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A urinary tract infection (UTI) can knock you off your feet, causing a range of symptoms. You can use these home remedies to help manage those symptoms.
A urinary tract infection (UTI) can knock you off your feet,
These infections are responsible for roughly 8 million doctor visits each year and are the second most common type of infection to occur in the human body. They occur more often in women but can affect men as well.
Antibiotics are required to treat UTIs and can help speed up recovery, manage symptoms, and prevent complications. If left untreated, UTIs can lead to serious complications and health problems.
In addition to using antibiotics prescribed by a healthcare professional, there are several home remedies that may help ease symptoms and prevent a recurrence.
A note on gender
We use “women” and “men” in this article to reflect the terms that have been historically used to gender people. But your gender identity may not align with how your body responds to this disease.
Your doctor can better help you understand how your specific circumstances will translate into diagnosis, symptoms, and treatment.
A urinary tract infection is a type of infection that occurs when bacteria enter the urinary tract and multiply. This infection can affect one or more areas within the urinary tract, including the:
UTIs can cause symptoms, such as:
- painful, burning sensation while urinating
- frequent urge to urinate, often producing little urine
- lower abdominal pain
- urine leakage
- cloudy or foul-smelling urine
- bloody urine
- lower back pain
If a UTI spreads to the kidneys, which is a serious infection, you may have symptoms like:
- upper back pain
- nausea and vomiting
Though UTIs can affect anyone, they’re more common in women. In fact, the National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases estimates that
This is because people assigned female at birth have a shorter urethra, so it’s easier for bacteria to enter their bladder.
UTIs in men are often related to an enlarged prostate (benign prostatic hypertrophy) blocking the flow of urine. This allows bacteria to have an easier time occupying the urinary tract.
In almost 90% of cases, the bacterium Escherichia coli (E. coli) is the cause of the UTI. E. coli is normally found inside the intestines. When confined to the intestines, it’s harmless. But sometimes, this bacterium gets into the urinary tract and causes an infection.
Sex may trigger a UTI in women. This is because intercourse can move bacteria from the anal area to near the opening of the urethra. Women can lower their risk of infection by urinating after sexual activity.
Using spermicides, diaphragms, and condoms may also raise the risk of a UTI. The risk is higher in people with a weakened immune system as well.
UTI fast facts
- UTIs are the second most common type of infection.
- E. coli is the cause of most UTIs, but viruses and other germs can also cause them.
- There are 8 million UTI-related doctor visits per year in the United States.
Other home remedies to get rid of a UTI without antibiotics
Until there are more advancements in UTI treatment, antibiotics remain the most effective standard treatment.
Along with standard antibiotic therapy prescribed by a healthcare professional, you can try several home remedies to feel better sooner and reduce the likelihood of recurrent infections. Read on to learn about some alternative UTI treatments.
Cranberries may contain an ingredient that stops bacteria from attaching to the walls of the urinary tract.
Though research is inconclusive, some studies
But other studies have
If you’re interested in trying cranberries to support urinary tract health, consider 365 by Whole Foods Market, Organic 100% Pure Cranberry Juice. This organic option contains no added sugar.
Although urinating can be painful when you have a UTI, it’s important to drink as many fluids as possible — particularly water. Most adults should aim to drink between
The more you drink, the more you’ll urinate, which can help flush harmful bacteria from the urinary tract.
Holding your urine or ignoring the urge to urinate can allow bacteria to multiply in your urinary tract. As a rule of thumb, always use the bathroom when you feel the urge.
It’s also important to make sure you’re fully emptying your bladder when you urinate, and to always urinate after sex, especially if you have a vagina. If you do, it’s also important to wipe front to back after you urinate.
Probiotics promote healthy digestion and immunity. They also may be effective in treating and preventing UTIs when used alongside standard antibiotic therapy.
With a UTI, bad bacteria replace good bacteria in the urogenital system, especially those of one group called Lactobacillus. Probiotics can restore good bacteria and might reduce the recurrence of a UTI.
