Arthritis refers to a set of diseases that are characterized by joint pain and inflammation. There are many different types of arthritis. The most common include:
Psoriatic arthritis is a type of chronic arthritis that occurs most often in people with the skin condition psoriasis. Like other types of arthritis, psoriatic arthritis affects the major joints of the body. These joints can become inflamed and painful. Over a long period of time, they can become damaged.
In people with inflammatory conditions, eating certain foods may either lower inflammation or cause even more damage.
Here are some suggestions of which foods to consume, which foods to avoid, and various diets to try for the management of your psoriatic arthritis.
For people with psoriatic arthritis, anti-inflammatory foods are an important element of potentially reducing painful flare-ups.
Omega-3 fatty acids are a type of polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs). They have been
Alpha-linolenic acid (ALA) is a type of omega-3 that is considered essential, as the body can’t make it on its own. ALA can convert to EPA and DHA, which are two other important types of omega-3s. However, the conversion is low, and it’s very important to eat plenty of omega-3 rich foods as part of a well-rounded diet.
The best food sources of omega-3s include:
- fatty fish such as salmon and tuna
- olive oil
- flaxseed oil
- flax and chia seeds
High-antioxidant fruits and vegetables
In people with certain diseases such as psoriatic arthritis, chronic inflammation can damage the body.
Antioxidants are compounds that reduce the harmful oxidative stress from chronic inflammation.
There are plenty of natural food sources of antioxidants. Fill your shopping basket with fresh fruits, vegetables, nuts, and spices. And no need to skip the espresso —
The best food sources of
- dark berries
- dark, leafy greens
- dried ground spices
- dark chocolate
- tea and coffee
High-fiber whole grains
Obesity is a
One of the most common conditions associated with obesity is insulin resistance. Insulin resistance is caused by long-term blood sugar problems, most often from a poor diet.
Research suggests that there is a
Unprocessed whole grains contain plenty of fiber and nutrients and are digested more slowly. This helps to avoid insulin spikes and keep blood sugar at a healthy level.
The best food sources of whole grains are:
- brown and wild rice
Diets high in red meat and processed meat products have been suggested to play a role in weight gain and inflammation.
In one large
What to eat instead:
- fatty or lean fish
- beans and legumes
According to the National Library of Medicine, roughly 65 percent of people have some form of lactose intolerance. In fact, this number is even higher in certain communities.
Food intolerances and allergies
What to eat instead:
- almond milk
- soy milk
- coconut milk
- hemp milk
- flax milk
- plant-based yogurts
Processed foods and drinks are high in excess sugar, salt, and fat. These types of food are
In addition, many processed foods are cooked using omega-6 rich oils such as corn, sunflower, and peanut oil.
Omega-6 fatty acids demonstrate a
What to eat instead:
- fresh fruits
- fresh vegetables
- whole grains
- unprocessed lean meats
A gluten-free diet isn’t necessary for everyone with psoriatic arthritis.
However, research suggests that people who have psoriasis tend to have a
Testing can determine if you’re sensitive to gluten. For people with a sensitivity or with celiac disease, a
The paleo diet is a popular diet that emphasizes choosing foods like what our ancestors would have eaten.
A recent analysis of the literature shows that in many clinical studies, the paleo diet had positive benefits. It was commonly associated with improvements in BMI, blood pressure, and blood lipid levels, particularly within the first 6 months of the diet.
For people with psoriatic arthritis, keeping metabolic markers healthy has been shown to decrease inflammation and disease severity. However, you’ll want to choose more lean meats over fatty red meats while on a paleo diet, due to the link between red meat and inflammation and disease.
The Mediterranean diet has long been called one of the healthiest diets in the world. This diet is high in fresh fruits, vegetables, nuts, whole grains, and oils. Red meat, dairy, and processed foods are rarely eaten.
For people with psoriatic arthritis, a healthy diet can greatly help with disease management.
Omega-3 fatty acids, antioxidants, and whole grains can help to decrease inflammation and keep metabolic markers stable.
Choose a dietary pattern that decreases the risk of weight gain, insulin resistance, and other chronic conditions.
Discussing these options with your doctor and seeking the advice of a nutrition professional can help you take first steps in managing your psoriatic arthritis.