In fact, mosquitoes are one of the deadliest animals on the planet, when you factor in all mosquito-borne diseases.
Some people think mosquitoes can also infect humans with HIV, which is the virus that can lead to AIDS if left untreated. However, this isn’t true.
Read on to learn more about why it’s impossible for a mosquito to transmit HIV to humans.
Even if a mosquito bites a person who has HIV, then bites someone else, they can’t transmit HIV to the second person.
This is because of the mosquito’s biology, and the biology of HIV itself. Specifically, mosquitoes can’t transmit HIV for the following reasons.
HIV can’t infect mosquitoes, so they can’t infect humans
Mosquitoes (and other insects) lack the receptor HIV uses to recognize and infect immune cells. This means that mosquitoes can’t get infected with HIV. Instead, the virus just gets broken down and digested in the mosquito’s stomach.
Because they can’t get infected with HIV, mosquitoes can’t transmit HIV to humans.
Mosquitoes’ feeding mechanism
A mosquito’s proboscis — the elongated part of its mouth it uses to bite humans — has two tubes.
One tube is used for sucking blood from humans. The other injects saliva into the bite. This means only saliva, not blood (from either a mosquito or another person) goes into your body when you get a mosquito bite.
HIV can’t be transmitted through saliva, so it can’t be transmitted through a mosquito’s bite.
It would take too many bites
HIV actually isn’t very contagious. It takes a large amount of the virus being transmitted for someone to contract it.
Even if some HIV were still in a mosquito’s body when it bit you — if it had yet to be fully digested — there wouldn’t be enough of it to infect you.
By some estimates, you’d have to get 10 million bites from mosquitoes with HIV in their body in order for the amount of HIV needed for infection to enter your body.
HIV is transmitted through direct contact with certain bodily fluids from a person who has the virus. These fluids include:
These fluids must enter the person’s body for them to contract HIV.
HIV is mainly transmitted through sex without a condom or other barrier method, and through people sharing needles.
In some cases, a mother with HIV can transmit the virus to their child during pregnancy, childbirth, or breastfeeding. However, antiretroviral therapy can greatly lower the risk of this occurring, and it’s safe to take during pregnancy.
HIV can’t be transmitted through saliva.
HIV can only be transmitted when a person with the virus has a detectable viral load (the amount of the HIV virus in their blood). Taking daily medication (antiretroviral therapy) for HIV can lead to an undetectable viral load, which means HIV can’t be transmitted to others.
Although mosquitoes can’t transmit HIV, there are many diseases they do transmit.
Mosquitoes in different parts of the world transmit different diseases. This is due to the fact that different pathogens thrive in different environments. In addition, different mosquito species often transmit different diseases.
Diseases that mosquitoes transmit include:
Mosquito-borne diseases are the most common and dangerous threat from mosquitoes. But in rare cases, mosquito bites can also cause severe allergic reactions.
If you have trouble breathing or swelling in your face or throat after being bitten by a mosquito, call 911 or go to the nearest emergency room immediately. These are symptoms of a serious allergic reaction called anaphylaxis, which can be deadly.