If you’ve been diagnosed with anxiety, your doctor may discuss lorazepam with you.

It’s a prescription drug that’s used for the short-term treatment of different types of anxiety. Lorazepam oral tablets are also prescribed for the:

It’s possible for anxiety to be a normal response to stressors in daily life. In this case, it doesn’t usually need to be treated with medication. But in other cases, anxiety is treated with drugs such as lorazepam.

Lorazepam oral tablets can be given to adults and some children.

To learn more about lorazepam’s uses, see the “What is lorazepam oral tablet used for?” section below. Read on to learn about the drug’s side effects, how it’s taken, and more.

Lorazepam oral tablet basics

Lorazepam oral tablets belong to a group of medications called benzodiazepines.

You’ll take these tablets by mouth.

Note: Lorazepam also comes in other forms, including an injection and a solution that’s taken by mouth. Only the oral tablet form of lorazepam is described in this article. If you’d like to learn about lorazepam’s other forms, talk with your doctor or pharmacist. Keep in mind that other forms of lorazepam may have other uses.

Lorazepam oral tablet brand-name versions

Lorazepam is the generic version of the brand-name drug Ativan.

Lorazepam oral tablet is a generic drug, which means it’s an exact copy of the active drug in a brand-name medication. The brand-name medication that lorazepam oral tablet is based on is called Ativan.

Generic drugs are thought to be as safe and effective as the brand-name drugs they’re based on. In general, generics usually cost less than brand-name drugs.

Brand and generic versions of a drug work in exactly the same way. They both have the same active ingredients. But generic drugs may have different inactive ingredients, such as fillers or binders. These inactive ingredients don’t affect how the drug works.

If you’d like to know more about using Ativan instead of lorazepam oral tablets, talk with your doctor. And, view this Healthline article to learn more about the differences between generic and brand-name drugs.

Like most drugs, lorazepam oral tablets may cause mild or serious side effects. The lists below describe some of the more common side effects that lorazepam oral tablets may cause. These lists don’t include all the possible side effects.

Keep in mind that side effects of a drug can depend on:

  • your age
  • other health conditions you may have
  • other medications you may be taking

Your doctor or pharmacist can tell you more about the potential side effects of lorazepam. They can also suggest ways to help reduce side effects.

Mild side effects

Here’s a short list of some of the mild side effects that lorazepam oral tablets can cause. To learn about other mild side effects, talk with your doctor or pharmacist, or read lorazepam oral tablets’ prescribing information.

Mild side effects of lorazepam oral tablets that have been reported include:

Mild side effects of many drugs may go away within a few days or a couple of weeks. But if they become bothersome, talk with your doctor or pharmacist.

Serious side effects

Serious side effects of lorazepam oral tablets can occur, but they aren’t common. If you have serious side effects, call your doctor right away. However, if you think you’re having a medical emergency, you should call 911 or your local emergency number.

Serious side effects of lorazepam oral tablets that have been reported include:

* For more information about this side effect, see the “Side effect focus” section below.

SUICIDE PREVENTION

If you think someone is at immediate risk of self-harm or hurting another person:

  • Call 911 or your local emergency number.
  • Stay with the person until help arrives.
  • Remove any guns, knives, medications, or other things that may cause harm.
  • Listen, but don’t judge, argue, threaten, or yell.

If you or someone you know is considering suicide, get help from a crisis or suicide prevention hotline. Try the National Suicide Prevention Lifeline at 800-273-8255.

Side effect focus

Learn more about some of the side effects that lorazepam oral tablets may cause.

Boxed warnings

Lorazepam oral tablets have boxed warnings. A boxed warning is a serious warning from the Food and Drug Administration (FDA). The medication’s boxed warnings are described below.

Risk of dependence. Taking lorazepam oral tablets can cause physical dependence. With dependence, your body becomes used to the drug and needs it for you to feel normal. This risk is higher with long-term use of lorazepam.

Suddenly stopping lorazepam after continued use over a long period can cause withdrawal symptoms. Withdrawal symptoms can be serious, and withdrawal may increase the risk of seizures.

Misuse and addiction. Lorazepam oral tablets have a risk of misuse and addiction. With misuse, a drug is taken in a way other than how it was prescribed. With addiction, a drug is taken even if it’s causing harm. Misusing lorazepam increases your risk for overdose and, in some cases, even death.

