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Plenty of options are available for helping or preventing gout attacks at home. Most are natural and have little to no side effects. But in some cases, you will need to get medical help.
Gout is a type of arthritis that causes pain similar to osteoarthritis, though there are some distinct differences.
It’s caused by high uric acid buildup in the blood. Uric acid then accumulates in joints, causing inflammation with discomfort and pain.
Some natural remedies may help. However, if your gout pain is very sudden or intense, contact your doctor before trying any of the remedies below.
Cherries or tart cherry juice
This research recommends three servings of any cherry form over a two-day period, which was considered the most effective.
Magnesium is a dietary mineral. Some claim it’s good for gout because deficiency of magnesium may worsen chronic inflammatory stress in the body, though no studies prove this.
Ginger is a culinary food and herb prescribed for inflammatory conditions. Its ability to help gout is well-documented.
One study found topical ginger reduced pain related to uric acid in gout. Another study showed that in subjects with high levels of uric acid (hyperuricemia), their serum uric acid level was reduced by ginger. But the subjects were rats, and ginger was taken internally rather than topically.
Make a ginger compress or paste by boiling water with 1 tablespoon of grated fresh gingerroot. Soak a washcloth in the mixture. When cool, apply the washcloth to the area where you’re experiencing pain at least once per day for 15 to 30 minutes. Skin irritation is possible, so it’s best to do a test on a small patch of skin first.
Take ginger internally by boiling water and steeping 2 teaspoons of gingerroot for 10 minutes. Enjoy 3 cups per day.
Interactions are possible. Let your doctor know first before you take large amounts of ginger.
Warm water with apple cider vinegar, lemon juice, and turmeric
Apple cider vinegar, lemon juice, and turmeric are each frequently recommended anecdotally for gout. Together, they make a pleasant beverage and remedy.
Celery or celery seeds
Celery is a food traditionally used to treat urinary issues. For gout, extract and seeds of the vegetable have become popular home remedies.
Experimental use is well-documented, though scientific research is scant. It’s thought that celery may reduce inflammation.
Adequate celery amounts for treating gout aren’t documented. Try eating celery many times per day, especially raw celery sticks, juice, extract, or seeds.
If purchasing an extract or supplement, follow label directions closely.
Stinging nettle (Urtica dioica) is an herbal remedy for gout that may reduce inflammation and pain.
Traditional use is frequently referred to in studies. There’s still no research directly proving it works. One study showed it protected the kidneys, but the subjects were male rabbits, and kidney injury was induced by administration of gentamicin, an antibiotic.
To try this tea, brew a cup by boiling water. Steep 1 to 2 teaspoons of dried nettle per cup of water. Drink up to 3 cups per day.
You can use dandelion tea, an extract, or a supplement. Follow label directions closely.
Milk thistle seeds
Milk thistle is an herb used for liver health.
Follow dosing directions on a milk thistle supplement carefully or discuss it with your doctor.
Hibiscus is a garden flower, food, tea, and traditional herbal remedy.
It may be a folk remedy used to treat gout. One study showed that hibiscus might lower uric acid levels, though this study was performed on rats.
Topical cold or hot application
Applying cold or hot water to inflamed joints may also be effective.
Studies and opinions on this are mixed. Soaking in cold water is most often recommended and considered most effective. Ice packs may also work.
Soaking in hot water is typically only recommended when inflammation isn’t as intense.
Alternating hot and cold applications may also be helpful.
Natural health sites may recommend apples as part of gout-reducing diets. The claim: Apples contain malic acid, which lowers uric acid.
However, there aren’t any studies supporting this for gout. Apples also contain fructose, which may trigger hyperuricemia, leading to gout flare-ups.
Eating one apple per day is good for overall health. It may be mildly beneficial for gout, but only if it doesn’t add to excessive daily sugar consumption.
Bananas are thought to be good for gout. They’re potassium-rich, which helps the tissue and organs in the body to function properly.
Bananas also contain sugars, including fructose, which can be a gout trigger. Many foods are higher in potassium and lower in sugar than bananas, such as dark leafy greens and avocados.
Eat one banana per day for benefit. No studies yet support any benefit from bananas for gout.
Some people recommend a bath of Epsom salts to prevent gout attacks.
The idea is that Epsom salts are rich in magnesium, which may lower gout risk. However,
To give Epsom salts a try, mix 1 to 2 cups in your bath. Soak your entire body or only specific joints for symptom relief.
Eliminate diet triggers
Diet is often closely related to gout flareups and pain. Avoiding triggers and keeping to a good gout diet is an important remedy in and of itself.
Drinking plenty of water is important to kidney function. Keeping the kidneys in good shape can also reduce uric acid crystal buildup and gout attacks.
Make sure to stay hydrated and drink plenty of water, which can be helpful for gout. No studies show it can replace gout treatments, however.
Get plenty of rest
Gout attacks can interfere with movement and mobility.
To avoid worsening symptoms, relax and stay put while joints are inflamed. Avoid exercising, bearing heavy weights, and using joints excessively, which can worsen the pain and duration of a flare-up.
Always check with your doctor first before adding a supplement to your regimen. Interactions and side effects could be possible with herbal supplements.
Never replace your established, prescribed gout treatments with a home remedy without informing your doctor. None of the herbal supplements recommended are regulated by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration for what they contain or how well they work. Only purchase supplements from trusted companies for safety.
If your gout pain is considerable, sudden, or intense — or if home remedies cease to work — contact your doctor immediately.