Good sleep is crucial for a well-functioning body and quality of life.
Some people have no problem falling asleep. However, many others have difficulty falling and staying asleep through the night.
Poor sleep can affect many areas of your life, including learning, memory, emotional well-being and biological functions (1).
If you have difficulty falling asleep or getting a good night's rest, this article is for you.
Here are 22 simple ideas to help you to fall asleep fast.
1. Get on a Schedule
Many people find that setting a sleep schedule helps them fall asleep easier.
Your body has its own regulatory system called the circadian rhythm. This internal clock cues your body to feel alert during the day but sleepy at night (1).
Waking up and going to bed at the same times each day can help your internal clock keep a regular schedule. Once your body adjusts to this schedule, it will be easier to fall asleep and wake up around the same time every day (2).
It is also important to get seven to nine hours of sleep each night. This has been shown to be the optimal sleep duration for adults. Getting on a schedule can help ensure that you get a good amount of sleep (1).
Lastly, give yourself 30 minutes to an hour to wind down in the evening before getting in bed. This allows your body and mind to relax and prepare for sleep (3).
2. Daylight and Darkness Are Equally Important
Light can influence your body’s internal clock, which regulates sleep and wakefulness.
Get out and expose your body to sunlight or artificial bright light throughout the day. If possible, use blackout curtains to make your room dark at night.
3. Practice Yoga, Meditation and Mindfulness
When people are stressed, they tend to have difficulty falling asleep. This can make sleep issues even worse (9).
Yoga encourages the practice of breathing patterns and body movements that release stress and tension accumulated in your body (9).
Meditation can enhance melatonin levels and assist the brain in achieving a specific state where sleep is easily achieved (10).
Lastly, mindfulness may help you maintain focus on the present and worry less while falling asleep (11).
Practicing one or all of these techniques can help you get a good night's rest and wake up reenergized.
4. Do Not Look at Your Clock
It is normal to wake up in the middle of the night. However, the inability to fall back asleep can ruin a good night’s rest (12).
People who have a hard time falling back asleep in the middle of the night tend to watch the clock and obsess about the fact that they cannot fall back asleep.
"Clock-watching" is common among people suffering from insomnia. This behavior may cause anxiety about sleeplessness (13).
To make matters worse, waking on a regular basis without falling back asleep may cause your body to develop a routine. As a result, you might find yourself waking up in the middle of the night every night.
If possible, it is best to remove the clock from your room. If you need an alarm, you can turn your clock and avoid watching it when you are trying to fall back asleep.
5. Avoid Naps During the Day
One study showed that among 440 college students, those who reported taking three or more naps per week, those who napped more than two hours and those who napped late (between 6 and 9 p.m.) had the poorest nighttime sleep quality (18).
Another study found that older adults who napped frequently had lower quality nighttime sleep, more depressive symptoms, more limited physical activity and were more likely to be overweight than those who rarely took a nap (19).
To find out if naps are affecting your sleep, try either eliminating naps altogether or limiting yourself to a short nap (30 minutes or less) early in the day.
6. Lower the Temperature and Wear Socks
If your room is too warm, you might have a hard time falling asleep. Setting your thermostat to a cool temperature between 60–75°F (15–23°C) could help you fall asleep faster (27).
Individual preferences will vary, so find the temperature that works best for you.
7. Use the "4-7-8" Exercise
The “4-7-8” exercise is a simple but powerful breathing method that promotes calmness and relaxation. It might also help you unwind before bed.
It consists of a breathing pattern that relaxes the nervous system. It can be practiced anytime you feel anxious or stressed.
Here are the steps for the "4-7-8" breathing method (30):
- Exhale completely through your mouth, making a whoosh sound.
- Close your mouth and inhale quietly through your nose while mentally counting to four.
- Hold your breath to the count of seven.
- Open your mouth slightly and exhale completely, making a whoosh sound to the count of eight.
- Inhale again, and repeat the cycle at least three more times until you feel calm and are ready to fall asleep.
If practiced daily, this technique may help you fall asleep faster.
8. Watch What and When You Eat
It seems that the food you eat before bed may affect your sleep. For example, research has shown that high-carb meals may be detrimental to a good night's rest.
A review of studies concluded that even though a high-carb diet can get you to fall asleep faster, it will not be restful sleep. Instead, high-fat meals could promote a deeper and more restful sleep (31, 32).