Use with opioid drugs. Taking lorazepam oral tablets with opioids can cause dangerous side effects. These include slowed or shallow breathing, sleepiness, coma, and even death. Some examples of opioids include hydrocodone and buprenorphine.

What might help

Because of the risks of this drug, lorazepam oral tablets are only used for short-term treatment. Before starting lorazepam, be sure to discuss your medical history with your doctor. Let them know if you’ve ever been affected by drug misuse, dependence, or addition.

Your doctor will monitor you carefully while you’re taking lorazepam. They may adjust your dosage of the drug or have you stop taking it if you have serious side effects. But don’t suddenly stop taking the drug before you speak with your doctor.

Also, be sure to talk with your doctor before taking other drugs with lorazepam oral tablets. Your doctor can tell you whether it’s safe to do so.

To learn more about misuse, see the “Can lorazepam oral tablets be misused?” section below. And to read more about risks of use with opioids, see “Interactions” in the “What should be considered before taking lorazepam oral tablets?” section.

Sleepiness

You may have sleepiness, including during waking hours, when you’re taking lorazepam oral tablets. This is a common side effect of the drug.

Sleepiness can affect your daily activities and ability to function, especially when you first start taking lorazepam.

What might help

While you’re taking lorazepam, be careful when doing activities that require you to be alert, such as driving.

If you have excessive sleepiness, tell your doctor. They may lower your dosage of the drug or adjust the timing of your doses to help prevent problems.

Keep in mind that lorazepam is used as a short-term treatment. So, side effects, including sleepiness, are usually temporary while you’re taking the drug. If sleepiness continues for you, talk with your doctor.

Side effects in older people

Lorazepam oral tablets may not be safe for use in older adults. This is because older people may be more sensitive to some of the drug’s side effects.

Some side effects of lorazepam that can especially affect older people include:

Also, keep in mind that it can take longer than usual for your body to clear lorazepam if you have liver or kidney problems. And having the drug build up in the body can lead to increased side effects. Older people may be more likely to have liver or kidney issues.

Additionally, older people may be taking other medications that can interact with lorazepam and lead to increased side effects.

What might help

Before taking lorazepam oral tablets, speak with your doctor about your health history and any medications you’re taking.

Your doctor may start you on a low dose of the drug. And they’ll monitor you to see how you do with lorazepam.

If you have excessive sleepiness or other side effects of lorazepam, tell your doctor. They may change your medication to help you avoid these problems.

Allergic reaction

Some people may have an allergic reaction to lorazepam oral tablets.

Symptoms of a mild allergic reaction can include:

  • skin rash
  • itchiness
  • flushing (temporary warmth, redness, or deepening of skin color)

A more severe allergic reaction is rare but possible. Symptoms of a severe allergic reaction can include swelling under your skin, typically in your eyelids, lips, hands, or feet. They can also include swelling of your tongue, mouth, or throat, which can cause trouble breathing.

Call your doctor right away if you have an allergic reaction to lorazepam oral tablets. But if you think you’re having a medical emergency, call 911 or your local emergency number.

Your doctor will explain how you should take lorazepam. They will also explain how much to take and how often. Be sure to follow your doctor’s instructions. Below are commonly used dosages, but always take the dosage your doctor prescribes.

Taking lorazepam oral tablet

You’ll take lorazepam oral tablets by mouth. They come in these strengths:

  • 0.5 milligrams (mg)
  • 1 mg
  • 2 mg

Dosage

For anxiety, you’ll likely take lorazepam oral tablets one to three times each day. Your doctor can tell you when to take lorazepam doses for anxiety.

For insomnia that’s related to anxiety or anxiety that’s related to depression, your dosage may be different, based on your condition.

Your doctor may prescribe a low dosage for you when you start the treatment. Then, they may gradually increase your dosage if needed.

Your lorazepam dosage depends on:

  • your age
  • the condition you’re treating
  • other medications you may be taking
  • other health conditions you may have

In some cases, your doctor may prescribe a 5-mg dose of lorazepam. The drug doesn’t come in this strength, and it’s not a standard dose of lorazepam. So, in this case, you’ll need to combine different strengths of the drug to equal a 5-mg dose.

Your doctor or pharmacist can tell you more about your dosage and how to take this medication.

Taking lorazepam oral tablet with other drugs

Lorazepam may be prescribed with other drugs to treat anxiety. But it can also be used by itself for anxiety.

