Endometriosis is a chronic condition that occurs when endometrial-like cells — the cells that grow and shed as part of your menstrual cycle — build up in places other than your uterus.
Endometriosis affects as many as 1 in 10 women in the United States. The symptoms vary widely depending on the person, but leg pain is one of the more common symptoms.
Keep reading to learn more about why it happens and how to treat it.
Endometriosis-related leg pain feels different than the usual muscle cramping or soreness. You might feel a radiating and warm pain that spreads out over one or both legs.
This pain may worsen before your menstrual period starts, and the pain may become more severe as you age.
Researchers aren’t quite sure what connects endometriosis to leg pain, but they’re on the way to finding out.
It’s also possible that the nerves themselves become trapped in the endometrial-like tissue.
When you’re experiencing endometriosis-related leg pain at home, there are number of things you can try to get pain relief.
Some specific stretch sequences can target leg pain. These stretches are designed to relax the muscles around your pelvis.
To do this:
- Start this stretch flat on your back with both legs outstretched.
- Breathe in deeply and slowly raise your right leg up.
- Bend your leg in toward your abdomen.
- Hug your leg to your chest, exhale, and release.
- Repeat with the opposite leg.
Flat frog stretch/Reclining butterfly stretch
To do this:
- While lying on your back, bring your feet together so that your legs make a diamond shape.
- With your feet still pressed together, breathe in deeply and drag your feet up toward your buttocks.
- Exhale and try to keep your knees pressed down toward the floor.
- Repeat as needed.
If you want to try to change your diet to manage your leg pain, focus on cutting back on inflammatory foods. This includes:
- red meat
- refined flour products
- corn oil
- foods heavy on preservatives
Emphasize leafy vegetables, olive oil, and fatty fish in your daily choices. Cutting back on dairy and gluten and swapping out coffee for green tea may also help reduce inflammation in your body.
Although OTC medications may help ease endometriosis-related leg pain, they may not resolve it entirely.
It’s not typical to take prescription pain medications for endometriosis, but that doesn’t mean they’re out of the question. If OTC pain relievers aren’t relieving your symptoms, talk with your doctor about your options.
They may be able to prescribe nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) like:
- celecoxib (Celebrex)
- oxaprozin (Daypro)
- prescription-strength ibuprofen
Other medications include:
If your leg pain is so severe that you’re unable to walk, or if you feel like your legs might give out, lie down and call your doctor immediately.
Having endometriosis doesn’t mean that any pain in your legs is caused by that condition. Your doctor will be able to rule out any other underlying causes.
If your leg pain is triggered by your menstrual cycle and occurs consistently every month, you should see your doctor. They may be able to recommend specific therapy strategies and lifestyle changes. They can also refer you to a physical therapist or provide hormonal treatment or other pharmaceutical options.
If your pain persists, your doctor might recommend laparoscopic surgery to remove tissue buildup to help relieve your symptoms.