Pomegranates are a beautiful, red fruit filled with seeds.

In fact, the term “granate” is derived from the Medieval Latin “granatum,” meaning “many-seeded” or “containing grains.”

The seeds comprise around 3% of the weight of a pomegranate. Each seed is encased in a sweet and juicy covering known as an aril.

While the seeds themselves are hard and fibrous, you might be missing out on some health benefits if you discarded them.

This article tells you everything you need to know about pomegranate seeds.

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Eating pomegranate or drinking its juice has been linked to several health benefits.

Pomegranate seeds may have value, too.

Nutrients

Many of the nutrients in pomegranates come from the arils, but the seeds themselves provide a few nutrients as well.

Studies show they’re particularly high in vitamin E and magnesium (1, 2).

Fiber

Pomegranate seeds are rich in fiber. According to one study, flour made from these seeds boasts about 50% fiber (3).

The main types of fiber in pomegranate seeds are cellulose and lignin (4).

Both cellulose and lignin are insoluble and pass through your digestive system largely unchanged. Interestingly, they’re the main constituents of wood (5).

The seeds are safe for most people to eat, although excessive intake may cause intestinal blockage in rare cases. This risk is greater for people with chronic constipation (6).

Antioxidants

Like all fruit components, pomegranate seeds contain antioxidants. However, they’re not as rich in antioxidants as the arils (1).

The seeds contain various phenolic acids and polyphenols, including flavonoids, tannins, and lignans (7, 8).

Unique fatty acids

Pomegranate seeds comprise around 12–20% seed oil. This oil mainly consists of punicic acid, a polyunsaturated fat (1, 9).

Studies in rats and mice suggest that punicic acid may reduce inflammation, improve insulin sensitivity, and promote weight loss (10, 11).

While these preliminary results are promising, human research is needed.

SUMMARY Pomegranate seeds are rich in fiber, antioxidants, and fatty acids that may benefit your health. They are also a good source of vitamin E and magnesium.

Pomegranate seeds are different from the arils, which are the sweet, juice-filled pulps that this fruit is known for.

The seeds themselves appear to be perfectly edible.

They are a good source of antioxidants, insoluble fiber, and punicic acid. Animal studies suggest that this unique acid provides anti-inflammatory effects.

While no evidence indicates that pomegranate seeds are unhealthy, a very high intake may increase the risk of intestinal blockage in people with severe, chronic constipation.