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A urinary tract infection (UTI) can cause a range of symptoms and knock you off your feet. While antibiotics are the most effective treatment for a UTI, you can use these home remedies to help manage your symptoms.

A UTI can cause symptoms like bloody urine and pain in the lower abdomen or pelvic region.

These infections are responsible for roughly 8 million doctor visits each year. They’re the second most common type of infection to occur in the human body, developing more often in women than men.

Wondering how to get rid of a UTI? Read on to learn about the research behind at-home and over-the-counter (OTC) treatments.

A note on gender

We use “women” and “men” in this article to reflect the terms that have been historically used to gender people. But your gender identity may not align with how your body responds to this disease.

A doctor can better help you understand how your specific circumstances will translate into diagnosis, symptoms, and treatment.

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Until there are more advancements in UTI treatment, antibiotics remain the most effective standard treatment. If left untreated, UTIs can lead to serious complications and health problems.

Sometimes, antibiotics may become less effective over time, a phenomenon known as antibiotic resistance. In that case, work with a doctor on the best treatment plan for symptom relief.

In addition to antibiotics, some home remedies may help ease symptoms and prevent reoccurring infections.

Antibiotic resistance 101

  • When certain antibiotics are prescribed repeatedly, the targeted bacteria can grow resistant to the treatment.
  • At least 2 million people per year in the United States contract antibiotic-resistant bacteria.
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Try cranberries

Cranberries may contain an ingredient that stops bacteria from attaching to the walls of the urinary tract.

Specifically, a 2023 study found that compounds called proanthocyanidins may prevent Escherichia coli (E. coli) from binding with cells in the bladder.

Though the existing body of evidence is inconclusive, some studies suggest that you might be able to reduce your risk of UTIs with cranberry products, including unsweetened cranberry juice, cranberry supplements, or dried cranberries.

Other studies have noted that the use of cranberries to prevent UTIs doesn’t produce consistent results, so more research is needed.

If you’re interested in trying cranberries to support urinary tract health, consider 365 by Whole Foods Market, Organic 100% Pure Cranberry Juice. This organic option contains no added sugar.

Whole Foods Market Organic 100% Pure Cranberry Juice
Spring Valley Cranberry Extract Capsules

Drink plenty of water

Although urinating can be painful when you have a UTI, it’s important to drink as many fluids as possible — particularly water. Most adults should aim to drink between six and eight 8-ounce glasses of water per day.

The more you drink, the more you’ll urinate, which can help flush harmful bacteria from the urinary tract.

Pee when you need to

Holding your urine or ignoring the urge to urinate can allow bacteria to multiply in your urinary tract. As a rule of thumb, always use the bathroom when you feel the urge.

It’s also important to make sure you’re fully emptying your bladder when you urinate. As well, always make sure to urinate after sex, especially if you have a vagina. If you do, it’s also important to wipe front to back after you urinate.

Take probiotics

Probiotics promote healthy digestion and immunity. They also may be effective in treating and preventing UTIs when used alongside standard antibiotic therapy.

With a UTI, bad bacteria replace good bacteria in the urogenital system, especially those of one group called Lactobacillus, notes a 2023 study. Probiotics can restore good bacteria and might reduce the recurrence of a UTI.

Though some research suggests that probiotics may be effective in UTI prevention and treatment, more studies are needed.

If you’re interested in trying probiotics for urinary tract health, consider Uqora Promote Daily Probiotic supplement, a capsule designed to promote vaginal health, which in turn supports the health of the urinary tract. Read our full review of Uqora, a company that focuses on developing natural supplements for UTI prevention.

Uqora Promote Capsules
Love Wellness Good Girl Probiotic Capsules

Get more vitamin C

Increasing your intake of vitamin C may help boost your immune system.

But some research has found conflicting evidence for the effectiveness of vitamin C in treating UTIs, noting that not enough studies have been done to support this treatment.

Care/of Vitamin C
Persona Iron with Vitamin C

Wear loose clothing

Wearing cotton-lined and loose-fitting clothing may ease symptoms of an existing UTI infection by helping to keep the area dry and clean.

Tight-fitting clothing and certain types of fabric can trap moisture that allows bacteria to grow in the genital area, which could worsen the infection.

Consider switching birth control

Some older research suggests that certain contraceptives may contribute to the cause of UTIs in some women.

One 2023 study involving more than 24,000 cases found that there may be a small increase in the risk of UTIs with the use of contraceptives, specifically oral contraceptives, intrauterine devices, or injections. With that said, scientists have not determined the cause, and more research is needed.

If you use contraceptives and get frequent UTIs, it may be worth talking with a doctor to consider other methods of birth control.

You can easily obtain prescription birth control through online birth control services, where you can speak with a doctor to find the right option for you. These services vary in price and offerings, and they can be a discreet, convenient way to get the consultation and protection you need.

Here are some of our favorite telehealth platforms that offer birth control prescriptions and consultations:

Nurx Birth Control
Lemonaid Birth Control

Use a heating pad

Applying a heating pad to your lower abdomen can help ease some of the discomfort that comes with a UTI and reduce frequent trips to the bathroom that can cause painful burning.

