For some people, over-the-counter or prescription creams are enough to manage psoriasis. However, if your skin remains itchy, scaly, and red, you may want to consider trying phototherapy, also known as light therapy.
This is a type of psoriasis treatment that often uses ultraviolet (UV) light, which reduces inflammation and slows down the creation of skin cells.
Phototherapy is also used for other skin conditions, such as eczema. However, it’s not as simple as just going out in the sun.
To be safely treated with phototherapy, it’s best to talk with a doctor about your options.
Did you know?
Phototherapy is considered safe for children and people who are pregnant.
A variety of different types of UV light treatments exist, including the following main types.
If you’re ready to try phototherapy, consider which treatment will be best for you. A doctor may recommend combining UV therapy with a prescription cream.
Narrowband ultraviolet B (NB-UVB) light therapy
NB-UVB lamps and light bulbs emit wavelengths of light between 311 and 313 nanometers (nm). Your starting dose will depend on your skin type and how easily you burn or tan.
NB-UVB light therapy is most effective when performed two or three times a week. Once the skin is clear, maintenance sessions can be performed on a weekly basis.
Broadband ultraviolet B (BB-UVB) light therapy
Broadband ultraviolet B (BB-UVB) light therapy is an older form than NB-UVB. The two treatments are similar.
However, BB-UVB lamps and light bulbs emit wavelengths of light between 270 and 390 nm. As with NB-UVB, your starting dose will depend on your skin type.
BB-UVB is considered less effective than NB-UVB and is more likely to cause side effects. It should be reserved for instances where NB-UVB is not a treatment option.
It can be prescribed as a monotherapy or alongside retinoid acitretin (Soriatane). In combination therapy, the skin clears up faster, and lower doses of UVB can be used.
Targeted ultraviolet B (UVB) light therapy
Targeted ultraviolet B (UVB) light therapy is applied to small areas of the body. It often involves the use of an excimer laser, excimer light, or NB-UVB light.
If you have psoriasis over less than 10% of your body (known as localized psoriasis), this treatment might work for you.
This approach exposes you to fewer UV rays overall, which can help reduce side effects and health risks. It also can result in faster clearing of the skin.
For best results, it should be performed two to three times a week.
Psoralen plus ultraviolet A (PUVA) therapy
This approach uses ultraviolet A (UVA) light with psoralen, a medication that increases your sensitivity to light. Psoralen can be:
- taken orally
- mixed in bathwater
- applied topically
In general, PUVA is highly effective but not widely used or available.
Oral PUVA comes with the highest risk of drug interactions and side effects (such as nausea). It’s most effective when combined with an oral retinoid.
Bath PUVA works best for adults with moderate to severe plaque psoriasis.
For the best results, you should undergo at least 20 phototherapy sessions, according to a 2016 study.
PUVA is the most effective of the major forms of phototherapy, according to 2019 treatment guidelines from the American Academy of Dermatology (AAD) and the National Psoriasis Foundation (NPF).
The next most effective phototherapy treatments are NB-UVB, followed by targeted UVB therapy, and BB-UVB.
Although PUVA is more effective overall, NB-UVB is more often recommended by dermatologists because it’s less expensive, easier to use, and causes fewer side effects. To boost its effectiveness, NB-UVB is often used with additional medications.
Certain people should not try light therapy. This includes people with:
- a history of skin cancer
- the skin condition xeroderma pigmentosum, which makes you very sensitive to sunlight
In addition, certain medications — including some antibiotics — make you sensitive to light, which can affect this treatment.
It increases your risk of certain types of skin cancer, so a doctor will watch for warning signs during and after treatment.
Home NB-UVB phototherapy is recommended for certain people with plaque psoriasis as an alternative to in-office NB-UVB phototherapy. It can be used for mild, moderate, or severe disease.
Many people who use phototherapy as a long-term treatment like the ease and lower cost of doing it at home.
You usually have a few rounds of in-office therapy first to make sure it works. You still need to see a dermatologist regularly to monitor your skin and get advice on using your home device.
According to CostHelper, an at-home phototherapy unit can typically cost between $2,000 and $6,000 or more.
Medicaid and Medicare — as well as many private insurance policies — often cover in-office treatment.
What light is best for psoriasis?
Some studies have shown that over 70% of people who received oral psoralen plus ultraviolet A (PUVA) achieved a 75% improvement in the Psoriasis Area and Severity Index score.
About 75% of people receiving narrowband ultraviolet B (NB-UVB) treatments, the most common type of phototherapy, found it cleared their psoriasis or reduced the symptoms, according to another
What color light is good for psoriasis?
Blue or red light is the best option for psoriasis.
How often do you need light therapy for psoriasis?
For best results, you should undergo at least 20 phototherapy sessions, according to a 2016 study.
If you’re interested in phototherapy as a treatment option, talk with a doctor to find out if you’re a good candidate.
It’s important that you discuss the risks and benefits with a doctor when deciding if the treatment is right for you.