Vitamin D is important for your eye health and can help prevent conditions that include macular degeneration.

Vitamin D is a vital nutrient for many areas of your health, including your eyes.

There are very few natural food sources for vitamin D, so it’s important to know how much you need and how you can make sure you’re getting enough.

This article explores what vitamin D does for eye health, whether it can help treat or prevent macular degeneration, and what other treatments exist for this progressive eye condition.

Vitamin D deficiency can cause a number of health conditions.

Vitamin D is made mostly in your skin after sun exposure, and it helps move vital nutrients and minerals throughout your body. You need vitamin D to avoid several health problems, and macular degeneration is one of them.

There is no cure for macular degeneration, but there are steps you can take to help prevent or slow the progression of this condition.

Macular degeneration is a leading cause of blindness in adults, and it’s helpful to know the risk factors.

In particular, experts suspect vitamin D to have antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties that help offset oxidative (disease-causing) stresses that cause macular degeneration.

Vitamin D can also help with wound healing and support tissue health.

Some studies suggest vitamin D has an association with a higher chance of macular degeneration, but not all of them show that link. Healthcare professionals don’t consider it a treatment for this condition.

If you have a vitamin D deficiency, supplementing your diet can help. But those supplements likely won’t completely prevent macular degeneration if you have other risk factors.

Learn what types of foods are rich in vitamin D.

Vitamin D deficiency is also linked to a number of other eye conditions like:

Like other tissues throughout your body, nutrients like vitamin D help support body functions, including eye health. Other nutrients, vitamins, and minerals that play an important role in eye health include:

Several things can help you lower your chance of developing age-related macular degeneration:

  • protecting your eyes from ultraviolet rays or trauma
  • wearing sunglasses and eye protection when possible
  • having your eyes examined regularly by a health professional
  • knowing your family eye history, and whether you have relatives with macular degeneration
  • quitting smoking, if you smoke
  • maintaining a balanced meal plan with nutritious foods

There is no cure for age-related macular degeneration, but some treatments and medications can help slow or stop the progression of vision loss.

Supplementation with various vitamins and minerals in the early stages of macular degeneration may help slow vision loss.

Other treatments involve laser therapies or injected medications called anti-VEGF drugs, but these treatments usually treat wet age-related macular degeneration specifically.

Vitamin and mineral supplementation is one of the first measures your healthcare professional may recommend if you have a high chance of developing or are in the early stages of macular degeneration.

There is no cure for macular degeneration.

But making sure your diet contains adequate amounts of vital nutrients like vitamin D can help support your health in many ways, including protecting your vision.

You can consult a healthcare professional about testing your vitamin D level and supplementation.