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If you’re looking for hair loss treatments for men, there are plenty of options from hair transplants and laser treatments, to medications like Hims and Keeps. We vetted them all and broke down the pros, cons, and costs.

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Hair loss can’t always be prevented and be caused by either genetics, or the environment. But thankfully, there are treatments and remedies that might slow down the process.

Before you go out and buy supplements and special tonics, learn which ones have shown some promise in preventing or treating hair loss.

Here are 17 hair loss treatments you can talk with a doctor about.

Language matters

In this article, we use “male and female” to refer to someone’s sex as determined by their chromosomes, and “men and women” when referring to their gender (unless quoting from sources using nonspecific language).

Sex is determined by chromosomes, and gender is a social construct that can vary between time periods and cultures. Both of these aspects are acknowledged to exist on a spectrum both historically and by modern scientific consensus.

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Male pattern baldness, also known as androgenetic alopecia, is an inherited trait. According to Medline Plus, it affects more than half of men over the age of 50. However, stress or other autoimmune conditions such as alopecia areata can also affect hair loss.

It’s typical to lose around 50 to 100 hairs every day. Usually this loss isn’t noticeable because new hair grows to replace the hair lost. Hair loss and baldness occur when hair falls out too quickly, or new hairs stop growing.

Depending on the cause of hair loss, you may notice slowly thinning hair or a sudden bald patch. Hair loss can impact just the hair on your scalp or entire body.

Hair loss could be caused by:

  • Genetics and family history: If your relatives have hair loss, you’re more likely to develop it. Male pattern baldness or androgenic alopecia is a genetic condition where people gradually lose hair. This could show up as a slowing receding hair line or thinning patches on the crown of the head.
  • Medication conditions: Some medical conditions like hormonal problems or autoimmune diseases cause hair loss. For example, thyroid problems, scalp infections, or trichotillomania (a hair-pulling disorder) could lead to thinning hair or bald patches. An autoimmune condition called alopecia areata develops when the immune system attacks hair follicles resulting in bald patches.
  • Medications and medical treatments: Hair loss is a potential side effect of several medications for conditions like cancer, depression, gout, heart diseases, and arthritis.
  • Stress: Chronic stress or stressful events could lead to temporary hair thinning.

1. Prescription and over-the-counter (OTC) medication

The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has approved two medications to treat male pattern baldness:

  • Minoxidil (Rogaine). Rogaine is available OTC as a liquid or foam. Apply it to the scalp twice per day to encourage hair growth and prevent hair loss. Minoxidil is the active ingredient in Rogaine and it is also available in a generic form as a liquid solution or as an oral tablet. Both Rogaine and minoxidil can take 4 to 6 months to see results. Results also depend on proper application and dosage.
  • Finasteride (Propecia, Proscar). Finasteride is a pill that you take daily. It’s only available with a prescription from your doctor. The FDA states that generally, it will take at least 3 months of daily use to see results from the drug.

For both minoxidil and finasteride, it may take up to 1 year to see results, and you’ll need to keep taking them to maintain the benefits.

Can I buy hair loss medication online?

You can buy many of the most popular hair loss medications online and, in most cases, have them shipped discreetly to your home. Here are our reviews of two of the top places to buy these medications online, including a closer look at how they stack up against each other:

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2. Hair transplants

The two most popular hair transplant procedures are follicular unit transplantation and follicular unit extraction.

Keep in mind that both hair transplant procedures are considered surgery, so they can be expensive and may cause some level of discomfort.

There are also certain risks, including infections and scarring. You may need to do multiple hair transplant treatments to get the desired outcome.

Follicular unit transplantation (FUT)

FUT is the more “classic” method. It involves removing some skin, typically from the back of your scalp, where there’s an abundance of hair. Then, a surgeon removes the follicles from that strip of skin. Finally, they reinsert the hair follicles into the part of the scalp where you’re experiencing hair loss.

Follicular unit extraction (FUE)

In FUE, a surgeon removes hair follicles directly from the scalp and transplants them to the bald parts of the scalp. Direct hair implantation (DHI) is a modified version of this technique in which a specialized tool is used to complete the procedure.

3. Laser treatment

Laser treatment is thought to reduce the inflammation in follicles that keeps them from regrowth for some types of hair loss, like alopecia areata. For other types of hair loss, a 2014 review suggests that treatment from low-level laser therapy (LLLT) may increase hair growth through other mechanisms.

There are limited studies to support the effectiveness of laser treatments for hair loss. But a 2016 review determined that LLLT is safe and effective when used to treat male pattern hair loss.

According to a 2019 review, more research on LLLT is still needed.

4. Quit smoking

If you’re a smoker, you’ve probably heard about all the negative effects smoking has on your lungs. But did you know that smoking may be associated with hair loss?

A 2020 study of 1,000 men found that the majority of those who smoked had some amount of hair loss, compared with less than half of the participants who did not smoke.

If you smoke, quitting may help decrease hair loss.

5. Scalp massage

Not only do massages feel wonderful, but they may help with hair loss, too. Massaging the scalp stimulates the hair follicles.

In a small 2016 study, healthy Japanese men who received 4 minutes of scalp massage each day for 24 weeks had thicker hair at the end of the study.

Research from 2019 also found that scalp massages were associated with self-perceived improvements in hair density.

6. Balanced diet

A balanced diet may help keep your hair in tip-top shape. Make sure you’re including a variety of vegetables, fruits, whole grains, unsaturated fats, and lean proteins in your diet. Try to limit your intake of sweets.

A 2019 review associated certain vitamins and minerals found in food with healthy hair. Try adding these:

Last but not least, make sure you’re drinking plenty of water.

7. Reduce stress

Stress can really do a number on the body, including your hair. Hair loss may be a result of a stressful lifestyle.

