Cervical polyps are noncancerous tumors that don’t cause symptoms and may not require treatment. Getting regular pelvic exams and Pap tests can help detect cervical polyps early.
Cervical polyps are small, elongated tumors
The cervix connects the uterine cavity and the upper portion of the vagina. It acts as the passageway for sperm to fertilize an egg, which could result in pregnancy. During labor, the cervix
Polyps are fragile structures that grow from stalks rooted on the surface of the cervix or inside of the cervical canal. If someone has polyps, usually only one polyp is present, and two or three at most.
According to a 2017 review, the incidence of polyps peaks during the fifth decade of life. Polyps almost never occur before the start of menstruation. Polyps are also common during pregnancy, which may occur due to an increase in the hormone estrogen.
Cervical polyps are usually benign, or not cancerous, and cervical cancer rarely arises from them. Most cervical cancers
Sex and gender exist on spectrums. This article will use the terms “male,” “female,” or both to refer to sex assigned at birth. Click here to learn more.
Polyps on the cervix may not cause any noticeable symptoms. However, see a gynecologist right away if you experience vaginal discharge of white or yellow mucus or abnormally heavy periods.
You should also call a doctor if you experience vaginal spotting or bleeding:
Some of these symptoms
It isn’t fully understood why cervical polyps occur. Their formation
- increased levels of estrogen, which is the female sex hormone
- chronic inflammation of the cervix, vagina, or uterus
- clogged blood vessels
High estrogen levels
For example, xenoestrogens are in commercially produced meats and dairy products. Chemical estrogens can also be released into food that’s heated in plastic or plastic foam containers. Even some air fresheners contain phthalates, which are other estrogen-like chemicals.
Polyps are easy for a doctor to see during a routine pelvic exam. A doctor will see smooth, fingerlike growths on the cervix that appear red or purple. The two types of cervical polyps are ectocervical and endocervical.
Ectocervical polyps arise from the outer surface layer of cells on the cervix. Endocervical polyps arise from the cervical glands, and they’re the most common type of cervical polyp. Postmenopausal females are
Biopsies, or tissue samples, of the polyps are taken and sent to a laboratory for testing. Results usually show benign polyp cells. In rare cases, abnormal cells or precancerous patterns of growth known as neoplastic changes may be present.
Sometimes, cervical polyps will disconnect from the cervix on their own. This can occur while a female is menstruating or during sexual intercourse.
Doctors don’t routinely remove cervical polyps unless they cause symptoms. Removing cervical polyps is a simple procedure that a doctor can perform in their office. No pain medication is necessary. Methods for removing cervical polyps include:
- twisting the polyp off at the base
- tying surgical string around the base of the polyp and cutting it away
- using ring forceps to remove the polyp
Methods to destroy the base of the polyp include the use of:
- liquid nitrogen
- electrocautery ablation, which involves using an electrically heated needle
- laser surgery
You may feel a brief, mild pain during removal and mild to moderate cramps for a few hours afterward. Spotting of blood from the vagina may occur for 1 or 2 days after removal.
In some instances, the polyps or the polyp stems are too large to remove in a doctor’s office. If this is the case, you may need to have surgery to remove the cervical polyp in a hospital or surgery center.
The outlook for people with cervical polyps is excellent. Once the doctor removes them, they don’t usually grow back.
Polyp removal is a simple, safe, and noninvasive procedure. However, if you’ve ever had polyps, you’re at
Since some infections are linked to cervical polyps, a few simple steps may help reduce your risk.
Wear cotton underwear that allows good air circulation. This prevents excess heat and moisture, which is the perfect environment for infections. Also, use a condom or other barrier method during intercourse.
Be sure to get regular pelvic exams and Pap tests, which can help detect cervical polyps early.
How frequently you should get Pap tests depends on your overall health history and age. A doctor can recommend the amount of time, which usually is anywhere from