In fact, several studies agree that a high-carb/low-fat diet significantly decreased the quality of sleep compared to a low-carb/high-fat diet with the same amount of calories for both diets (33, 34).
If you still want to enjoy a high-carb meal for dinner, you should consume it at least four hours before bed, so you have enough time to digest it (32).
There are specific foods that have been proven to help you sleep better, including warm milk with Horlicks powder, fatty fish like salmon and fruits like kiwifruit or tart cherry juice (35, 36, 37, 38).
Regardless, it’s never a good idea to go to bed with a full stomach. It is recommended that you wait long enough after dinner to allow your body to digest the food before going to sleep.
9. Listen to Relaxing Music
A study of 24 young adults demonstrated that sedative music promoted deeper sleep (41).
Buddhist music is a kind of music created from different Buddhist chants and used for meditation. Listening to it may be a great tool for better sleep (42).
Another study revealed that 25 participants had a more restful and deeper sleep when they were exposed to soothing music for 45 minutes at bedtime, compared to those not listening to music (43).
10. Eat Breakfast
Having breakfast might be key to better sleep.
It has been shown that tryptophan improves the quality of sleep. Tryptophan is an essential amino acid that is transformed into serotonin in the brain and subsequently converted to melatonin (46).
Interestingly enough, the transformation of tryptophan to melatonin is higher in the presence of light rather than darkness. Therefore, to maximize melatonin production, tryptophan intake and the timing of light exposure should be considered together (47).
Some tryptophan-rich foods you can incorporate into your breakfast are milk, cheese, eggs, meats, oat bran, soybeans, nuts and seeds.
11. Exercise Smartly
Physical activity is often considered beneficial to healthy sleep.
However, it is important to maintain a moderate-intensity exercise routine and not overdo it. Excessive training has been linked to poor sleep (52).
12. Get Comfortable
Having a comfy bed is important to good sleep.
The quality of your pillow is also crucial. It can affect your neck curve, temperature and comfort. A study determined that orthopedic pillows may be better than feather or memory foam pillows (61).
Additionally, the use of a weighted blanket could reduce body stress and help improve your sleep (62).
Lastly, the fabric of the clothes you wear to bed can affect how well you sleep. It is crucial you choose comfortable clothing made of fabric that could keep you at a pleasant temperature through the night (63).
13. Turn Off All Electronics
Using technology frequently has been shown to be bad for sleep quality.
It is recommended that you disconnect all electronics and put away computers and mobile phones so you can ensure a quiet place, free of distractions. You will be able to fall asleep much faster.
14. Try Aromatherapy
Aromatherapy is commonly used by those who have trouble falling asleep, as it may help with relaxation and sleep.
A systematic review of 12 studies revealed that the use of aromatherapy was effective in improving sleep quality (72).
An essential oil diffuser could be helpful in infusing your room with relaxing scents that encourage sleep.
15. Practice Journaling
Some people have difficulty falling asleep because their thoughts keep running in circles. Research has shown that this can produce anxiety and stress, which can generate negative emotions and disturb sleep (75).
Even stressful daytime thoughts and worries may affect sleep at night (76).
Research has shown that journaling and focusing on positive thoughts can calm the mind and help you sleep better.
In fact, a study of 41 college students found that journaling resulted in reduced bedtime worry and stress, increased sleep time and improved sleep quality (75).
Try practicing this technique by setting aside 15 minutes every night to write about your day. It is important to focus not only on the positive events of the day but also on how you feel at the time.
16. Limit Caffeine and Drink a Soothing Beverage
Caffeine is widely used among people to fight fatigue and stimulate alertness. It can be found in foods and beverages like chocolate, coffee, sodas and energy drinks.
Unfortunately, caffeine can negatively impact sleep. Research has shown that caffeine consumption may make it harder for you to fall asleep. It could also lead to shorter and poor quality sleep (80, 81).
Although the effects of caffeine vary from person to person, it is recommended that you refrain from consuming caffeine at least six hours before bedtime.
Instead, you could drink a soothing tea, which has been shown to promote sleep and relaxation (82).
Traditional teas like green and black tea have been shown to have good concentrations of L-theanine. Other teas that have shown positive effects on sleep are chamomile, passionflower and valerian (85, 86, 87).
However, green and black teas may have a relatively high content of caffeine, which could interfere with sleep. Therefore, it may be better to drink caffeine-free teas closer to bedtime (88).
