Asymptomatic hypertension is high blood pressure without symptoms. Regular screening is important to avoid potentially life threatening complications.
Your blood pressure is the pressure of your blood as it pushes against your artery walls. This pressure can rise and fall throughout your day depending on a number of factors, like exercise or stress. Some people may develop high blood pressure (hypertension) over time due to poor diet, too little physical activity, or underlying health conditions.
Many people without
Here’s what you need to know about asymptomatic hypertension, how common this condition is, and what treatments may help you avoid complications.
Hypertension is the medical term for high blood pressure (
You may be surprised to learn that
Individuals in this category — nearly
Tests can be done at a doctor or healthcare professional’s office during a routine visit. Your local pharmacy may also have a digital blood pressure machine that can give accurate readings without an appointment. Some people choose to monitor their blood pressure at home.
While high blood pressure may not cause symptoms, when it gets higher than
Experts say if you don’t have these symptoms but your blood pressure is in this range, wait
Symptoms of organ damage include:
Even without these symptoms, you could be experiencing what’s called a hypertensive emergency.
A person may have hypertension for
These complications may include:
Instead, high blood pressure may respond well over time to treatment with medication.
There are two main types of hypertension and also three subtypes. You won’t necessarily know what type you have by having a blood pressure reading alone.
The two main types are:
- Primary hypertension: This is high blood pressure caused by factors like your genetics, age, and lifestyle.
- Secondary hypertension: This is high blood pressure caused by an underlying health condition like kidney disease or obstructive sleep apnea.
From there, your high blood pressure may fall into the following subtypes:
- Resistant hypertension: This is high blood pressure that doesn’t respond to medications.
- Malignant hypertension: This is very high blood pressure that causes organ damage.
- Isolated systolic hypertension: This is when you have high systolic and normal diastolic blood pressure.
A doctor can run tests to determine exactly what type of hypertension you’re experiencing. From there, you’ll get a treatment plan to target the root cause, whether it be lifestyle factors, an underlying health condition, or something else.
Hypertension is a condition that can lead to potentially serious complications.
Testing your blood pressure regularly is the best way to monitor your status. If your numbers are consistently high, a doctor can prescribe medications to control your blood pressure and lower your risk of a hypertensive emergency and other complications.