Ever had the displeasure of not being able to fall asleep despite being exhausted? Or perhaps you finally drop off, but your sleep is restless and constantly interrupted.
Either way, you likely know the pain of searching for sleep solutions in the middle of the night.
Though there’s no one-size-fits-all answer, cultures around the world have come up with their own ways of making sure they get the rest they need.
Read on for sleep tips from South America, Sweden, and beyond.
If you like spa pedicures, give this one a try.
This nighttime custom has roots in Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM), and it’s a great way to wind down, soothe your tired tootsies, and reap the benefits of a little hot water therapy.
All you need is a bathtub or small plastic basin. You can dress up your hot water with different soothing ingredients, like:
- Epsom salt
- skin-safe essential oils, like lavender and rose
- fruit peels
- herbs like mugwort
According to TCM, this can help reduce the amount of vital energy, or qi, in the mind.
“The warm temperature will help draw the qi down from the head, leaving you more relaxed,” says Debbie Kung, a TCM doctor and licensed acupuncturist. “It relaxes the limbic system and signals to your brain and body to relax, preparing it for sleep.”
While research suggests there are health benefits, the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) doesn’t monitor or regulate the purity or quality of essential oils. It’s important to talk with a healthcare professional before you begin using essential oils and be sure to research the quality of a brand’s products. Always do a patch test before trying a new essential oil and dilute any essential oil with a carrier oil so it doesn’t burn your skin.
The jujube fruit (suan zao ren) is used in TCM to calm the mind and emotions, encouraging a relaxed mood and deep, restful sleep.
“Jujube contains two chemicals, saponins and flavonoids, which suppress feelings of stress while also promoting relaxation,” says Jamie Bacharach, a TCM practitioner and licensed acupuncturist.
Flavonoids and saponins can also help lengthen sleep time. Flavonoids in particular can boost time spent in slow wave sleep (SWS).
“SWS is the most restorative part of our sleep,” Kung addds. “Associated with memory and learning, a lack of this type of sleep can lead to reduced daytime functioning and alertness, as well as waking feeling unrefreshed.”
One of the most important herbs of Ayurveda medicine, the traditional medicine of the Indian subcontinent, ashwagandha has been used for thousands of years.
It’s used to reduce stress and anxiety and support the treatment of symptoms related to mental health.
In a 2020 randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled study, 150 healthy adults were given 120 mg of ashwagandha once daily for 6 weeks. The study found that ashwagandha:
- reduced sleep latency (the time it takes to fall asleep)
- improved quality of sleep
- reduced non-restorative sleep
- improved quality of life
However, the authors called for more safety data to determine potential adverse effects.
If your stomach is the way to your heart, it might just be the way to a good night’s sleep too.
“A classic trick to sleep better in Sweden — for kids and adults alike — is to drink Välling, a warm porridge-drink containing milk and oats, right before bedtime,” shares Karl Andersson, an expert on Nordic culture.
Nutrient-rich and filling, this milk cereal drink made from ground oats and cow’s milk is often given to babies and toddlers.
Warm milk is a common suggestion to induce sleepiness. It contains compounds known to support healthy sleep cycles, like:
The warmth of the milk and the soothing ritual may help bring on the Zzz’s, too.
However, it’s worth noting that a 2021 study done in Sweden found that feeding children a milk cereal drink while young may contribute to being overweight later in life, though more studies are needed to confirm this.
Another sleep-inducing food popular in Sweden is elk meat.
According to the
According to a 2022 review, tryptophan supplementation, especially over 1 gram, can aid sleep.
Try this elk Swedish meatballs recipe from the Primal Pioneer or Rocky Mountain Elk Stew from Honest Food.
Another Nordic tradition is the Finnish practice of enjoying a sauna in the evenings.
“This raises your body temperature, relaxes your muscles, and makes you very sleepy as a result,” Andersson says.
According to a
- congestive heart failure
- peripheral arterial disease
- rheumatoid arthritis
- depression and anxiety
- muscle recovery
According to a 2019 survey of 482 respondents, 83.5 percent reported sleep benefits that lasted 1 to 2 nights after using a sauna. Those who used it 5 to 15 times per month reported higher mental well-being scores than those who didn’t.