If you’re also taking other medications, your doctor may adjust your dosage of lorazepam. This can help lower your risk for side effects of the treatment.

Talk with your doctor for information about taking other drugs with lorazepam. They can tell you how this would affect your dosage and risk for side effects.

Questions about taking lorazepam oral tablet

Here are a few common questions about taking lorazepam oral tablets.

  • What if I miss a dose of lorazepam oral tablets? If you miss a dose, take it as soon as you remember. But don’t double your dose if it’s close to your next scheduled dose. In that case, just skip the missed dose and continue with your regularly scheduled dose. If you need help remembering when to take your medications, consider using reminder tools. If you’re not sure whether to take a missed dose, ask your doctor or pharmacist.
  • Will I need to take lorazepam oral tablets long term? No. For anxiety treatment, lorazepam is only used in the short term, for up to 4 months. This drug has risks for dependence, misuse, and addiction. So, it’s only recommended for short-term use. (To learn more about these risks, see the “What are lorazepam oral tablet’s side effects?” section above.) Talk with your doctor about the risks and benefits of lorazepam treatment and how long you should take this drug.
  • Can lorazepam oral tablets be chewed, crushed, or split? Yes, you can crush, chew, or split lorazepam oral tablets. But not all lorazepam oral tablets are scored (have a line across them). If you need to split lorazepam tablets, talk with your pharmacist. They can give you scored tablets and show you how to split them accurately.
  • Should I take lorazepam oral tablets with food? Food doesn’t change the way lorazepam works in your body. You can take it with or without food. But you can time your doses with meals, if this helps you remember to take them.
  • How long do lorazepam oral tablets take to work? This drug starts to work soon after you take it. But it may take 2 hours or so before you notice the full effect of your lorazepam dose.
Questions for your doctor

You may have questions about lorazepam oral tablets and your treatment plan. It’s important to discuss all your concerns with your doctor.

Here are a few tips that might help guide your discussion:

  • Before your appointment, write down questions like:
    • How will lorazepam oral tablets affect my body, mood, or lifestyle?
  • Bring someone to your appointment if doing so will help you feel more comfortable.
  • If you don’t understand something related to your condition or treatment, ask your doctor to explain it to you.

Remember, your doctor and other healthcare professionals are available to help you. And they want you to get the best care possible. So, don’t be afraid to ask questions or offer feedback about your treatment.

Find answers to some commonly asked questions about lorazepam oral tablets.

How does lorazepam work? What’s its half-life, and how long does it stay in your system?

Lorazepam works by increasing levels of a certain brain chemical called gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) in your body. This is the drug’s mechanism of action. Boosting GABA levels has a calming effect, which helps reduce anxiety.

The half-life of lorazepam oral tablets is about 12 hours. This means that it takes around 12 hours for half a dose of the drug to leave your body. But, this timing can actually range from 10 to 20 hours.

How long lorazepam oral tablets take to start working, and how long they stay in your body depend on:

  • your overall health
  • your age
  • other factors, such as other medications you may be taking

For example, how long a 0.5-mg dose lasts in your body can depend on whether you have any other health conditions, such as liver or kidney problems. It can also depend on how quickly the drug breaks down inside your body. These factors can affect how long the drug lasts in your system after you take a dose.

Is lorazepam used to help with sleep? If so, what’s the dosage for sleep?

Sometimes it is. For instance, your doctor may prescribe lorazepam oral tablets on a short-term basis if you have insomnia (trouble sleeping) that’s related to anxiety.

This drug causes sedation (sleepiness), but for most people this is a temporary side effect. The drug isn’t used for insomnia that’s not related to anxiety. Instead, other drugs are approved to treat that type of insomnia.

If you have insomnia from anxiety, ask your doctor if lorazepam is right for you. And if you’d like to know about dosages of lorazepam for insomnia, talk with your doctor. They can recommend the dosage that’s right for you.

How is lorazepam similar to clonazepam?

Lorazepam and clonazepam belong to the same group of medications, called benzodiazepines. They’re both prescription drugs, and they have some similarities and a few differences.

These drugs work in similar ways to help manage anxiety symptoms. They also have similar side effects, drug interactions, and warnings related to their use.

Lorazepam and clonazepam both have brand-name and generic versions. But, they have different active ingredients and dosage forms, and some unique uses.