Strategies to reduce stress include:

8. Oils

Some evidence from a 2014 mice study suggests that peppermint oil can help with hair growth. Rosemary oil has also been traditionally used to increase blood circulation to the scalp.

A 2013 study found that rosemary leaf extract improved hair regrowth in mice.

Coconut oil, castor oil, and olive oil are also widely recommended. But according to a 2020 review, research on their benefits for hair growth is limited.

9. Saw palmetto

Saw palmetto is a plant with small berries.

While research is narrow on saw palmetto’s ability to treat hair loss, a 2020 review found that it may help with hair growth while having few side effects.

10. Biotin

Biotin is a vitamin found naturally in foods, like:

  • nuts
  • sweet potatoes
  • eggs
  • onions
  • oats

There’s some evidence that taking biotin will help slow hair loss, but most of the research has been done in women with a biotin deficiency. However, there is a lack of evidence that supplementing with biotin actually has a noticeable effect in healthy individuals.

11. Onion juice

A small 2014 study showed that the use of onion juice as a topical treatment resulted in significantly more regrowth than just tap water in people with patchy alopecia areata. More research on people with male pattern hair loss is needed.

12. Bhringraj

Bhringraj (Eclipta alba), also called false daisy, is a species in the sunflower family. In Ayurvedic medicine, it’s known as an herb that supports hair growth.

Studies, take one from 2008 for example, have shown the result that extracts of the herb show better hair regrowth than minoxidil. However, more research is needed to confirm these effects in humans.

13. Green tea

Another purported herbal remedy for hair loss is green tea.

In an older 2005 study in mice, the polyphenolic compounds present in green tea showed promise as a natural remedy for hair loss. But there haven’t been human studies to confirm these effects.

14. Hibiscus

Chinese hibiscus (Hibiscus rosa-sinensis) is marketed widely in India for hair growth. An older 2003 study on mice showed positive effects on hair follicles, but no studies have been done in humans.

15. Be gentle with your locks

Try to be as gentle as possible when brushing or styling your hair. Constantly twisting, twirling, or pulling your hair tight can lead to hair loss.

If you’re worried about hair loss, you may want to avoid the following:

  • tight hairstyles, such as pigtails, cornrows, braids, and buns
  • chemicals used in perms and hair straightening treatments
  • hot curling irons or straightening irons
  • bleaching your hair

If you do use chemicals or bleach in your hair, seek help from a trained professional. Don’t try to do it yourself at home.

16. Get a checkup

Aside from your genetics, several medical conditions can result in hair loss. You’ll be able to address your hair loss by treating the underlying condition.

The following conditions could lead to hair loss:

If you have any of these conditions, or if you’re experiencing other symptoms besides hair loss, make sure you talk with a doctor to treat the underlying condition. Your hair loss should improve as your condition improves.

17. Discuss your medications with a physician

Certain medications can lead to hair loss. Examples include:


Talk with your doctor before stopping or changing a medication you’re currently taking.

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If you’ve started to notice thinning hair or have a family history of male pattern baldness, you may not be able to fully stop your hair loss. Still, you may be able to slow or prevent some hair loss.

Try these tips to help prevent hair loss in males:

  • Find ways to lower your stress levels
  • Take care of your overall health with a healthy diet and exercise
  • Avoid hairstyles that tug and pull on your hair
  • Use hair products to prevent hair loss
  • Avoid smoking
  • Try scalp massages
  • Talk with your healthcare professional to see if any medications or medical conditions could be increasing hair loss for you

The cost for hair loss treatment depends on which treatment you decide to try.

For example:

  • Rogaine can cost around $40 to $50 for a 3-month supply.
  • Propecia can cost around $70 for a 1-month supply.
  • Hair transplants can cost anywhere from $4,000 to $15,000.

Generic medications, as well as OTC supplements, tend to be less expensive.

Consider meeting with your doctor if you:

  • experience sudden patchy hair loss
  • think a medication may be causing your hair loss
  • also have a rash
  • have scaly skin

What is the best treatment for male hair loss?

Talk with your doctor to figure out which hair loss treatment may be best for you. While OTC and home remedies may work for some, they aren’t for everyone.

Can hair loss be treated? Does hair loss treatment work?

Some people find success with hair loss treatments, like OTC medications, prescription medications, and home remedies. But they don’t work for everyone.

For example, Rogaine works best for people with hereditary baldness at the back of the head, just under the crown.

Hair transplants are usually more successful than OTC products. However, if you have widespread thinning or baldness, or if your hair loss is due to chemo or medications, they won’t be as effective.

What happens if I stop hair loss treatment?

It depends on the treatment you’re using. If you’re taking an OTC or prescription medication, like Rogaine or Propecia, you’ll have to keep taking it indefinitely in order to maintain results.

How can I permanently treat hair loss?

Hair implants are typically permanent. However, you may need multiple implants depending on your goals.

Can hair grow back after balding?

It is possible to regrow hair with treatment and/or medication, but there are still some instances and conditions where regrowth is not possible.

If you’re experiencing hair loss or thinning tied to a period of increased stress or change to your nutrition, you will likely begin to regrown hair over time when your stress levels drop or you make changes to your nutritional intake.

However, if your hair loss is caused by a condition like alopecia areata or alopecia totalis or from scalp damage and scarring, it is unlikely that typical medications like minoxidil and finasteride will stimulate hair growth.

If you find limited results from home remedies or over-the-counter products like Rogaine, talk with a professional about what might be causing your hair loss and how best to treat it.

There are several treatments you may want to try for hair loss. These include OTC and prescription medications, hair implants, and home remedies.

Talk with your doctor first. They can help you figure out the cause of your hair loss and what the best treatment option would be.