17. Adjust Your Sleep Position
Good quality sleep may depend on your body position during the night.
There are three main sleeping positions: back, stomach or side. Traditionally, it was believed that back sleepers had a better quality of sleep.
However, research has shown that this might not be the best position to sleep in, as it could lead to blocked airways, sleep apnea and snoring (89).
In fact, a study done on 16 people determined that the participants who reported consistent poor sleep spent more time on their back and were awake longer than good sleepers (90).
Although individual preferences play an important role in choosing sleep position, the side position seems to be linked to high-quality sleep (91).
If you sleep on your side, you may benefit from placing a pillow between your legs for more back support.
If you sleep on your back, consider a good quality pillow that will support your neck. And, if you sleep on your stomach, it may be best to not use any pillow at all, so you do not strain your neck.
18. Practice Acupressure
A study treated a group of 28 elderly individuals with acupressure. Results showed that acupressure was effective at promoting longer and better sleep compared to the placebo and control group (94).
Similar results were seen in a study performed on end-stage kidney disease patients (95).
Acupressure seems to work by applying pressure for one to five minutes to each acupoint, three to seven times a week. This technique can be self-administered at home to improve your sleep (96).
19. Read Something
Reading could be a good activity to help you wind down before bed. At least for kids, it seems that bedtime reading may promote longer sleep (97).
However, it is important to understand the difference between reading an electronic book (Kindle or iPad) at bedtime and a traditional paper book.
Therefore, it is recommended to read from a physical book in order to relax and improve your sleep.
20. Force Yourself to Stay Awake
It is believed that if you go to bed and try to force yourself to fall asleep, your chances of falling asleep drop dramatically.
Instead, you can try "paradoxical intention." This technique recommends trying to stay awake instead of forcing yourself to sleep (100).
This technique is based on the idea that the stress and anxiety produced by forcing yourself to fall asleep can prevent you from relaxing and snoozing off.
A study showed that people who try this technique tend to fall asleep faster than those who try to fall asleep right away (101).
Thus, stop worrying about falling asleep right away. Instead, do not be in a rush to fall asleep and give yourself plenty of time to do so.
21. Visualize Your Happy Place
Instead of lying in bed worrying and thinking about stressful things, visualize a place that makes you feel happy and calm.
41 participants suffering from insomnia were able to fall asleep faster after they were instructed to use an "imaginary distraction" (102).
This technique helped them occupy their mind with good thoughts instead of engaging with worries and concerns during the pre-sleep time.
Picturing and concentrating on an environment that makes you feel peaceful and relaxed can take your mind away from the thoughts that keep you up at night.
22. Try Certain Supplements
Supplements can help improve your sleep quality.
They have been proven to encourage sleep either by boosting the production of sleep-promoting hormones or by calming brain activity.
Some of these supplements are:
- Magnesium: Magnesium helps activate the neurotransmitters responsible for sleep. Deficiency can cause insomnia, while supplements may promote restful sleep. Doses of 200–400 mg per day, taken with food, have been shown to improve sleep (103, 104).
- 5 HTP (5-hydroxytryptophan): 5-HTP intermediates the production of serotonin, which has been linked to the regulation of sleep. Doses of 300–500 mg per day, taken either once daily or in divided doses, seem to be effective in treating insomnia (105, 106).
- Melatonin: Melatonin is a hormone naturally produced by the body, but it can also be taken as a supplement to help regulate your sleep. Doses of 0.5–5 mg taken 30 minutes before bed seem to improve sleep quality (107).
- Theanine: Theanine is an amino acid with sedative properties. Although it has not been shown to induce sleep, it could help with relaxation. Doses of 200 mg per day seem to help (108).
- GABA (gamma-aminobutyric acid): GABA is a compound produced in the brain that inhibits certain transmitters and may help the central nervous system relax. Doses of 250–500 mg and no more than 1,000 mg are recommended (109).
The Bottom Line
Having trouble falling and staying asleep is not only frustrating, but it could also affect your mental and physical health.
Fortunately, many easy and practical methods have been proven to promote quality sleep.
They include a well-balanced diet, making your bedroom comfortable and free of distractions, practicing yoga or meditation, reading and drinking herbal tea.
There are also certain foods and supplements that may help relax your body and mind.
At the end of the day, using some of these techniques can greatly enhance your sleep.