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Dark circles may happen due to fatigue or as a natural sign of aging. If you find them bothersome, you can try reducing their appearance with cold compresses, tea bags, cucumber slices, skin-lightening cream, or treatment from a dermatologist.
Are dark circles a serious health problem? Not really, but many people feel that dark circles under their eyes make them look tired, older, or unhealthy.
There are a number of methods — both natural and medically prescribed — that people use to get rid of or lessen the appearance of, dark circles under their eyes. Although not all of these treatments are permanent, with maintenance and consistency they will help reduce the appearance of dark circles.
Although dark circles under your eyes are most commonly caused by fatigue, there are other causes as well, including:
- allergic rhinitis (hay fever)
- atopic dermatitis (eczema)
- contact dermatitis
- pigmentation irregularities
- scratching or rubbing eyes
- sun exposure
Another cause of dark circles is the natural aging process. When you age, you tend to lose fat and collagen, and your skin often thins. This can make the reddish-blue blood vessels under your eyes more prominent.
Also, as people age, they commonly develop puffy eyelids or hollows under their eyes. Sometimes these physical changes cast shadows that can appear to be dark circles under the eyes.
There are a number of ways that people report they’ve eliminated or reduced the appearance of dark circles under their eyes. Everybody is different, so some of these remedies might not work for you.
As with any treatment, it’s always a good idea to review your plans with your doctor before testing them out on yourself.
When you sleep, try extra pillows under your head to lessen the puffiness of fluid pooling in your lower eyelids.
Sometimes dilated blood vessels can darken the area under your eyes. A cold compress can cause the blood vessels to constrict, which may result in a lessening of the dark circles.
Reduce or eliminate sun exposure to your face.
Proponents of natural healing suggest chilling thick slices of cucumbers and then placing the chilled slices on the dark circles for about 10 minutes. Then rinse the area with water. Repeat this treatment twice a day.
Almond oil and vitamin E
Your doctor might offer a medical option, depending on their diagnosis of the cause of the circles under your eyes. That recommendation might include the following.
Laser treatments use heat energy to vaporize damaged cells. The darker pigment under the eyes can be targeted. Along with lightening darker skin tones, laser therapy may induce new collagen formation.
A dermatologist might suggest a light chemical peel to lighten dark pigmentation under the eyes. Commonly these will include glycolic acid, retinoic acid or hydroquinone. Your dermatologist might also suggest a Jessner peel, which includes a combination of salicylic acid, lactic acid, and resorcinol.
Fat can be surgically removed in a lower lid blepharoplasty by a plastic surgeon, oculoplastic surgeon, or dermatologic surgeon. The procedure can decrease the shadow cast by your eyelid, which can decrease the appearance of dark circles.
When should I see a doctor?
If swelling and discoloration appear under only one eye, you should talk to your doctor about it, especially if it appears to get worse over time.
Is it possible to remove dark circles permanently?
There are different solutions — both natural and medical — to remove or prevent dark circles from appearing under your eyes.
This includes simply making sure to get enough sleep, but also things like vitamins, oils, tea bags, or a procedure like a chemical peel.
While none of these treatments provide long-lasting results, if you do them consistently, they may help you lighten the look of your dark circles.
How do dermatologists treat dark circles under the eyes?
What deficiency causes dark circles?
Under-eye circles can have many causes, but
Although having dark circles under your eyes typically isn’t a health concern, you might want them to disappear for cosmetic reasons.
There are a number of home remedies and medical treatments for removing or reducing the appearance of dark circles. You should check with your doctor to see which one is best for you.