Conditions list medically reviewed by George Krucik, MD, MBA
Low blood sodium, or hyponatremia, occurs when water and sodium are out of balance in your body. It can cause weakness, headache, nausea, and muscle cramps.
Encephalitis is inflammation of the brain tissue. It's most often caused by viral infections. In some cases, bacterial infections can also cause encephalitis.
A brain tumor is a collection or mass of abnormal cells in your brain. A brain tumor can be cancerous (malignant) or noncancerous (benign).
There are many types of skull fractures, but only one major cause. Get the facts on fractures and learn about diagnosis and treatment.
Hypercalcemia is a condition in which you have too much calcium in your blood.
Acute mountain sickness is a condition that occurs when your body can't adjust to a high level of altitude. Learn more about the signs and how to treat it.
Malignant hypertension is a rare and severe condition in which blood pressure is dangerously high. Learn more about symptoms and treatments.
Amphetamines are a type of stimulant and can be highly addictive. Consistent amphetamine dependence can lead to overdose, brain damage, and even death.
An epidural hematoma happens when a mass of blood forms between your skull and brain. Learn how to prevent and treat this life-threatening condition.
A brain tumor is the growth of abnormal cells in your brain. Whether the growth is cancerous or not, any brain tumor is serious. Symptoms can include both cognitive and…
Shaken baby syndrome is caused by forcefully and violently shaking a baby. Learn about shaken baby syndrome symptoms, diagnosis, and treatment.
Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is progressive and irreversible damage to the kidneys. The most common causes of CKD are high blood pressure and diabetes.
In end-stage kidney disease, also known as end-stage renal disease (ESRD), the kidneys are functioning below 10 percent of their normal function.
Glomerulonephritis is a serious illness that can stop your kidneys from functioning properly. Learn how this condition is diagnosed and treated.
Medullary cystic kidney disease is a rare condition that causes cysts to form on kidneys. Kidney failure may result, symptoms of which can include changes in skin color…
A brain abscess forms when fungi, viruses, or bacteria reach your brain through a wound in your head or an infection somewhere else in your body.
Your body becomes overloaded with toxins if your kidneys can't do their regular job. This can lead to kidney failure and even be life-threatening.
This feature is for informational purposes only and should not be used to diagnose. Please consult a healthcare professional if you have health concerns.