Intracardiac thrombosis is the medical term for a blood clot in the heart. You should get immediate medical assistance if you experience symptoms like chest pain, labored breathing, or coughing up blood.
One place where blood clots can develop is in the heart. The medical term for this is intracardiac thrombosis. This is an extremely serious condition and can even cause sudden death.
In this article, we help you better understand the signs and symptoms of intracardiac thrombosis, what this means, and the types of treatment you might discuss with medical professionals.
Thrombosis is the medical term for a blood clot, and intracardiac thrombosis refers to a blood clot in the heart.
People can experience intracardiac thrombosis in any of the four chambers of their heart. All intracardiac thrombosis is extremely serious. It’s important to identify exactly where the thrombosis is to determine the appropriate forms of treatment and assess possible risks.
The number of people who’ve experienced intracardiac thrombosis historically is hard to determine because this condition often went undetected or was misdiagnosed as another condition based on similar symptoms. For a period of time, intracardiac thrombi were even
With scientific advancements, diagnosing this condition is no longer as difficult as it once was, and it can be treated when diagnosed correctly.
Intracardiac thrombosis should be taken extremely seriously as it’s a potentially life threatening condition that can cause sudden death. There are two different types of this condition based on where it occurs in your heart:
- Left-sided thrombi (involving the left atrium and left ventricle): This type is associated with
an increased risk for peripheral embolization. This can lead to serious conditions outside the heart like brain seizures.
- Right-sided thrombi (involving the right atrium and right ventricle): This type is
associated withpulmonary artery aneurysm and vena cava thrombosis.
Thrombosis means that a blood clot has formed and is reducing the ability of blood to flow through an area. Thrombosis is often compared to an embolism, but these are two different conditions. You can learn more about their differences here.
You can reduce your chance of thrombosis by exercising, eating a nutritious, balanced diet, quitting smoking if you smoke, and managing any other health conditions.
To be classified as intracardiac thrombosis, the thrombosis must occur in the heart.
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Some of the potential risk factors for intracardiac thrombosis include:
- Behçet’s disease
- other vascular diseases
- coronary artery disease
- protein S and protein C deficiency
- blunt chest trauma
It’s important to seek medical assistance as soon as signs of a blood clot appear because intracardiac thrombosis is extremely serious, and you cannot treat it on your own.
Symptoms of intracardiac thrombosis can include:
- chest pain
- coughing up blood
- labored breathing
- cardiac arrhythmias (irregular heartbeats)
Intracardiac thrombosis was once
- CT scans
- MRI scans
- Echocardiography with echocardiographic contrast agents (ECAs)
In addition to taking images of the heart, doctors may order blood tests to look for signs that the heart is under stress and for other risk factors like low levels of proteins C and S.
Treatment for intracardiac thrombosis will typically initially occur at the hospital.
Doctors may try a variety of different techniques to treat the blood clots, including anticoagulants and surgery.
But best practices
Left ventricular thrombus is often treated with a drug called warfarin for at least 3 to 6 months. According to this
- low molecular weight heparin (LMWH)
- apixaban (for patients who are unable to take warfarin)
Doctors will need to treat any conditions that contributed to it, like hypertension or heart failure.
In cases where lung damage from conditions
Because repeat thrombosis is possible, even if thrombosis appears to clear up, it’s important to remain on your doctor-prescribed treatment plan and continue to be monitored for months after any known intracardiac thrombosis.
Intracardiac thrombosis is a potentially life threatening condition where a blood clot forms in the heart muscle. It may result in chest pain, labored breathing, or coughing up blood. If you experience any signs or symptoms of intracardiac thrombosis, it’s important to seek immediate medical assistance because it can cause sudden death.