Certain health conditions, diet, and genetics can cause high levels of uric acid. Avoiding alcohol and limiting some foods and beverages may help lower levels.
Uric acid is a natural waste product caused by the digestion of foods containing purines. Purines are found in high levels in some foods and are formed and broken down in your body.
Usually, your body filters out uric acid through your kidneys and in urine. If you consume too much purine or if your body is unable to remove this by-product quickly enough, uric acid can build up in your blood.
A standard uric acid level is under
You can limit the source of uric acid. Purine-rich foods include some meats, seafood, and vegetables. All of these foods contribute to uric acid when digested.
Avoid or reduce your intake of purine-rich foods, such as:
- red meat
- organ meats
Note that fructose in beverages is absorbed quicker than sugars in whole foods because beverages don’t contain fiber, protein, or other nutrients.
Other sugars added to food include table sugar, corn syrup, and high fructose corn syrup.
Here are some steps to lower the amount of sugar you consume:
- Eat more whole foods.
- Limit processed, packaged foods.
- Check food labels for added sugars.
- Quench sugar cravings with fresh fruit.
- Replace sugary drinks with water, unsweetened drinks, or coffee without sugar.
Drinking enough water can help support your kidneys and may reduce your risk of uric acid kidney stones.
Keep a water bottle with you at all times. Set an alarm every hour to remind you to take a few sips.
Some types of alcohol, such as beer, contain a higher purine content than others. However, even alcohol lower in purines can increase purine production.
Alcohol increases the metabolism of nucleotides, another source of purines that can be turned into uric acid. It also affects the rate at which uric acid is secreted, leading to increased blood levels.
- It competes with the enzyme that breaks down purines in the body, lowering the uric acid production rate.
- It increases the rate at which your body excretes uric acid.
Researchers note that further studies are needed to clarify whether coffee may affect uric acid levels.
Excess body fat may contribute to elevated uric acid levels. More weight may cause your kidneys to work less efficiently. It can also increase uric acid production and decrease the excretion of uric acid through urine.
If you suspect that weight may be contributing to high uric acid levels, be sure to speak with your doctor before starting a new weight loss or weight management plan.
They may refer you to a dietitian who can help you create a nutritious, well balanced eating plan. In addition, they may be able to recommend an exercise plan or suggest lifestyle changes to help support you.
Be sure to have your doctor check your blood sugar levels at your next appointment, even if you do not have diabetes. They may also want to check your serum insulin level if they suspect you have insulin resistance.
The daily recommended intake of vitamin C is
You can also get more by eating foods high in vitamin C, especially fruits and vegetables. Over-the-counter vitamin C supplements are also available.
Consider snacking on a handful of cherries or sipping some unsweetened tart cherry juice.
Some medications and supplements
- vitamin B-3 (niacin)
- immune-suppressing drugs such as cyclosporine and tacrolimus
- pyrazinamide, a drug that treats tuberculosis
- levodopa, a drug that treats Parkinson’s disease
- beta-blockers, ACE inhibitors, and other blood pressure medications
If you take these and have hyperuricemia, work with your doctor to determine an alternative medication.
What is the fastest way to lower uric acid?
The quickest way to lower your uric acid levels is by taking prescription medications like colchicine, xanthine oxidase inhibitors, and probenecid (Probalan). As part of your gout treatment plan, a healthcare professional may also
What foods reduce uric acid?
No specific foods lower uric acid. However, avoiding foods and beverages that are high in purine may help you naturally lower your levels. These may include alcohol, sugar, red meat, organ meats, fish, shellfish, and poultry. Some gout-friendly foods include vegetables, fruits, and whole grains.
How do you flush uric acid out of your body?
You can take medications to
What is the best drink to lower uric acid?
Drinking at least eight glasses of water daily is best for helping your kidneys flush out uric acid.
Diet, exercise, and other lifestyle changes can help improve gout and other health conditions caused by high uric acid levels. Still, they can’t always replace medical treatments.
Take all prescribed medications as directed by your doctor. The right combination of diet, exercise, and medications can help lower high uric acid levels and keep symptoms at bay.
It may seem as if there are a lot of foods to avoid to help lower uric acid levels. The best way to limit these foods is by making a weekly meal plan. Talk with a dietitian about the best diet plan for you.