If you’re experiencing severe pain that doesn’t let up even with at-home methods, it’s probably best to consult a doctor about your symptoms.

Comfytemp Weighted Heating Pad for Neck and Shoulders
Sunbeam Heating Pad for Neck and Shoulder Pain Relief
MethodHow it works
Try cranberriesdrink unsweetened cranberry juice, take cranberry supplements, or eat dried cranberriesmay keep bacteria from adhering to cells in your urinary tract
Drink plenty of wateraim to drink between six and eight 8-ounce glasses of water per daystaying hydrated may help flush bacteria from the urinary tract
Pee when you need toavoid holding your urine and fully empty your bladder when you peeprevents bacteria from multiplying in your urinary tract
Take probioticsadd a daily Lactobacillus probiotic to your routinemay help prevent bacterial growth, but research doesn’t overwhelmingly support the use of probiotics to prevent UTIs
Get more vitamin Cup your intake of vitamin C by eating more citrus and leafy greens or taking a vitamin C supplementmay help boost the immune system, but research doesn’t overwhelmingly support the use of vitamin C to prevent UTIs
Wear loose clothingavoid tight clothing and synthetic fabricstight clothes and synthetic fabrics can promote bacterial growth in the genital region
Consider switching birth controlswitch from diaphragms, spermicides, and nonlubricated condoms to another form of birth contrololder research suggests that some contraceptives may increase the likelihood of developing UTIs
Use a heating padapply a heating pad to your lower abdomenwhile a heating pad can’t cure a UTI, it can help with the discomfort

Some research has shown that UTIs may be treated without traditional antibiotics by targeting E. coli’s surface component for adhesion, FimH.

Typically, the urinary tract flushes away bacteria when you urinate. However, according to researchers, FimH can cause E. coli to firmly attach to the cells in the urinary tract, making it hard for the body to flush the bacteria from the urinary tract naturally.

If researchers can uncover a way to target this protein with other therapies, there may someday be other treatment options for UTIs besides antibiotics.


D-mannose is a sugar that sticks to E. coli. Recently, researchers have studied the possibility of using D-mannose and other mannose-containing substances to block the binding of FimH to the lining of the urinary tract.

One 2021 review concluded that D-mannose could help reduce the incidence of recurrent UTIs and improve quality of life.

A 2022 study found that patients who took D-mannose experienced symptom relief within 3 days, on par with the trial participants taking antibiotics.

Researchers in a 2023 randomized pilot study noted that D-mannose plus Saccharomyces boulardii, a probiotic, reduced the incidence of UTIs and lowered the severity of symptoms in patients with bladder cancer. We like this product from NOW Supplements, which has been vetted by our team.

More research is needed, but medications that use a mannose-containing substance could show promise for treating UTIs caused by E. coli.

You can find D-mannose supplements online and in your pharmacy supplement aisle. Another option is FemiClear Daily Urinary Tract Flush, a daily supplement that contains D-Mannose and additional antimicrobial ingredients.

Researchers have also tested immune-boosting drugs, which could help urinary tract cells become more resistant to infections.

The American Urological Association recommends vaginal estrogen as a nonantibiotic option for perimenopausal or postmenopausal women seeking to prevent recurrent infections.

Here are a few tips for keeping UTIs at bay.

Skip baths

The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) recommends taking showers instead of baths to help prevent UTIs. If you’re prone to frequent UTIs, you may want to swap your soothing soaks for luxurious showers.

Invest in a bidet

Wiping from front to back after going to the bathroom can help prevent the spread of bacteria to the urethra, but it can be tough to clean thoroughly with toilet paper alone. You can be clean without jumping in the shower by installing an inexpensive bidet attachment, like the LUXE Bidet Neo 120.

A bidet isn’t just a great option for cleaning up after going number two. You can use it to freshen up after sex or while having your period.

Wash your genital area properly

Proper washing doesn’t include douching or the use of scented products. These can irritate and exacerbate issues down there. Instead, choose a gentle cleanser, like Cetaphil, or wash with water alone.

Drink lots of water

The same advice for treating a UTI goes for preventing one. Drinking plenty of water regularly helps flush out nasty bacteria that can lead to infections.

What is a urinary tract infection?

A urinary tract infection is a type of infection that occurs when bacteria enter the urinary tract and multiply. This infection can affect one or more areas within the urinary tract, including the:

  • urethra
  • bladder
  • ureters
  • kidneys


UTIs can cause symptoms such as:

  • painful, burning sensation while urinating
  • frequent urge to urinate, often producing little urine
  • lower abdominal pain
  • urine leakage
  • cloudy or foul-smelling urine
  • bloody urine
  • lower back pain

If a UTI spreads to the kidneys, which is a serious infection, you may have symptoms like:

  • fever
  • upper back pain
  • nausea and vomiting


Though UTIs can affect anyone, they’re more common in women. The National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases estimates that 40–60% of women will have at least one UTI in their lifetime.

