COVID-19 is a highly contagious respiratory disease first discovered in late 2019, caused by the coronavirus (SARS-CoV-2).
The majority of people with COVID-19 develop mild symptoms such as a cough, fever, and fatigue. People over age 65 and people with underlying health conditions like diabetes or obesity are at the highest risk of developing a severe case.
COVID-19 can cause nasal symptoms similar to upper respiratory infections, such as a stuffy or runny nose. Some anecdotal reports and case studies also describe people with COVID-19 developing a nose burning sensation.
Keep reading as we take a deeper look at whether a burning sensation in your nose is a common symptom of COVID-19. We’ll also take a look at how the symptoms of COVID-19 compare with those of other respiratory infections and allergies.
Burning in your nose can potentially be a symptom of COVID-19, but it’s not one of the most common symptoms. The only medical studies examining nose burning are isolated case studies. So, at this time, it’s not clear how frequently people experience it.
What causes a burning sensation in your nose?
A burning sensation in your nose can be caused by inflammation in your sinuses from a sinus infection. Viruses, fungi, and bacteria can cause sinus infections.
Sinus infections don’t seem to be common among people with COVID-19, but a few case reports have noted them.
It was unclear if COVID-19 was the only cause of or a contributing factor to the infection. However, negative fungal and bacterial cultures suggest that COVID-19 may have played a major role.
Again, most people don’t appear to get a sinus infection from COVID-19.
How COVID-19 targets cells in your nose
According to an
ACE-2 is also found in other parts of your body, such as your gastrointestinal tract, lungs, blood vessels, and heart.
The highest concentration of ACE-2 in your nose is found in mucus-producing goblet cells and ciliated epithelial cells, which are cells that line the tract of your nasal cavity.
Researchers have also found that COVID-19 also needs a protein called TMPRSS2 to optimally enter a cell. TMPRSS2 has also been identified in the cells that line your nose, according to
Mouse studies have found that reducing levels of this protein in mice led to decreased replication of the COVID-19 virus.
According to a
Loss or reduction of taste and smell are frequently reported as early symptoms of COVID-19. One
Other nasal symptoms linked to COVID-19 include:
According to the
- dry cough
Less common but still frequently reported symptoms include:
The symptoms of COVID-19 are similar to the symptoms of other upper respiratory infections and allergies.
Here’s a look at how the typical symptoms of COVID-19, the flu, colds, and allergies compare.
|runny or stuffy nose||runny or stuffy nose||runny or stuffy nose||runny or stuffy nose|
|body aches||body aches||body aches||shortness of breath|
|sore throat||sore throat||sore throat||sneezing|
|headache||headache||sneezing||itchy eyes, nose, or throat|
|chills||chills||loss of taste||swollen or puffy eyelids|
|fever||fever||loss of smell||red or pink eyes|
|red or pink eyes||sneezing|
|shortness of breath|
|loss of taste|
|loss of smell|
A few key symptoms may help identify your condition:
- Allergy symptoms tend to last for weeks or months and include sneezing.
- Fever and body aches aren’t symptoms of allergies.
- Sneezing isn’t a symptom of COVID-19.
- Allergy symptoms typically don’t include coughing, unless you have a lot of drainage in your nose.
- The flu and colds don’t typically lead to shortness of breath. When they do, it usually isn’t as severe as it is with COVID-19.
Most people with COVID-19 develop mild symptoms. Mild COVID-19 can be treated at home by:
- getting plenty of rest
- staying hydrated
- taking over-the-counter medications like Tylenol to help manage symptoms
It’s important to isolate yourself as much as possible and to avoid public areas.
According to the
It’s important to seek immediate medical attention if you or a loved one have emergency symptoms of COVID-19. Many hospitals have separate wings dedicated to treating COVID-19 and take walk-ins.
list of emergency symptomsincludes:
- trouble breathing
- persistent pain or pressure in your chest
- an inability to stay awake or wake up
- pale gray or blue lips, nails, or skin
- other concerning symptoms
People with dark skin may have more difficulty noticing discoloration in their nails, lips, or skin. Discoloration in these areas suggests oxygen deprivation.
A burning sensation in your nose can potentially be a sign of COVID-19, but it’s not a typical symptom.
Some people with COVID-19 develop a runny or stuffy nose. These conditions can lead to a sinus infection that can cause inflammation and a burning sensation.
The symptoms of COVID-19 are similar to the symptoms of other upper respiratory infections and allergies. A fever isn’t a symptom of allergies and might be a sign you’re dealing with a viral infection.
If you think you have COVID-19, it’s important to isolate yourself from other people and seek medical attention if you develop severe symptoms.