Just make sure to drink plenty of water.
“As long as you hydrate properly during the sauna you’ll sleep like a baby,” says Andersson.
The shikibuton is a Japanese futon mattress that’s used on the floor. It’s not only space-saving, but it may also offer sleep and health benefits.
Similar to the Korean yo, you can roll the shikibuton up and stow it away when you’re not using it. It’s typically made with eco-friendly and natural materials, like cotton and wool.
While there isn’t much research on the benefits of futon mattresses, like the shikibuton, it’s believed by some to help prevent or alleviate low back pain and provide support for the spine.
Want to give it a try? You can find shikibuton mattresses from the following sellers:
Be sure to opt for a shikibuton made of natural materials.
If you enjoy swinging away in a hammock outdoors, you may want to consider hanging one in the bedroom.
The hammock habit
Often overlooked in the United States, hammocks are seen as a legitimate sleeping option in South and Central America.
“The hammock provides two things that are crucial to sleep quality: safety and comfort,” says mattress store owner Stephen Light.
While most studies on the benefits of sleeping in hammocks have been on
In the study, 12 men took two 45 minute afternoon naps on separate days, one nap in a stationary bed and one in a swinging bed.
Using polysomnography and electroencephalogram (EEG) data, researchers found that napping in a swinging bed shortened the time it took the participants to fall asleep and lengthened stage 2 sleep, the stage prior to deep sleep.
Guatemala’s worry dolls
Worry dolls are handmade dolls originating from the highland indigenous people of Guatemala. They’re formed from wood, wire, or colorful fabrics and then dressed in traditional Mayan clothing.
The dolls are often given to anxious children, who are encouraged to tell their worries and fears to the doll before placing it under their pillow.
While there’s no scientific research that the dolls can actually take your worries away, it’s thought that the act of naming stressors and symbolically releasing them can help you process and cope with difficult emotions.
This can be a form of healthy transference.
According to a 2018 study, worry dolls have been used to provide pre-bereavement support to children to help them prepare for the death of a parent, resulting in less need for conventional bereavement services after the parent’s death.
The family bedroom
If you’d having trouble nodding off, cuddling up to your kids (or partner, or pet) may provide a source of sleep support.
According to a
While the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) doesn’t advocate bed sharing, it does recommend room sharing for at least the first 6 months to one year after birth.
A 2020 study of bed sharing between parents and children, partners, siblings, and pet owners and pets found that subjective reports of sleep quality were better when bed sharing, despite generally worse objective measures of sleep.
Of course, there are pros and cons to sharing your bed, and you know best whether this arrangement is right for you.
Chamomile tea has been used traditionally in cultures all over the world, from Russia to China to Great Britain. The tea is well-known for its soothing and calming capabilities.
“Chamomile tea contains apigenin, a chemical [that] binds to receptors in the brain and triggers sleepiness and relaxation,” Bacharach explains. “This, in turn, makes it an excellent, natural aid to combat insomnia and other sleep disorders.”
A 2017 study with 60 older adults showed that chamomile extract capsules (200 mg) taken twice a day for 28 consecutive days led to improvements in general sleep quality and sleep latency.
“Chamomile tea is best consumed roughly 45 minutes before bed to enjoy the most benefit,” Bacharach adds.
Looking to other countries and cultures offers a new perspective on how to get to sleep — and stay asleep.
Trying out these multicultural sleep solutions may get you the shut-eye you’ve been looking for.
Virginia Duan is the entertainment editor for Mochi Magazine and you can find her work on various sites like Scary Mommy, Romper, Mom.com, Diverging Mag, and Mochi Magazine. She reacts to K-pop on YouTube, hosts the Noona ARMY Podcast, and founded BrAzn AZN, a series for Asian Pacific Islander Desi American creatives. Located in the Bay Area of California, she bilingual homeschools her four kids in Chinese and English. You can follow her at mandarinmama.com.