This is because people assigned female at birth have a shorter urethra, so it’s easier for bacteria to enter their bladder.

UTIs in men are often related to an enlarged prostate (benign prostatic hypertrophy) blocking the flow of urine. This allows bacteria to have an easier time occupying the urinary tract.

In almost 90% of cases, the bacterium E. coli is the cause of the UTI. When confined to the intestines (where it’s normally found), E. coli is harmless. But sometimes, this bacterium gets into the urinary tract and causes an infection.

The severity of the infection depends on multiple factors, including:

  • your immune system status
  • the bacterium causing the UTI
  • where in your urinary tract the UTI is occurring

Sex may trigger a UTI in women. This is because intercourse can move bacteria from the anal area toward the opening of the urethra. Women can lower their risk of infection by urinating after sexual activity.

Using spermicides, diaphragms, and condoms may also raise the risk of a UTI. The risk is higher in people with a weakened immune system as well.

UTI fast facts

  • UTIs are the second most common type of infection.
  • E. coli is the cause of most UTIs, but viruses and other germs can also cause them.
  • There are 8 million UTI-related doctor visits per year in the United States.
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Treatment for UTI relief

It’s standard for a doctor to prescribe antibiotics for UTI treatment.

After starting antibiotics therapy, symptoms usually improve within 2–4 days. Many doctors prescribe an antibiotic for at least 3 days.

If the UTIs don’t clear up after antibiotic therapy, it may mean that you need a different type of antibiotic.

Some telehealth companies can prescribe UTI treatments remotely and deliver medications straight to your door:

  • Wisp: This telehealth platform offers several preventive OTC UTI treatments, including probiotics and D-mannose capsules. You can also consult with a Wisp provider to see if antibiotics might be right for your situation.
  • Lemonaid Health: Lemonaid offers same-day pharmacy pickup for UTI treatments. Just answer a few health questions, select a pharmacy, and pay the $25 telehealth fee. A medical professional will review your answers within 24 hours and call you by phone or video before sending a prescription to your chosen pharmacy.
  • myLAB Box: This at-home test kit allows you to collect and test a urine sample in the comfort of your own home. If the test shows that you have a UTI, you can book a free virtual consultation with a healthcare professional through the company’s website to discuss your treatment options.

Why antibiotics sometimes don’t work

The overuse or misuse of antibiotics can contribute to antibiotic resistance, a growing problem that can make it more challenging to treat issues like recurrent UTIs. Because of this risk, experts have been looking for other ways to treat UTIs alongside antibiotics.

Talk with a doctor if you have symptoms of a UTI.

Though they are painful, with antibiotic treatment and home remedies, you can address the infection and stop the pain. With proper treatment, you should begin to feel better in a few days.

Take antibiotics as instructed to prevent complications or a secondary infection even after your symptoms improve.

If the UTI doesn’t resolve after antibiotic treatment or you end up with multiple episodes of a UTI, a doctor will likely do further testing.

This could be in the form of:

A doctor will be able to provide you with an evaluation tailored to your needs to make the right diagnosis and determine the proper therapy. In some cases, you may be referred to a urologist.

If you need help finding a primary care doctor, check out our FindCare tool.

Some serious risks can come from not treating a UTI.

The infection can sometimes spread to the kidneys and bloodstream, causing pyelonephritis. These kidney infections can lead to kidney damage and kidney scarring. If it escalates into sepsis, it can become life threatening.

Therefore, it’s important to talk with a doctor and seek treatment if you suspect you may have a UTI.

Research estimates that 25–42% of uncomplicated UTIs in women can go away on their own.

But keep in mind that there are risks associated with not treating UTIs, so it’s important to seek treatment from a healthcare professional as soon as possible.

You need to speak with a doctor or a licensed healthcare professional to be prescribed antibiotics for a UTI. This can usually be done in person, at the doctor, or over the phone.

If this is your first UTI or your symptoms are severe, it may be helpful to get treated in person. You may also want to consider an in-person visit with your healthcare professional to rule out sexually transmitted infections if you’re sexually active or have several sexual partners.

With antibiotic treatment, symptoms of a UTI typically improve within 2–4 days.
But this can vary depending on many factors, including how quickly you receive treatment, the severity of your infection, and whether any complications arise.

Keep in mind that the course of antibiotics should be completed for UTI symptoms to completely resolve and prevent recurrent infections.

Antibiotics are the fastest and most effective method for treating bacterial UTIs.

Sometimes, UTIs clear up on their own. It can take about a week for symptoms to subside.

There’s limited research on the effectiveness of UTI home remedies. If you’re experiencing symptoms of a UTI, especially if they’re severe, it’s important to consult with a doctor.

A short course of antibiotics is typically the first-line treatment for UTIs. But for chronic infections, a doctor might prescribe a long-term, low dose antibiotic.

UTIs can be very common. If you suspect you may have a UTI or are experiencing any symptoms, try these home remedies to alleviate any symptoms you’re experiencing. If they don’t get better or the symptoms seem worse, be sure to speak with a doctor to get a proper diagnosis and be prescribed antibiotics.