There’s nothing like swimming on a hot summer day. However, swimming is also a skill that can save your life. When you know how to swim, you can safely enjoy water activities like kayaking and surfing.

Swimming is a great workout, too. It forces your body to work against resistance, which strengthens your muscles, heart, and lungs.

The best way to learn how to swim is to take lessons. Let’s look at the most commonly taught strokes and how to improve your technique.

The breaststroke cycle is often described as “pull, breathe, kick, glide.” To remember the sequence, many swimmers recite this phrase in their head. Take a look at the video above to get a visual for how it’s done.

Pro tip

Keep your legs behind you instead of below you. By maintaining a horizontal body position, you’ll minimize resistance and go faster.

The butterfly, or fly, is the most difficult stroke to learn. It’s a complex stroke that requires precise timing and coordination.

Before trying the butterfly, learn the wave-like body movement first. This is the core motion of the butterfly stroke. Once you’ve mastered this move, you’re ready to incorporate the arm motions. Watch the video above to see how it’s done.

Pro tips

  • For a faster butterfly, avoid exaggerating the wave-like body movements. Your hips should be near or at the surface, not above. Moving your hips too high or low will slow you down.
  • Pointing your eyes and nose downward will also help you move smoothly and quickly.

Freestyle, also called front crawl, involves a leg movement called the flutter kick. It’s recommended to learn this technique before trying the full stroke. Take a look at the video above to get a visual for this stroke.

Pro tips

  • To speed up your freestyle, always reach forward before pulling down. Your arm strokes should be long and relaxed, not short and forceful.
  • Think of your nose as the center line. When you reach and pull, your hand shouldn’t pass your nose. Align it with your shoulder to propel forward.
  • Avoid looking too far down. This puts your shoulders underwater, which adds resistance and slows you down.
  • Also, when you kick, don’t bend your knees too much. Kick from the hips and keep your legs almost parallel to maintain speed and balance.

Beginner swimmers should work with a certified swim instructor. It’s the best way to stay safe and learn the correct technique.

If you’re a beginner swimmer, never enter a pool alone. Always swim with another person until you can float and swim on your own.

Here are basic swimming instructions for kids and adults:


When teaching kids how to swim, the experience should be fun and playful. It’s recommended to use songs, toys, and games.

You can also give different techniques fun names. For example, reaching their arms straight ahead can be called “superhero.” See the video above for a visual.

To teach your child how to swim, practice each step until they’re comfortable with each phase:


It’s never too late to learn how to swim. With practice and professional guidance, adults can master basic swimming techniques. See the video above for some basics.

To start swimming as an adult:

Regardless of your age or level, the following tips will help you get better at swimming.

  • Work with a swim coach. A swim instructor can teach you proper technique and increase your confidence in the water.
  • Do swimming drills. A swimming drill is an exercise that focuses on a specific phase of a stroke. When done regularly, swimming drills can help you perfect your strokes.
  • Breathe properly. Exhale whenever your head is underwater. Holding your breath will make you feel winded and slow you down.
  • Take a video. To better understand your own form, have someone film you as you swim. This is a great way to see how you can improve.
  • Watch videos. Watching instructional videos allows you to see proper body positioning in action.
  • Practice, practice, practice. Regular practice will improve your technique and coordination.

When you’re ready to take the plunge, look for a swim instructor in your area. You can take private or group lessons. Some instructors teach at public pools, while others teach at their home pool. Choose whatever is most comfortable and convenient for you.

A swimming school is an excellent place to find swim instructors. You can also look at:

Another option is to search for swim instructors online. Simply enter your zip code on one of these sites to find a local instructor or class:

Swimming is a lifesaving skill. It allows you to enjoy the water for fun, leisure, or exercise. As a physical activity, swimming strengthens your muscles and cardiovascular fitness.

The best way to learn is to get swim lessons. A certified swim instructor can provide personalized guidance for your age and skill level. With practice and patience, you’ll be swimming in no time.