If you’re interested in trying probiotics for urinary tract health, consider Uqoura Promote Daily Probiotic supplement, a capsule designed to promote vaginal health, which in turn supports the health of the urinary tract.
UTI supplement options
Read our full review of Uqora, a company that focuses on developing natural supplements for UTI prevention.
Increasing your intake of vitamin C may help boost your immune system.
If you don’t love freshly squeezed orange juice, you can add a Nature’s Bounty Vitamin C caplet to your supplement routine. Each caplet contains 1,000 milligrams of vitamin C.
Wearing cotton-lined and loose-fitting clothing may ease symptoms of an existing UTI infection by helping to keep the area dry and clean.
Tight-fitting clothing and certain types of fabric
If you use diaphragms, spermicides, or nonlubricated condoms and get frequent UTIs, it may be worth talking with your doctor to consider other methods of birth control.
Prescription birth control can be easily obtained through online birth control services, where you can speak with a doctor to find the right option for you. These services vary in price and offerings and they can be a discreet, convenient way to get the consultation and protection you need.
Healthline’s picks for the best online birth control services
Here are some of our favorite telehealth platforms that offer birth control prescriptions and consultations:
Applying a heating pad to your lower abdomen can help ease some of the discomfort that comes with a UTI and reduce frequent trips to the bathroom that can cause painful burning.
If you’re experiencing severe pain that doesn’t let up even with at-home methods, it’s probably best to see a doctor about your symptoms.
A great heating pad option is the DMI Dry and Moist Heat Electric Heating Pad, which not only has an extra-long cord for convenience, but also features four heat options and automatic shutoff for safety.
- $ = under $10
- $$ = $10—$30
- $$$ = over $30
|Pricing||What it’s best for||Safety precautions|
|365 by Whole Foods Market, Organic 100% Pure Cranberry Juice||$||reducing the risk of UTIs||research on the link between cranberries and UTI prevention has been inconsistent|
|Uqoura Promote Daily Probiotic Supplement||$$||promoting vaginal health||research doesn’t overwhelmingly support the use of probiotics to prevent UTIs|
|Nature’s Bounty Vitamin C Caplet||$||boosting immune system to prevent infections||research doesn’t overwhelmingly support the use of vitamin C to prevent UTIs|
|DMI Dry and Moist Heat Electric Heating Pad||$$$||easing the physical discomfort of a UTI||severe pain should be addressed by a doctor|
Most UTIs aren’t serious if treated promptly with antibiotics. But if left untreated, the infection can spread up to the kidneys and bloodstream, and become life threatening. Kidney infections can lead to kidney damage and kidney scarring.
Symptoms of a UTI usually improve within
But some UTIs don’t clear up after antibiotic therapy, which may mean that a different type of antibiotic is required.
The overuse or misuse of antibiotics can also
Antibiotic resistance 101
- When certain antibiotics are prescribed repeatedly, the bacteria they target can grow resistant to them.
- At least
2 millionpeople per year in the United States contract antibiotic-resistant bacteria.
Some research has
Typically, the urinary tract flushes away bacteria when you urinate. But according to researchers, FimH can cause E. coli to firmly attach to the cells in the urinary tract, which can make it hard for the body to naturally flush the bacteria from the urinary tract.
If researchers can uncover a way to target this protein with other types of therapies, there may someday be other treatment options for UTIs, in addition to antibiotics.
D-mannose is a sugar that sticks to E. coli. Recently, researchers have studied the possibility of using D-mannose and other mannose-containing substances to block the binding of FimH to the lining of the urinary tract.
Researchers have also tested immune-boosting drugs, which could help urinary tract cells become more resistant to infections.
The American Urological Association (AUA) recommends vaginal estrogen as a nonantibiotic option for perimenopausal or postmenopausal women seeking to prevent recurrent infections.
