Instant coffee is very popular in many areas of the world.
It may even account for more than 50% of all coffee consumption in some countries.
Instant coffee is also faster, cheaper, and easier to make than regular coffee.
This article explains everything you need to know about instant coffee and its health effects.
What is instant coffee?
Instant coffee is a type of coffee made from dried coffee extract.
Similarly to how regular coffee is brewed, the extract is made by brewing ground coffee beans, although it’s more concentrated.
After brewing, the water is removed from the extract to make dry fragments or powder, both of which dissolve when added to water.
There are two main ways to make instant coffee:
- Spray-drying. Coffee extract is sprayed into hot air, which quickly dries the droplets and turns them into fine powder or small pieces.
- Freeze-drying. The coffee extract is frozen and cut into small fragments, which are then dried at a low temperature under vacuum conditions.
Both methods preserve the quality, aroma, and flavor of the coffee.
The most common way to prepare instant coffee is to add one teaspoon of powder to a cup of hot water.
The strength of the coffee can easily be adjusted by adding more or less powder to your cup.
Instant coffee is made from brewed coffee that has had the water removed. To make instant coffee, simply add one teaspoon of powder to a cup of warm water.
Instant coffee contains antioxidants and nutrients
Its high antioxidant content is believed to be responsible for many of its associated health benefits (
According to one study, instant coffee may contain even higher amounts of certain antioxidants than other brews, due to the way it is processed (
Instant coffee is full of powerful antioxidants. It may even contain higher amounts of some antioxidants than other types of coffee.
Instant coffee contains slightly less caffeine
Caffeine is the most widely consumed stimulant in the world, and coffee is its biggest dietary source (
However, instant coffee generally contains slightly less caffeine than regular coffee.
Since sensitivity to caffeine varies by individual, instant coffee may be a better choice for those who need to cut back on caffeine (
Instant coffee is also available in decaf, which contains even less caffeine.
A cup of instant coffee containing one teaspoon of powder generally contains 30–90 mg of caffeine, while regular coffee contains 70–140 mg per cup.
Instant coffee contains more acrylamide
This chemical is also commonly found in a wide range of foods, smoke, household items, and personal care products (
Therefore, drinking instant coffee should not cause concern regarding acrylamide exposure.
Instant coffee contains up to twice as much acrylamide as regular coffee, but this amount is still lower than the amount considered to be harmful.
Like regular coffee, instant coffee may have several health benefits
Drinking coffee has been linked to many health benefits.
Given that instant coffee contains the same antioxidants and nutrients as regular coffee, it should provide most of the same health effects.
Drinking instant coffee may:
- Enhance brain function. Its caffeine content can improve brain function (28).
- Boost metabolism. Its caffeine may increase metabolism and help you burn more fat (
29, 30, 31).
- Reduce disease risk. Coffee may reduce the risk of neurodegenerative diseases, such as Alzheimer’s and Parkinson’s (
32, 33, 34).
- Decrease diabetes risk. Coffee may help reduce the risk of developing type 2 diabetes (
35, 36, 37).
- Improve liver health. Coffee and caffeine may reduce the risk of liver diseases like cirrhosis and liver cancer (
38, 39, 40).
- Improve mental health. Coffee may help lower the risk of depression and suicide (
- Promote longevity. Drinking coffee may help you live longer (
43, 44, 45).
However, it’s important to keep in mind that many of these studies were observational.
These types of studies can’t prove that coffee causes a reduced risk of disease — only that people who habitually drink coffee are less likely to develop disease.
Instant coffee offers most of the same health benefits as regular coffee, including a reduced risk of type 2 diabetes and liver disease.
The bottom line
Instant coffee is quick, easy, and doesn’t require a coffee maker. It also has a very long shelf life and is cheaper than regular coffee.
Therefore, it may be very handy when you’re traveling or on the go.
Instant coffee contains slightly less caffeine and more acrylamide than regular coffee, but it contains most of the same antioxidants.
Overall, instant coffee is a healthy, low-calorie beverage that is linked to the same health benefits as other types of coffee.