Multiple sclerosis can affect both the brain’s white matter and gray matter. This can cause neurological symptoms, including fatigue and memory loss.

Artist's rendering of a neuronShare on Pinterest
Infographic by Diego Sabogal

Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a chronic condition of the central nervous system, which includes the brain and spinal cord. Experts have long known that MS affects white matter in the brain, but research published in 2017 suggests that it affects gray matter, too.

Early and consistent treatment may help limit the effects of MS on the brain and other areas of the body. In turn, this may help reduce or prevent symptoms.

Read on to learn more about the different types of brain tissue and how MS can affect them.

MS can damage white and gray matter in the brain. Over time, this can cause physical and cognitive symptoms, but early treatment may make a difference.

Disease-modifying therapies may help limit the damage caused by MS. Many medications and other treatments are also available to treat symptoms of the condition.

Talk with your doctor to learn more about the potential effects of MS, as well as your treatment options.