Having high triglyceride levels can increase your risk of heart disease. Limiting the amount of sugar, carbs, and trans fats you eat, along with regular exercise and other dietary changes, may help decrease your triglyceride levels.

Triglycerides are a type of fat found in your blood. After you eat, your body converts the calories that you don’t need into triglycerides and stores them in your fat cells to be used for energy later.

While triglycerides are an important energy supply for your body, having too many triglycerides in your blood can increase your risk of heart disease.

About 25.9% of adults in the United States have elevated blood triglycerides, which is classified as having triglyceride levels over 150 mg/dL.

Having obesity or unmanaged diabetes, regularly drinking alcohol, and following a high calorie diet can all contribute to high blood triglyceride levels.

You can lower your triglyceride levels through various dietary and lifestyle changes.

Whenever you eat more calories than your body needs, it turns those calories into triglycerides and stores them in fat cells.

Working toward a moderate body weight by consuming fewer excess calories can be an effective way to lower your blood triglyceride levels.

In fact, research has shown that losing even 5–10% of your body weight can significantly reduce your triglyceride levels.

While the American Heart Association recommends consuming no more than 100–150 calories of added sugar per day, one study found that the average American eats about 308 calories of added sugar daily.

Added sugar is commonly found in sweets, soft drinks, and fruit juice.

Extra sugar in your diet may be turned into triglycerides, which can lead to an increase in blood triglyceride levels, along with other heart disease risk factors.

A 2020 review that included data on 6,730 people found that those who consumed sugar-sweetened beverages regularly were over 50% more likely to have high triglycerides than those who did not.

Another study found that consuming high amounts of added sugar is also associated with higher blood triglyceride levels in children.

Fortunately, several studies have shown that low carb diets can lead to a decrease in blood triglyceride levels.

Even a slight change, such as replacing sugar-sweetened beverages with water, could decrease triglycerides in some people.

Much like added sugar, extra calories from carbs in your diet are converted into triglycerides and stored in fat cells.

Not surprisingly, low carb diets have been linked to lower blood triglyceride levels.

A review of 12 randomized controlled trials found that people following reduced carb diets typically saw a reduction in triglyceride levels at 6, 12, and 24 months.

Across these studies, triglyceride levels decreased the most 6 months after starting a reduced calorie diet.

A 2020 review compared low fat and low carb diets. Researchers found that 6–12 months after starting their relative diets, those on the low carb diet had greater decreases in triglyceride levels than those on a low fat diet.

Dietary fiber is found naturally in fruits, vegetables, and whole grains. It’s also found in many other plant sources, including nuts, seeds, cereals, and legumes.

Including more fiber in your diet can slow the absorption of fat and sugar in your small intestine, helping decrease your triglyceride levels.

According to one study, including 117 adults with overweight or obesity, eating more dietary fiber was linked to lower triglyceride levels.

Another small study in adolescents found that consuming a high fiber cereal alongside a breakfast high in fat reduced post-meal triglyceride increases by 50%.

When paired with weight loss, studies show that aerobic exercise is especially effective at decreasing triglycerides.

The American Heart Association recommends getting at least 30 minutes of aerobic exercise 5 days per week through activities like walking, jogging, bicycling, and swimming.

The benefits of exercise on triglycerides are most apparent in long-term exercise regimens. One study in people with heart disease showed that exercising for 45 minutes 5 times per week led to a significant decline in blood triglycerides.

All exercise helps reduce triglyceride levels. However, some research has found that exercising at a higher intensity for a shorter amount of time is more effective than exercising at a moderate intensity for longer periods.

Artificial trans fats are added to processed foods to increase their shelf life.

Trans fats are commonly found in commercially fried foods and baked goods made with partially hydrogenated oils. They can also be found in small amounts in some animal products.

In recent years, the addition of trans fats to food has been banned in the United States.

Due to their inflammatory properties, trans fats have been attributed to many health problems, including increased LDL (“bad”) cholesterol levels and heart disease.

One review of 16 studies reported that replacing trans fats with polyunsaturated fats in the diet could help reduce triglyceride levels.

Fatty fish is well known for its benefits on heart health and ability to lower blood triglycerides.

This is mostly due to its content of omega-3 fatty acids, a type of polyunsaturated fatty acid that is considered essential, meaning you need to get it through your diet.

Both the Dietary Guidelines for Americans and the American Heart Association recommend eating two servings of fatty fish per week to reduce the risk of heart disease and stroke.

One 2016 study showed that eating salmon twice weekly significantly decreased blood triglyceride concentration.

Salmon, herring, sardines, tuna, and mackerel are a few types of fish that are especially high in omega-3 fatty acids.

Studies show that monounsaturated and polyunsaturated fats can reduce blood triglyceride levels, especially when they’re replacing carbs in your diet.