To learn more about the differences between lorazepam and clonazepam, talk with your doctor. They can recommend which drug is best for your condition.

Is lorazepam a controlled substance?

Yes, lorazepam oral tablets are a controlled substance.

Specifically, they’re a Schedule IV controlled medication. The government agency called the Drug Enforcement Administration has assigned a schedule to them. This is because while lorazepam has an accepted medical use, it also:*

With dependence, your body needs a drug in order for you to feel normal. And with misuse, a drug is taken in a way other than how it was prescribed.

If you have questions about lorazepam, given that it’s a controlled substance, talk with your doctor or pharmacist.

* Lorazepam oral tablets have a boxed warning about addiction and misuse. Boxed warnings are serious warnings from the FDA. For more information about lorazepam’s boxed warnings, see the “What are lorazepam oral tablet’s side effects?” section above.

Does lorazepam treat alcohol withdrawal, nausea, or seizures?

These aren’t approved uses for lorazepam oral tablets. But, your doctor may prescribe lorazepam off-label for these uses. (With off-label use, a drug is given for a purpose other than its approved use.)

For instance, lorazepam oral tablets may be used off-label for nausea and vomiting related to chemotherapy or vertigo (dizziness). The drug may also be used to manage symptoms associated with alcohol withdrawal. These symptoms can include nausea and anxiety, among others.

The injectable form of lorazepam is approved to treat a severe type of seizure called status epilepticus. But lorazepam oral tablets aren’t approved for that use.

If you have questions about off-label uses of lorazepam, talk with your doctor.

Is lorazepam a narcotic?

No, lorazepam isn’t a narcotic. Instead, it belongs to a group of drugs called benzodiazepines. Narcotics are a type of opioid drug.

Benzodiazepines work in different ways in the brain than narcotics do.

Like lorazepam, narcotics are scheduled drugs because they may be misused or cause dependence and addiction.* To learn more about scheduled drugs, see “Is lorazepam a controlled substance?” above.

With dependence, your body needs a drug in order for you to feel normal. With misuse, a drug is taken in a way other than how it was prescribed. And with addiction, a drug is taken even if it’s causing harm.

Narcotics are used to manage pain, but benzodiazepines such as lorazepam are used to manage anxiety.

* Lorazepam oral tablets have a boxed warning about addiction and misuse. Boxed warnings are serious warnings from the FDA. For more information about lorazepam’s boxed warnings, see the “What are lorazepam oral tablet’s side effects?” section above.

Before you start treatment with lorazepam, tell your doctor about all of the medications you take and any health problems you have. This includes whether you have:

Also, tell your doctor if you:

  • are pregnant or planning to become pregnant
  • are breastfeeding or planning to breastfeed
  • drink alcohol regularly

Your doctor can discuss with you whether lorazepam oral tablets are safe for you to take.

Interactions

Taking medications or having vaccines, certain foods, and other things with a certain drug can affect how the drug works. These effects are called interactions.

Before taking lorazepam oral tablets, be sure to tell your doctor about all medications you take, including prescription and over-the-counter types. Also describe any vitamins, herbs, or supplements you use. Your doctor or pharmacist can tell you about any interactions that these items may cause with lorazepam oral tablets.

Interactions with drugs or supplements

Lorazepam oral tablets can interact with several types of drugs. Taking certain drugs with lorazepam may increase side effects, which can be serious, in some cases.

Examples of these drugs include:

This list does not contain all the types of drugs that may interact with lorazepam oral tablets. Your doctor or pharmacist can tell you more about these interactions and any others that may occur with the use of lorazepam oral tablets.

* Lorazepam oral tablets have a boxed warning about addiction and misuse. Boxed warnings are serious warnings from the FDA. For more information about lorazepam’s boxed warnings, see the “What are lorazepam oral tablet’s side effects?” section above.

Other interactions

Some herbs and supplements can cause sedation (sleepiness). Taking these products with lorazepam oral tablets can increase the side effects of lorazepam.

Some examples of herbs that cause drowsiness include:

Always discuss any over-the-counter products you’re taking with your doctor to help prevent serious side effects.

Also, avoid using cannabis (marijuana) while you’re taking lorazepam. Taking lorazepam with marijuana or prescription drugs that contain cannabidiol can cause serious sedation. And this may increase your risk for breathing problems and other dangerous side effects.

