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Whey protein is among the best studied supplements in the world, for good reason. It has a very high nutritional value, and scientific studies have revealed numerous health benefits.
Here are 10 health benefits of whey protein supported by human studies.
Whey is a liquid that separates from milk during cheese production. The protein part of whey is called whey protein.
It is a complete, high quality protein that contains all of the essential amino acids. In addition, it is very digestible, absorbed from your gut quickly compared with other types of protein (
These qualities make it one of the best dietary sources of protein available.
There are three main types of whey protein powder:
- concentrate (WPC)
- isolate (WPI)
- hydrolysate (WPH)
Concentrate is the most common type, and it is also the cheapest.
As a dietary supplement, whey protein is widely popular among bodybuilders, athletes, and others who want additional protein in their diet.
Whey protein has a very high nutritional value, and it is one of the best dietary sources of high quality protein. It is highly digestible and absorbed quickly compared to other proteins.
Muscle mass naturally declines with age.
This usually leads to fat gain and raises the risk of many chronic diseases.
However, this adverse change in body composition can be partly slowed, prevented, or reversed with a combination of strength training and adequate diet.
Particularly effective are high quality protein sources, such as whey.
Whey is rich in a branched-chain amino acid called leucine. Leucine is the most growth-promoting (anabolic) of the amino acids (
For this reason, whey protein is effective for the prevention of age-related muscle loss, as well as for improved strength (
However, unless your diet is already lacking in protein, supplements probably won’t make a big difference.
Whey protein is excellent for promoting muscle growth and maintenance when coupled with strength training.
Abnormally high blood pressure (hypertension) is one of the leading risk factors for heart disease.
A limited number of human studies have investigated the effect of whey proteins on blood pressure, and many experts consider the evidence to be inconclusive.
One study in overweight individuals showed that whey protein supplementation, 54 g/day for 12 weeks, lowered systolic blood pressure by 4%. Other milk proteins (casein) had similar effects (
This is supported by another study that found significant effects when participants were given whey protein concentrate (22 g/day) for 6 weeks.
However, blood pressure decreased only in those that had high or slightly elevated blood pressure to begin with (18).
No significant effects on blood pressure were detected in a study that used much lower amounts of whey protein (less than 3.25 g/day) mixed in a milk drink (
Whey proteins may lower blood pressure in people with elevated blood pressure. This is due to bioactive peptides called lactokinins.
Type 2 diabetes is a chronic disease characterized by high blood sugar and impaired function of insulin.
Insulin is a hormone that is supposed to stimulate the uptake of blood sugar into cells, keeping it within healthy limits.
These properties of whey protein may even be comparable to those of medications for diabetes, such as sulfonylurea (
As a result, whey protein can be effectively used as a supplementary treatment for type 2 diabetes.
Taking a whey protein supplement before or with a high-carb meal has been shown to moderate blood sugar in both healthy people and those with type 2 diabetes (
Whey protein is effective at moderating blood sugar levels, especially when taken before or with high carb meals. It may be particularly useful for people with type 2 diabetes.
Inflammation is part of the body’s response to damage. Short-term inflammation can be beneficial, but under certain circumstances it may become chronic.
Chronic inflammation can be harmful, and it is a risk factor for many diseases. It may reflect underlying health conditions or lifestyle habits that hurt your health.
A large review study found that high doses (greater than or equal to 20 grams/day) of whey protein supplements significantly reduced C-reactive protein (CRP), a key marker of inflammation in the body (
High doses of whey protein have been shown to reduce blood levels of C-reactive protein, indicating that it can help reduce inflammation.
Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) is a condition characterized by chronic inflammation in the lining of the digestive tract. It is a collective term for Crohn’s disease and ulcerative colitis.
However, the available evidence is weak and further studies are needed before any strong claims can be made.
Whey protein supplements may have beneficial effects on IBD.
Antioxidants are substances that act against oxidation in the body. This means they reduce oxidative stress and lower the risk of various chronic diseases.
One of the most important antioxidants in humans is glutathione. Unlike most antioxidants, which you get from your diet, glutathione is produced by your body.
In the body, glutathione production depends on the supply of several amino acids, such as cysteine, which is sometimes of limited supply.
Whey protein supplementation may strengthen the body’s antioxidant defenses by promoting the formation of glutathione, one of the body’s main antioxidants.
High cholesterol, especially LDL (bad) cholesterol, is a risk factor for heart disease.
In one study in overweight individuals, 65 grams of whey protein per day, for 12 weeks, led to a significant reduction in total and LDL cholesterol (17).
The lack of effect might be due to differences in study design. Ultimately, further studies are needed before any conclusions can be made.
Long-term, high dose whey protein supplementation may lower cholesterol levels. The evidence is very limited at this point.
Satiety is a term used to describe the feeling of fullness we experience after eating a meal. It is the opposite of appetite and hunger, and it should suppress cravings for food and the desire to eat.
Protein is by far the most filling of the three macronutrients (
These properties make it particularly useful for those who need to eat fewer calories and lose weight.
Whey protein is very satiating (filling), even more so than other types of protein. This makes it a useful addition to a weight loss diet.
- suppressing appetite, leading to reduced calorie intake (
- boosting metabolism, helping you burn more calories (
- helping to maintain muscle mass when losing weight (
Eating plenty of protein is a very effective way to lose weight, and some studies show that whey protein may have even greater effects than other types of protein.
Whey protein is very easy to incorporate into your diet.
A commonly recommended dosage is 25-50 grams per day (1-2 scoops), but some products will include other recommendations on the packaging.
Keep in mind that taking too much protein is not beneficial. Excessive consumption may also cause digestive problems, such as:
However, moderate consumption of whey protein supplements is well tolerated by most people, with a few exceptions.
If you are lactose intolerant, whey protein hydrolysate or isolate may be more suitable than concentrate. If you have ever had liver or kidney problems, consult with a doctor before taking a protein supplement.
At the end of the day, whey protein is not just a convenient way to boost your protein intake; it may have some powerful health benefits as well.