Being diagnosed with HIV was once a death sentence. Now, a 20-year-old with HIV who begins treatment early can expect to live to their
According to the American Federation of AIDS Research, by the end of 1992, 250,000 Americans had developed AIDS, and 200,000 of these had died. By 2004, the number of cases of AIDS reported in the United States closed in on 1 million, with deaths totaling more than 500,000.
According to the
However, anyone who practices sex without a condom or shares needles can contract HIV. Among the
When it comes to
Americans in the
In 2016, five states alone made up almost half of new diagnoses in the United States. These five states account for 19,994 of 39,782 new diagnoses, according to the
- New York
AIDS.gov reports that 36.7 million people worldwide are living with HIV, and 35 million have died since 1981. Additionally, the majority of people with HIV live in developing and moderate-income nations, such as those in sub-Saharan Africa.
It’s important for people — especially those who have a high risk of contracting HIV — to be tested frequently. Starting HIV treatment early is important for best outcomes. Approximately 44 percent of people ages 18 to 64 in the United States have reported receiving an HIV test. HIV education is mandatory in 34 states and in Washington, D.C.
From a public health perspective, preventing transmission of HIV is as important as treating those who have it. There has been remarkable progress in that regard. For example, modern-day antiretroviral therapy can reduce the chances of an HIV-positive person transmitting the virus by 100 percent, if the therapy is taken consistently to reduce virus to an undetectable level in the blood.
There has been a sharp decline in transmission rates in the United States since the mid-1980s. While men who have sex with men represent only 4 percent of the male population in this country, they comprise around
Condom use remains an inexpensive, cost-effective first line of defense against HIV. A pill known as Truvada, or pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP), also offers protection. A person without HIV can protect themselves from contracting the virus by taking this once-a-day pill. When taken properly, PrEP can reduce the risk of transmission by more than
There is still no cure for HIV, and it can take a huge financial toll on those living with it. The United States is expected to spend more than $26 billion annually on HIV programs, including:
Of that amount, $6.6 billion is for aid abroad. This expenditure represents less than 1 percent of the federal budget.
Not only are life-saving medications expensive, but large numbers of people in hard-hit countries with limited resources have died or are unable to work due to HIV. This has affected the development of these nations.
HIV affects people during their working years. Countries end up with lost productivity and, in many cases, a significant reduction in workforce. This all adds up to severe impacts on their national economies.
The average cost of treating a person with HIV over the course of their lifetime is $379,668. The