Ulcerative colitis is an inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) in which the lining of the large intestine (colon or bowel) and the rectum becomes inflamed. This inflammation produces tiny sores or ulcers within the lining of the colon. It usually begins in the rectum and spreads upward. It rarely affects the small intestine beyond the lower portion.
Discover the terms people use to talk about IBD and ulcerative colitis.
A disease in which the body produces antibodies that attack its own healthy cells and tissues
Probiotic that may be helpful in easing IBS and IBD symptoms. Found in some dairy products.
Test that indirectly measures the degree of inflammation in the body
Abnormal connection or tunnel between an organ, vessel, or intestine and another structure, often resulting in pain, discomfort, and infection
A procedure that removes a sample of tissue to find out more about a disease or condition
Group of medications used to treat inflammation of the gut or inflammatory bowel disease. Also commonly used to treat and prevent UC flare-ups.
Slang term to describe gas that backs up in a stoma pouch and causes it to expand
A second or renewed colonization of bacteria sometimes used to manage the symptoms of colitis
X-ray exam that can help a doctor detect changes or abnormalities in the large intestine
Pressure from gas that builds up in the stomach and intestines, intermittently expanding the abdomen
Serious inflammatory condition that can affect the entire digestive tract, from mouth to anus. Symptoms include diarrhea, cramping, bloody stools, and ulcers.
The last major portion of the intestinal tract. Also known as the large intestine.
Exam used to detect changes or abnormalities in the large intestine and rectum. A tiny video camera attached to a long, flexible, lighted tube allows the doctor to view the inside of the entire colon.
Imaging that combines a series of X-ray views taken from different angles with computer processing to create cross-sectional images of the bones and soft tissues inside your body
Difficulty or trouble in emptying the bowels, often a result of hardened feces
Usually associated with a prostate exam for men. It can also be used when examining the rectum to feel for signs of hemorrhoids, polyps, or tumors.
Term to describe those forms of UC involving the rectum and colon up to the mid portion of the descending colon, otherwise known as the left colon
Common condition of the digestive system that causes inflammation and infection of a small outpouching of the colon, called a diverticulum. When not inflamed, the condition is known as diverticulosis.
Term for an outpouching, or a hollow or a fluid-filled structure of an organ
Exam in which a healthcare provider looks within the digestive tract using an endoscope, or a lighted instrument with a camera. It can help a doctor evaluate, diagnose, and treat certain conditions inside of the digestive system.
Sudden appearance or worsening of a condition’s or disease’s symptoms
Procedure that allows your doctor to examine the inside of the rectum and the lower colon using a lighted camera
Large organ system, going from the mouth to the anus, that’s responsible for consumption, digestion, absorption of nutrients, and expulsion of waste
Swollen and inflamed veins within the rectum and around the anus. When aggravated, they are painful and itchy and may also bleed.
Form of UC in which bowel inflammation is limited to the rectum
A life-threatening complication associated with IBD. Toxic megacolon is a sudden dilation (widening) of the large intestine, making it ineffective as an organ. It requires immediate medical attention and hospitalization for treatment.
Used to describe the constant feeling of needing to empty the bowel, accompanied by involuntary straining efforts, pain, and cramping with little or no fecal output. Often confused for constipation.
Series of tests done on a stool (feces) sample to help diagnose certain conditions affecting the digestive tract
The S-shaped curve of the lower part of the large intestine that connects the descending colon and the rectum
Group of inflammatory diseases affecting the GI tract, including ulcerative colitis and Crohn’s disease
Portion of the GI tract that carries food and waste from the stomach to the rectum. The intestinal tract contains both the small intestine and the large intestine (colon).
A diagnostic technique that uses magnetic fields and radio waves to produce a detailed image of the body’s soft tissue and bones
Type of UC that affects the entire colon. Potentially serious complications include massive bleeding and acute dilation of the colon, which may lead to a perforation (opening) in the bowel wall.
Growth in the intestinal lining that can be noncancerous, precancerous, or cancerous. Your doctor might remove polyps during a colonoscopy.