Monounsaturated fats are found in foods like olive oil, nuts, and avocados. Polyunsaturated fats are present in vegetable oils and fatty fish, as well as nuts and seeds such as walnuts, flaxseeds, and chia seeds.

A 2019 review of 27 studies reported that while olive oil consumption does decrease triglyceride levels, it does so significantly less than other types of plant oil.

One older study analyzed the diets of 452 adults in a specific population of Indigenous people in Alaska over the previous 24 hours.

It found that saturated fat intake was associated with increased blood triglycerides, while polyunsaturated fat intake was associated with lower triglyceride levels.

To maximize the triglyceride-lowering benefits of unsaturated fats, pick a heart-healthy fat like olive oil and use it to replace other types of fat in your diet, such as trans fats or highly processed vegetable oils.

Insulin resistance is another factor that can contribute to high blood triglycerides.

After you eat a meal, the cells in your pancreas send a signal to release insulin into the bloodstream. Insulin is then responsible for transporting sugar to your cells to be used for energy.

If you have too much insulin in your blood, your body can become resistant to it, making it difficult for your body to use insulin effectively. This can lead to a buildup of both sugar and triglycerides in the blood.

Setting a regular eating pattern can help prevent insulin resistance and high triglycerides. For instance, research shows that not eating breakfast can lead to decreased insulin sensitivity.

An American Heart Association statement suggested that irregular eating patterns seemed less likely to achieve healthy cardiometabolic levels. They recommended intentional eating at regular times.

However, the evidence is mixed when it comes to meal frequency.

A 2013 study demonstrated that eating three meals per day significantly decreased triglycerides compared with eating six meals per day.

However, multiple other studies suggest that changes in meal frequency don’t significantly affect triglyceride concentration.

Regardless of how many meals you’re eating daily, eating regular meals can improve insulin sensitivity and lower blood triglyceride levels.

Alcoholic beverages are often high in sugar, carbs, and calories. If these calories remain unused, they can be converted into triglycerides and stored in fat cells.

Additionally, alcohol can increase the synthesis of large, very low-density lipoproteins in the liver, which carry triglycerides into your system.

Although a variety of factors come into play, some studies show that moderate alcohol consumption can increase blood triglycerides by up to 53%, even if your triglyceride levels are normal to begin with.

That said, other research has linked light to moderate alcohol consumption to a reduced risk of heart disease while linking binge drinking to an increased risk.

Soy is rich in isoflavones, which are a type of plant compound with numerous health benefits. While widely known for its role in lowering LDL (“bad”) cholesterol, soy protein has been shown to reduce blood triglyceride levels.

One review of 46 studies found that regular consumption of soy protein was linked to significantly lower triglyceride levels in postmenopausal women.

Soy protein can be found in foods like soybeans (edamame), tofu, tempeh, and soy milk.

Tree nuts provide a concentrated dose of fiber, omega-3 fatty acids, and unsaturated fats, all of which work together to lower blood triglycerides.

One analysis of 61 studies showed that each daily serving of tree nuts decreased triglycerides by an average of 2.2 mg/dL (0.06 mmol/L).

Another review of 49 studies showed that eating tree nuts is associated with a modest decrease in blood triglycerides.

Tree nuts include:

  • almonds
  • pecans
  • walnuts
  • cashews
  • pistachios
  • Brazil nuts
  • macadamia nuts

However, keep in mind that nuts are high in calories. A single serving of almonds, or about 23 almonds, contains around 164 calories, so moderation is key.

Most studies have found the greatest health benefits in individuals who consumed 3–7 servings of nuts per week.

Several natural supplements could have the potential to lower blood triglycerides. Always consult a doctor before starting any supplements, as they can interact with other medications.

Note especially that the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) does not regulate supplements in the same way as it regulates pharmaceuticals, and supplement quality can vary widely.

Below are a few of the main supplements that have been studied:

  • Fish oil: Well known for its potent effects on heart health, fish oil is rich in omega-3 fatty acids, which have been shown to decrease triglycerides and several other risk factors for heart disease.
  • Fenugreek: Though traditionally used to stimulate milk production, fenugreek seeds have also been shown to be effective at reducing blood triglycerides.
  • Vitamin D: Research has shown that vitamin D supplementation can help reduce overall triglyceride levels.
  • Curcumin: One review of seven studies found that supplementing with curcumin could cause a significant drop in triglyceride and LDL (“bad”) cholesterol levels.

Dietary and lifestyle factors can have a major influence on your triglyceride levels.

Eating healthy, unsaturated fats instead of trans fats, decreasing your intake of carbs and added sugars, and exercising regularly are a few strategies that can help lower your blood triglycerides.

With a few lifestyle modifications, you can decrease your triglycerides and improve your overall health at the same time.

There’s no need to completely change your diet and lifestyle overnight. Try experimenting with a few of the tips listed above and gradually incorporating other strategies into your routine to make more long lasting, sustainable changes that are easier to stick to.

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