Many people are familiar with the sweet, tropical fruit that comes from mango trees, but you may not realize that the leaves of mango trees are edible as well.
Young green mango leaves are very tender, so they’re cooked and eaten in some cultures. Because the leaves are considered very nutritious, they’re also used to make tea and supplements.
Although the stem, bark, leaves, roots, and fruit are likewise used in traditional medicine, the leaves in particular are believed to help treat diabetes and other health conditions (
Here are 8 emerging benefits and uses of mango leaves, backed by science.
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Mango leaves contain several beneficial plant compounds, including polyphenols and terpenoids (
Meanwhile, polyphenols have antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties. Some research suggests that they improve gut bacteria and help treat or prevent conditions like obesity, diabetes, heart disease, and cancer (
Studies have investigated it as an anti-microbial agent and potential treatment for tumors, diabetes, heart disease, and fat digestion abnormalities (
Still, further human research is needed (
Mango leaves are rich in terpenoids and polyphenols, which are plant compounds that may protect against disease and fight inflammation in your body.
While inflammation is part of your body’s normal immune response, chronic inflammation can increase your risk of various diseases.
Animal studies suggest that mango leaves’ anti-inflammatory properties may even protect your brain from conditions like Alzheimer’s or Parkinson’s.
In one study, mango leaf extract given to rats at 2.3 mg per pound of body weight (5 mg per kg) helped counteract artificially induced oxidative and inflammatory biomarkers in the brain (
All the same, human studies are needed (
Mango leaves may have anti-inflammatory effects, which may even protect brain health. Still, research in humans is lacking.
Mango leaf extract may help manage obesity, diabetes, and metabolic syndrome by interfering with fat metabolism (
Multiple animal studies have found that mango leaf extract inhibits fat accumulation in tissue cells. Another study in mice shows that cells treated with a mango leaf extract had lower levels of fat deposits and higher levels of adiponectin (
In a study in rats with obesity, those fed mango leaf tea in addition to a high fat diet gained less abdominal fat than those given only the high fat diet (
In a 12-week study in 97 adults with excess weight, those given 150 mg of mangiferin daily had lower fat levels in their blood and scored significantly better on an insulin resistance index than did those given a placebo (
Lower insulin resistance suggests improved diabetes management.
All the same, more human studies are needed.
Some research suggests that mango leaf extract may help regulate fat metabolism, thus protecting against fat gain and obesity.
Mango leaf may help manage diabetes due to its effects on fat metabolism.
One study gave mango leaf extract to mice. After 2 weeks, they showed significantly lower triglyceride and blood sugar levels (
A study in rats found that administering 45 mg per pound of body weight (100 mg per kg) of mango leaf extract reduced hyperlipidemia, a condition marked by unusually high levels of triglycerides and cholesterol (
In a study that compared mango leaf extract and the oral diabetes drug glibenclamide in rats with diabetes, those given the extract had significantly lower blood sugar levels than the glibenclamide group after 2 weeks (
All the same, human studies are lacking.
Mango leaf extract may help manage diabetes due to its effects on blood sugar and triglycerides, but more research is necessary.
Test-tube studies suggest specific effects against leukemia and lung, brain, breast, cervix, and prostate cancers (
What’s more, mango bark exhibits strong anticancer potential due to its lignans, which are another type of polyphenol (
Keep in mind that these results are preliminary and that mango leaves should not be considered a cancer treatment.
Emerging research suggests that certain mango leaf compounds may combat cancer. However, more studies are needed.
A study in rodents found that orally administering mango leaf extract at 113–454 mg per pound (250–1,000 mg per kg) of body weight decreased the number of stomach lesions (
Another rodent study found similar results, with mangiferin significantly improving digestive damage (
Still, human studies are lacking.
Animal research indicates that mango leaf may treat stomach ulcers and other digestive conditions, but more studies are needed.
Mango leaf extract may reduce signs of skin aging due to its antioxidant content (
Keep in mind that this extract was a general mango extract, not one specific to mango leaves.
Mangiferin has also been studied for psoriasis, a skin condition that causes itchy, dry patches. A test-tube study using human skin confirmed that this polyphenol encouraged wound healing (
Overall, human research is necessary.
The antioxidants and polyphenols in mango leaves may delay some of the effects of skin aging and treat certain skin conditions, though more studies are needed.
Mango leaves are said to promote hair growth, and mango leaf extract may be used in some hair products.
Yet, there’s little scientific evidence to support these claims.
Studies in humans are needed.
Because mango leaves are packed with antioxidants, they may safeguard your hair follicles from harm.
While mango leaves can be eaten fresh, one of the most common ways to consume them is in tea.
To prepare your own mango leaf tea at home, boil 10–15 fresh mango leaves in 2/3 cups (150 mL) of water.
If fresh leaves aren’t available, you can purchase mango leaf tea bags and loose leaf tea.
What’s more, mango leaf is available as a powder, extract, and supplement. The powder can be diluted in water and drunk, used in skin ointments, or sprinkled in bathwater.
Additionally, a mango leaf capsule called Zynamite comprises 60% or more mangiferin. The recommended dosage is 140–200 mg 1–2 times daily (42).
Still, due to a lack of safety studies, it’s best to consult your healthcare provider before taking mango supplements.
Mango leaves can be infused into tea or consumed as a powder. You can eat the fresh leaves if they’re available in your area. It’s best to talk to a health professional before taking supplements.
Mango leaf powder and tea are considered safe for human consumption.
Still, it’s best to check with your healthcare provider to discuss dosage and any possible interactions with other medications before taking any form of mango leaf.
Mango leaf products are generally considered safe for human consumption.
Mango leaves are packed with several antioxidants and plant compounds.
Though research is preliminary, the leaf of this tropical fruit may have benefits for skin health, digestion, and obesity.
In some places, it’s common to eat cooked mango leaves. However, in the West, they’re most often consumed as a tea or supplement.