the parts of your body where your bones meet. Joints allow the bones of your
skeleton to move. Joints include:
Joint pain refers
to discomfort, aches, and soreness in any of the body’s joints. Joint pain is a
common complaint. It doesn’t typically require a hospital visit. Sometimes,
joint pain is the result of an illness or injury. Arthritis is also a common cause
of joint pain. However, it can also be due to other conditions or factors.
One of the most common causes of joint pain is arthritis. The
two main forms of arthritis are osteoarthritis (OA) and rheumatoid arthritis
According to the American
College of Rheumatology, OA is most common in adults over the age of 40. It
progresses slowly and tends to affect commonly used joints like the:
Joint pain due to OA results from a breakdown of the
cartilage that serves as a cushion and shock absorber for the joints.
The second form of arthritis is RA. According to the Arthritis
Foundation, RA affects about 1.5 million Americans. It more commonly
affects women than men. It can deform and debilitate the joints over time. RA
causes pain, inflammation, and fluid buildup in the joints as the body’s immune
system attacks the membrane that lines the joints.
Joint pain can be caused by:
- bursitis, or inflammation of the cushioning pads
- certain infectious diseases, such as mumps,
influenza, and hepatitis
- chondromalacia of the patella, or a breakdown of
the cartilage in the kneecap
- an injury
- tendinitis, or inflammation of the tendon
- an infection of the bone
- overuse of a joint
What Are the
Symptoms of Joint Pain?
In some cases, your joint pain will require you to see a
doctor. You should make an appointment if you don’t know the cause of your
joint pain and are experiencing other unexplained symptoms. You should also see
a doctor if the area around the joint is swollen, red, tender, or warm to the
touch, the pain persists for three days or more, or you have a fever but no
other signs of the flu.
Go to the emergency room if any of the following occurs:
- You’ve experienced a serious injury.
- The joint appears deformed.
- Swelling of the joint occurs suddenly.
- The joint is completely immobile.
- You have severe joint pain.
How Is Joint
Your doctor will probably perform a physical exam. They’ll
also ask you a series of questions about your joint pain. This may help to
narrow down the potential causes.
A joint X-ray may be necessary to identify arthritis-related
joint damage. If your doctor suspects there’s another cause, they may perform a
blood test to screen for certain autoimmune disorders. They may also perform a
sedimentation rate test to measure the level of inflammation in the body or a
complete blood count.
How Is Joint
Doctors consider both OA and RA to be chronic conditions.
Nothing can eliminate the joint pain associated with arthritis or keep it from
returning. However, there are ways to manage the pain:
- It may help to use topical pain relievers or take
nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs to reduce pain, swelling, and inflammation.
- Stay physically active and follow a fitness
program focusing on moderate exercise.
- Stretch before exercising to maintain a good
range of motion in your joints.
- Keep your body weight within a healthy range.
This will lessen stress on the joints.
- If your pain isn’t due to arthritis, you can try
taking a nonprescription, anti-inflammatory drug, getting a massage, taking a
warm bath, stretching frequently, and getting adequate rest.
Your treatment options will depend on the cause of the pain.
In some cases, your doctor will need to draw out accumulated fluid in the joint
area. They might also recommend surgery to replace the joint.
Other nonsurgical treatment methods could include lifestyle
changes or medications that can potentially cause your RA to go into remission.
In the case of RA, your doctor will first address inflammation. Once the RA
goes into remission, your medical treatment will focus on keeping a tight rein
on your condition so that you avoid flare-ups.
What Are the Complications Associated with Joint Pain?
Joint pain is often a result of the damage that occurs
through normal wear and tear. However, it can also be a sign of an infection or
potentially debilitating RA.
You should see your doctor if you have any unexplained joint
pain, especially if it doesn’t go away on its own after a few days. Early
detection and diagnosis can allow for effective treatment of the underlying
cause of your discomfort.