Your adductor muscles help maintain a strong hip, knee, core, and lower back. To keep these muscles loose and avoid cramps, include dynamic stretches as part of your warm-up routine and static stretches during your cooldown sessions.
You use the muscles in your inner thigh and groin area more often than you might think. Every time you walk, turn, or bend, these muscles play a key role in keeping you balanced, stable, and moving safely.
The inner thigh muscles are called the adductors. They’re made up of five different muscles. These muscles are attached to your pelvic (hip) bone and femur, or upper leg bone.
Besides helping you move safely, your adductors are also crucial to stabilizing your hips, knees, low back, and core.
In this article, we’ll take a closer look at why it’s important to pay attention to these muscles when you stretch. And if you want examples of effective, easy stretches, we have those, too.
According to the American Council on Exercise, including inner thigh stretches in your workout routine or when your muscles feel tight may help:
Fitness experts recommend doing dynamic stretches before you start exercising. A dynamic stretch is a type of targeted warm-up. It prepares your body for exercise by mimicking the motion of your planned activity.
Dynamic stretches also help increase your body temperature and blood flow, and get your muscles ready to work. This can help prevent injuries, like a muscle strain or tear.
Static stretches, on the other hand, are most beneficial when they’re done after a workout. These are stretches that you hold in place for a period of time, without any movement. They allow your muscles to relax and loosen up while increasing flexibility and range of motion.
Before you start exercising, or if your groin muscles feel tight, spend about five minutes doing dynamic stretches. These stretches can help warm up your muscles and get them ready to move safely.
This simple dynamic stretch involves standing in one spot while you swing your legs as part of a warm-up. It targets your inner thighs, hips, and glutes.
- Stand with your feet shoulder-width apart.
- Lift your right leg off the ground, and keep your weight on the heel of your left foot.
- Hold onto a wall or chair for support if you need to.
- Starting slowly, swing your right leg like a pendulum from side to side. Try to avoid twisting your torso too much.
- As your muscles start to loosen up, you can pick up the pace and swing your leg out further with each move.
- Perform 20 times on each leg.
If you enjoy dancing, this move should come naturally as it’s similar to the “grapevine” dance move.
- Start with your feet together, then step to the left with your left foot.
- Cross your right foot in front of your left leg.
- Step to the left again with your left foot, and bring your right foot to join your left foot.
- Once both your feet are together, repeat in the other direction.
- You can start slowly, but pick up the pace as you get used to the move.
- Try to continue for at least 2 to 3 minutes.
The following inner thigh stretches can be done at the end of your workout to boost flexibility and range of motion, and to help your muscles relax after working out.
This stretch targets the muscles in your inner thighs, hips, and lower back.
- Sit on the ground, and place the soles of your feet together in front of you. Let your knees bend out to the sides.
- Place your hands on your feet as you pull your heels toward you.
- Keep your back straight and your abs engaged as you let your knees relax and inch closer to the floor. You’ll feel slight pressure on your groin muscles.
- Breathe deeply and hold this position for 15 to 30 seconds.
- Repeat 3 times. Move your feet closer to your groin for a more intense stretch.
- Stand up and place your feet double shoulder-width apart.
- Shift your weight to your right leg, bend your right knee, and push your hips back as if you’re going to sit down.
- Drop as low as possible while keeping your left leg straight.
- Keep your chest up and your weight on your right leg.
- Breathe deeply and hold for 10 to 20 seconds before returning to the starting position.
- Repeat 3 to 4 times, then switch to the other side.
Reclining angle bound pose
This relaxing stretch can help relieve muscle tension in your hips and groin. It’s an especially good stretch if you spend most of your day sitting.
- Lie down flat on your back.
- Bend your knees and move your soles inward so that they’re touching.
- Move your knees down toward the floor so that you feel your groin muscles stretching.
- Breathe deeply and hold this position for 20 to 30 seconds.
- Repeat 3 times. Try to move your feet closer to your buttocks with each stretch.
To stay safe while stretching, keep these tips in mind:
- Don’t bounce. Sudden, jerky, or bouncy movements can injure or tear the muscles.
- Start slowly. Don’t try to do too much too quickly. Start with a few stretches, and add more as you gain more flexibility.
- Don’t forget to breathe. Breathing helps relieve stress and tension in your muscles, and it can help you hold a stretch for longer.
- Don’t push beyond what’s comfortable. Some discomfort is normal, but you shouldn’t feel any pain when you’re stretching. Stop right away if you feel sharp or sudden pain.
You should also see a doctor if you experience intense pain that gets worse when you walk or sit, or that makes it hard to move your legs.
Your inner thigh muscles, also known as the adductors, play an important role in keeping you balanced, stable, and moving safely. They’re also crucial to stabilizing your hips, knees, low back, and core.
The best way to keep these muscles relaxed and flexible is by including dynamic stretches in your warm-up and static stretches in your cooldown routine. Stretching your adductors regularly can improve your flexibility and performance, and also prevent injury and stiffness.
Talk to your doctor if you have any concerns about stretching, especially if you have an injury or medical condition.