Vitamin B5, also called pantothenic acid, is necessary for making blood cells, and it helps you convert the food you eat into energy. People use vitamin B5 for skin irritation and other health conditions.
Vitamin B5 is one of eight B vitamins. All B vitamins help you convert the protein, carbohydrates, and fats you eat into energy. B vitamins are also needed for:
- healthy skin, hair, and eyes
- proper functioning of the nervous system and liver
- healthy digestive tract
- making red blood cells, which carry oxygen throughout the body
- making sex and stress-related hormones in the adrenal glands
As with most nutrients, the adequate intake of vitamin B5 varies by age.These are the adequate intakes set by the Institute of Medicine in the United States.
|Life stage group||Recommended intake of vitamin B5|
|Infants 6 months and younger||1.7 mg|
|Infants 7 to 12 months||1.8 mg|
|Children 1-3 years||2 mg|
|Children 4-8 years||3 mg|
|Children 9-13 years||4 mg|
|Children and adults 14 years or older||5 mg|
|People who are pregnant||6 mg|
|People who are breastfeeding||7 mg|
Vitamin B5 deficiency is rare in the United States.
Generally, only people with severe malnutrition have a B5 deficiency. However, people with pantothenate kinase-associated neurodegeneration two mutation may also experience deficiency.
- numbness and burning in the hands and feet
- irritability or restlessness
- trouble sleeping
- gastrointestinal issues and loss of appetite
- muscle cramps and impaired muscle coordination
- personality changes
Symptoms generally go away once you start getting enough vitamin B5.
The best way to ensure you’re getting enough vitamin B5 is to eat a nutritious, balanced diet daily.
Vitamin B5 is an easy vitamin to incorporate into a good diet. It’s found in most vegetables, including:
Other sources of B5 include:
Vitamin B5 in the form of panthenol and dexpanthenol are approved for use in cosmetics by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA).
It can also be applied to the skin to relieve itchiness and promote healing from skin conditions, such as:
- insect bites
- poison ivy
- diaper rash
Before using products containing vitamin B5 on the skin, or any new skin care product, it’s best to test on a small area, as some people may have reactions to them.
Taking large doses of vitamin B5 supplements
Vitamin B5 is not likely to interact with medications.
What does pantothenic acid do for your body?
Pantothenic acid helps you make red blood cells and helps convert the food you eat, including protein, carbohydrates, and fats, into energy.
Who shouldn’t take pantothenic acid?
Most people do not need to supplement their diet with pantothenic acid, as it naturally occurs in many foods, including vegetables, eggs, grains, and meats. Taking too much pantothenic acid
Is pantothenic acid good for weight loss?
Currently, there is not enough evidence in humans to suggest that pantothenic acid supplements benefit weight loss. However, eating a balanced, nutritious diet, which may also provide the recommended intake of pantothenic acid, may support weight loss.
What depletes vitamin B5?
Vitamin B5 is sensitive to heat, and boiling foods can reduce the amount of vitamin B5 by
Vitamin B5 is an important vitamin that helps your body make blood cells and convert food into energy. As long as you eat a balanced and healthy diet that incorporates a variety of foods, it’s unlikely you’ll experience vitamin B5 deficiency or require supplements.