Despite what you might have read, there’s no established diet for lupus. As with any medical condition, consider eating a healthy blend of foods, including fresh fruits, vegetables, whole grains, legumes, plant fats, lean proteins, and fish.
However, certain foods may be better than others for managing your symptoms. Keep reading to find out what to include in your diet.
Some studies suggest that omega-3s may reduce lupus activity in the body. Research indicates that omega-3 supplements may
Fish are high in omega-3s. Try to eat more:
Some other foods rich in omega-3s include:
- flax seeds
- chia seeds
The steroid drugs you may take to control lupus can thin your bones. This side effect makes you more vulnerable to fractures. To combat fractures, eat foods high in calcium and vitamin D. These nutrients strengthen your bones.
Calcium-rich foods include:
- calcium-fortified plant milks
- dark green leafy vegetables such as spinach and broccoli
Food sources of vitamin D include:
Ask your doctor about supplements if you’re not getting enough calcium and vitamin D from food alone.
Studies suggest that your gut microbiome may be linked to your
Your gut contains bacteria that may promote health benefits and some that could be harmful. Certain foods may help keep these bacteria in a healthier balance.
Foods that may benefit your gut microbiome include:
- Fermented foods: Look for foods that contain probiotics, such as probiotic yogurt and kimchi
- High fiber foods: Whole grains and other high fiber foods support healthy digestion
- Fruits and vegetables: These foods contain polyphenols, compounds that may help beneficial gut bacteria grow and reduce harmful gut bacteria
While there is not enough evidence to say that sugar causes lupus complications, limiting added sugars is good for your general health.
Foods to limit include:
- sugar-sweetened beverages, such as soda
- ice cream
Too much added sugar in your diet can contribute to conditions
- heart disease
- type 2 diabetes
The occasional glass of red wine or beer isn’t restricted. However, alcohol can interact with medicines you take to control your condition.
For example, drinking while taking NSAID drugs such as ibuprofen (Motrin) or naproxen (Naprosyn) could increase your risk of stomach bleeding or ulcers. Alcohol can also reduce the effectiveness of warfarin (Coumadin) and may increase the potential liver side effects of methotrexate.
Set aside the saltshaker and start ordering your restaurant meals with less sodium. Here are some tips:
- order your sauces on the side; they are often high in sodium
- ask for your entrée to be cooked without added salt
- order an extra side of vegetables, which are rich in potassium
Eating too much salt can raise your blood pressure and
Substitute other spices to enhance food flavor, such as:
- curry powder
Many herbs and spices have been sold online as lupus symptom relievers. But there is little evidence that any of them work.
These products can interact with drugs you’re taking for lupus and cause side effects. Talk with your doctor before taking any herbal remedy or supplement.
Lupus affects each person differently. A diet change that works for one person may not work for you. Keeping a food journal and having an open dialogue with your doctor and dietitian will help you determine how different foods help or hurt your symptoms.
Some complications of lupus may require you to follow a special diet. For example, up to