Uncontrolled hypertension means an individual has blood pressure above 140/90 mm Hg. It can refer to when high blood pressure has been untreated or when treatments have been ineffective.
According to the World Health Organization, approximately
If you or someone you care about has recently received a diagnosis of high blood pressure, you may have a lot of questions.
This article will explain what uncontrolled hypertension means, how it differs from other hypertension types, and what you may consider consulting your care team about when it comes to treating and changing treatments.
Your hypertension may be classified as uncontrolled if it’s not being treated or if medications that are supposed to help lower your blood pressure have been ineffective so far.
Uncontrolled hypertension is a broad term that can be applied to many different situations, but resistant and refractory hypertension refer to situations where hypertension persists despite specific amounts of treatment.
Resistant hypertension means that an individual continues to have a blood pressure above 140/90 mm Hg despite the use of three different medications designed to reduce it, including a diuretic for 6 months.
On the other hand, refractory hypertension has been defined as continued uncontrolled hypertension despite taking the maximum tolerated doses of at least five different hypertension-related medications.
Hypertension can develop and evolve as a result of primary and secondary causes.
Primary causes of hypertension include aging and lifestyle factors like smoking, a salt-heavy diet, and not exercising. Secondary causes include other health conditions and medications that can raise your blood pressure.
Although primary and secondary causes of hypertension can individually result in high blood pressure, an individual may also experience hypertension as a result of both primary and secondary causes at the same time.
Additionally, it’s possible for more primary and secondary causes of hypertension to appear as time passes. This can raise your blood pressure to higher levels, require additional medications for treatment, and affect how an your hypertension is classified.
Uncontrolled hypertension may be the result of untreated hypertension or because an individual’s current hypertension treatment plan isn’t effectively reducing their blood pressure.
In some cases, it’s possible to identify that a health condition or the use of certain medications is raising an individual’s blood pressure. But the exact
Along with genetics, lifestyle can play a role in uncontrolled hypertension.
- consuming a diet high in salt or alcohol
- lack of physical activity
Some individuals may
Many people won’t experience symptoms of hypertension. But
- chest pain
- abnormal heart rhythms
- difficulty breathing
- anxiety and confusion
- nausea or vomiting
- vision changes
- buzzing in your ears
A doctor may recommend a combination of lifestyle changes and medications to help treat uncontrolled hypertension. You may also be referred to a hypertension specialist.
If you’re on other medications, a doctor
Individuals with a blood pressure above 140/90 mm Hg may have received a diagnosis of uncontrolled hypertension. This can mean that an individual isn’t treating their hypertension or that current treatments for high blood pressure have been ineffective.
High blood pressure may be due to a combination of genetic and lifestyle factors. It may also be the result of underlying health conditions and medications that raise blood pressure. If you have uncontrolled hypertension, it’s important to talk with a doctor about ways to reduce your blood pressure, since it can carry serious potential health risks.