Some research suggests that people with Sjögren disease might develop headaches more often than people in the general population, but the link isn’t entirely clear.
Sjögren disease, sometimes also called Sjögren’s syndrome or simply Sjögren’s, is an autoimmune condition that occurs when your immune system attacks glands that make:
- other fluids
Sjögren disease affects about
Read on to learn more about the link between Sjögren disease and headaches.
Researchers are continuing to examine the link between Sjögren disease and headaches. Some studies have found a potential connection while others haven’t.
Sjögren disease is an autoimmune disease, which means it’s caused by your immune system attacking healthy cells. It leads to inflammation and damage to your salivary glands, tear glands, and other glandular tissue that produces moisture.
Sjögren syndrome and migraine headaches
Sjögren syndrome and aseptic meningitis
Aseptic meningitis is inflammation of the covering of your brain and spinal cord in the absence of a bacterial infection. It’s a
Headache seems to be one of the
Headaches are very common in the general population, which makes it difficult to determine if they’re more common in people with Sjögren disease. Some
In a 2023
Sjögren disease has been linked to a wide range of neurological conditions. Besides headaches, other neurological
- burning or prickling sensation (paresthesia)
- cognitive dysfunction
- mood disorders
- cognitive decline
- balance problems
- damage to your peripheral nerves (peripheral neuropathy)
Neurological symptoms occur before traditional symptoms in
The National Health Service recommends seeing a doctor or healthcare professional about headaches if:
- You have recurrent headaches.
- Pain relievers aren’t effective and your headache gets worse.
- You have throbbing pain at the front or side of your head that might be a symptom of a migraine or cluster headache.
- You feel sick, find light and noise painful, or vomit.
If you develop symptoms of Sjögren disease, such as irritated eyes or dry mouth, a doctor can help you develop strategies to minimize these symptoms.
Call 911 or local emergency services if you develop a severe headache and it:
- is intensely painful
- feels different from previous headaches
- occurs along with symptoms of a seizure, such as muscle contractions or unusual head and eye movements
- occurs along with weakness in your arms or legs
- comes on after a period of strenuous physical activity
Headaches associated with Sjögren disease are treated the
|Ibuprofen or acetaminophen
|Lifestyle changes and avoiding triggers
|Intravenous (IV) fluids and emergency treatments
It’s not clear if these medications currently help manage Sjögren disease. They’re generally considered ineffective, but
You may be able to prevent headaches by making general lifestyle improvements like:
- staying hydrated
- avoiding triggers
- eating regularly
- getting adequate sleep
- managing stress
Headaches potentially caused by Sjögren disease are treated the same way as headaches with other causes. The most common types of headaches associated with Sjögren disease are migraine and tension headaches.