Some research estimates that
But there are some serious risks that can come from leaving a UTI untreated, including pyelonephritis and sepsis. Therefore, it’s important to talk with your doctor and seek treatment if you suspect you may have a UTI.
Here are a few tips for keeping UTIs at bay.
Invest in a bidet
Wiping from front to back after going to the bathroom can help prevent the spread of bacteria to the urethra, but it can be tough to clean thoroughly with toilet paper alone. You can be clean without having to jump in the shower by installing an inexpensive bidet attachment, like the LUXE Bidet Neo 120.
A bidet isn’t just a great option for cleaning up after going number two. You can use it to freshen up after sex or while having your period.
Wash your genital area properly
Proper washing doesn’t include douching or the use of scented products. In fact, these can cause irritation and exacerbate down-there issues. Instead, choose a gentle cleanser, like Cetaphil, or wash with water alone.
Drink lots of water
The same advice for treating a UTI goes for preventing one. Drinking plenty of water on a regular basis helps flush out nasty bacteria that can lead to infections.
UTIs are painful. But with antibiotic treatment, you can address the infection and stop the pain. Talk with your doctor if you have symptoms of a UTI. With proper treatment, you should begin to feel better in a few days.
Take your antibiotics as instructed — even after your symptoms improve — to prevent complications or a secondary infection.
If the UTI doesn’t resolve after antibiotic treatment or you end up with multiple episodes of a UTI, your doctor will likely do further testing.
This could be in the form of:
- a repeat urine culture
- urinary tract ultrasound
- plain film X-ray
- CT scan
- urodynamic testing
You may be referred to a urologist, depending on the severity of your UTI, or if you have chronic infections.
Certain strains of bacteria can cause UTIs. They can range from mild to severe. The degree of severity depends on multiple factors, including:
- your immune system status
- the bacterium causing the UTI
- where in your urinary tract the UTI is happening
Your doctor will be able to provide you with an evaluation tailored to your needs in order to make the right diagnosis and determine the proper therapy.
If you need help finding a primary care doctor, then check out our FindCare tool here.
Can UTIs go away on their own?
Research estimates that 25% to 42% of uncomplicated UTIs in women can go away on their own.
But keep in mind that there are risks associated with leaving UTIs untreated, so it’s important to seek treatment from a healthcare professional if you suspect you have a UTI.
Do you need to see a doctor to get antibiotics for a UTI?
You need to speak with your doctor or a licensed medical professional to be prescribed antibiotics for a UTI. This can usually be done in person, at the doctor, or over the phone.
If this is your first UTI or your symptoms are severe, it may be helpful to get treated in person. You may also want to consider an in-person visit with your healthcare professional to rule out sexually transmitted infections (STIs) if you’re sexually active or have several sexual partners.
How long do UTIs last?
With antibiotic treatment, symptoms of a UTI typically improve within 2 to 4 days.
But this can vary depending on many factors, including how quickly you receive treatment, the severity of your infection, and whether any complications arise.
Keep in mind that the course of antibiotics should be completed for UTI symptoms to completely resolve and prevent recurrent infections.
What’s the fastest way to get rid of a UTI?
Antibiotics are the fastest and most effective method for treating bacterial UTIs.
How long does it take for a UTI to go away without antibiotics?
Sometimes, UTIs clear up on their own. It can take about a week for symptoms to subside.
What’s the most effective home remedy for a UTI?
There’s limited research on the effectiveness of UTI home remedies. If you’re experiencing symptoms of a UTI, especially if they’re severe, it’s important to consult with a doctor.
Do you need an antibiotic to get rid of chronic UTIs?
A short course of antibiotics is typically the first-line treatment for UTIs. But for chronic infections, a doctor might prescribe a long-term, low dose antibiotic.
UTIs can be very common. If you suspect you may have a UTI or are experiencing any symptoms, try these home remedies to alleviate any symptoms you’re experiencing. If they don’t get better or the symptoms seem worse, be sure to speak with your doctor to get a proper diagnosis and be prescribed antibiotics.