Lower abdominal pain is pain that occurs at or below the belly button. This pain can be:
Vaginal discharge is normal. The vagina produces secretions as a way to clean itself and maintain its pH balance. However, infections can affect the vagina’s pH level, resulting in changes in vaginal discharge. Abnormal vaginal discharge may have:
Here are 11 possible causes of lower abdominal pain and vaginal discharge.
Bacterial vaginosis (BV)
Bacterial vaginosis (BV) is an infection in the vagina caused by bacteria. Read more about bacterial vaginosis.
Human papillomavirus infection (HPV) | Human papillomavirus infection (HPV)
Pelvic inflammatory disease (PID)
Vaginal yeast infections, also known as candidiasis, are a common female condition.
Dysfunctional uterine bleeding (DUB)
Dysfunctional uterine bleeding (DUB) is a condition that affects nearly every woman at some point in her life. DUB is a condition that causes vaginal bleeding to occur outside of the regular menstrual cycle. Read more about DUB and treatment options.
Urinary incontinence happens when you lose control of your bladder. Read more on the three types of urinary incontinence.
When to seek medical help
Make an appointment with your doctor if you experience any of the following symptoms:
- a bloody vaginal discharge unrelated to your menstrual cycle
- a burning sensation when urinating
- lower abdominal pain that lasts longer than 24 hours
- pain during sexual intercourse
- unexplained weight loss
This information is a summary. Seek medical attention if you think you need urgent care.
How are lower abdominal pain and vaginal discharge treated?
The way your doctor treats these symptoms differently depends on what’s causing them. Your doctor may prescribe antibiotics for infections such as PID or STIs. They may prescribe topical or oral antifungal medications for a yeast infection.
You can do the following at home to help treat your symptoms:
- Eat a healthy diet and drink plenty of water to help to reduce adverse effects from vaginal infections.
- Wear clean cotton underwear, and keep your vagina clean.
- Avoid using perfumed products around your vagina, such as deodorant body washes.
- You may wish to avoid sexual intercourse until you don’t have any symptoms.
- Take all medications as prescribed.
- You may also wish to take an over-the-counter pain reliever, such as ibuprofen, to relieve lower abdominal pain.
How can you prevent lower abdominal pain and vaginal discharge?
Practicing good hygiene and sexual habits can help to prevent these symptoms. Examples include:
- always using a condom during sexual intercourse
- keeping your stress levels low
- keeping the vagina clean and dry
- refraining from douching, which can irritate the vaginal tissues
- wiping from front to back after going to the bathroom
Maintain a healthy lifestyle as well. Eat small meals, drink plenty of water, and exercise regularly.