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Uncontrolled Type 2 Diabetes? Stabilizing Foods That Work with Your Insulin Regimen

Medically reviewed by Suzanne Falck, MD on August 21, 2017Written by Stephanie Watson on August 21, 2017

Taking insulin is an important part of your diabetes control routine — but it’s not the only part. What you eat also impacts your blood sugar levels.

Diabetes “superfoods” are high in nutrition, low in fat, and low on the glycemic index — meaning they won’t raise your blood sugar levels. Including more of these foods into your diet can help you control your diabetes. They might even reduce your need for insulin.

Dark green leafy vegetables

Dark green vegetables are high in vitamins A, B, C, E, and K, as well as fiber, but low in calories and carbohydrates.

Beans

Research finds that eating beans and other legumes (chickpeas, lentils) can help manage blood sugar levels after a meal and improve type 2 diabetes control.

Berries

Instead of eating ice cream or cookies for dessert, have a bowl of berries. They have a lot less sugar and are packed with antioxidants, fiber, and vitamins.

Avocados

Avocados are rich, filling, and low in carbohydrates. Plus, they’re high in healthy monounsaturated fats, which lower your risk for heart disease.

Fish

There are no carbohydrates in fish, so they won’t raise your blood sugar levels. Fatty fish like salmon, tuna, and sardines are high in heart-healthy omega-3 fatty acids, making them a much healthier protein option than red meat. Try to eat two servings of fish a week.

Whole grains

Whole grains won’t raise your blood sugar as much as white bread, white rice, and other foods made from refined flour.

Fat-free yogurt

Yogurt is linked to a lower risk for type 2 diabetes. If you’re already living with type 2 diabetes, yogurt may help regulate your blood sugar levels, especially if you substitute it for high-carbohydrate foods. When picking a yogurt, go Greek — it’s low in sugar and high in protein.

Nuts

Nuts are packed with dietary fiber, which slows the rate at which food empties from your stomach. Because you digest high-fiber foods slower, your insulin levels rise more gradually after you eat nuts.

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