Your doctor or pharmacist can provide more information about this interaction and others.

Boxed warnings

Lorazepam oral tablets have boxed warnings about the risks of dependence, misuse, and addiction.

With dependence, your body needs a drug in order for you to feel normal. With misuse, a drug is taken in a way other than how it was prescribed. And with addiction, a drug is taken even if it’s causing harm.

Lorazepam oral tablets also have a boxed warning about risks if used with opioids. This drug may cause dangerous side effects if it’s taken with opioids.

Boxed warnings are serious warnings from the FDA. For more information about lorazepam’s boxed warnings, see the “What are lorazepam oral tablet’s side effects?” section above.

Other warnings

Lorazepam oral tablets may not be right for you if you have certain medical conditions or other factors that affect your health. Talk with your doctor about your health history before you take lorazepam oral tablets. Some factors to consider include those in the list below.

  • Acute narrow angle glaucoma. Lorazepam may not be safe to take if you have an eye condition called acute narrow angle glaucoma. If you have this, ask your doctor about other medications you can take to manage your anxiety.
  • Allergic reaction. If you’ve had an allergic reaction to lorazepam oral tablets or any of their ingredients, you shouldn’t take the tablets. Ask your doctor what other medications are better options for you.
  • Liver and kidney disease. If you have problems with your liver or kidneys, it may take longer for your body to clear lorazepam. In that case, your doctor may need to adjust your dosage of the drug. They can check how well your liver and kidneys are working and recommend the dosage that’s right for you.
  • Misuse or addiction.* Lorazepam oral tablets can increase your risk for misuse and addiction. (With misuse, a drug is taken in a way other than how it was prescribed. And with addiction, a drug is taken even if it’s causing harm.) If you’ve had these conditions in the past, be sure to tell your doctor. Misusing lorazepam increases your risk for overdose, and in some cases death. Your doctor can discuss the risks of lorazepam and recommend whether it’s safe for you to take.
  • Depression. If you have depression or you’ve had it in the past, tell your doctor. In some people, lorazepam may worsen depression symptoms. In this case, it may not be suitable for you. Your doctor can provide more information.
  • Breathing trouble. Lorazepam may not be safe for you to take if you have problems with your lungs. Examples could include chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), asthma, or sleep apnea. Depending on your condition, your doctor may need to adjust your dosage of lorazepam. Or, they may recommend that you avoid lorazepam. Ask your doctor for more information if you have breathing problems.

* Lorazepam oral tablets have a boxed warning about addiction and misuse. Boxed warnings are serious warnings from the FDA. For more information about lorazepam’s boxed warnings, see the “What are lorazepam oral tablet’s side effects?” section above.

Use with alcohol

Drinking alcohol while taking lorazepam oral tablets can cause dangerous side effects. These include:

You should avoid drinking alcohol while you’re taking lorazepam. If you drink alcohol regularly, ask your doctor if lorazepam is safe for you to take.

Pregnancy and breastfeeding

You should avoid taking lorazepam if you’re pregnant or breastfeeding.

The drug isn’t safe to take during pregnancy because it can harm an unborn baby. Lorazepam can also pass into breast milk, and it’s unsafe for breastfed children.

Let your doctor know if you’re pregnant or breastfeeding. They’ll recommend other treatments for your condition that are safer for you.

If you’ve been diagnosed with anxiety symptoms, your doctor may discuss lorazepam with you. It’s prescribed for adults and children ages 12 years and older.

Lorazepam oral tablets are used for the short-term treatment of different types of anxiety. They’re also prescribed for the:

With anxiety you may feel nervous, fearful, or stressed in certain situations. These might include events such as a job interview, meeting new people, or public speaking.

Anxiety is generally temporary. But if you experience long-term anxiety that lasts more than 6 months, you may have an anxiety disorder. This can interfere with your daily activities and ability to function.

It’s possible for anxiety to be a normal response to the stressors of daily life. In this case, it doesn’t usually need to be treated with medication. But in other cases, anxiety is treated with drugs such as lorazepam.

Lorazepam is used short term for anxiety symptoms. It increases levels of the brain chemical gamma-aminobutyric acid. This helps you feel calm and relaxed, and it reduces your anxiety symptoms. Lorazepam isn’t recommended for long-term use.

Your doctor may also prescribe lorazepam off-label for other uses. (With off-label use, a drug is given for a purpose other than its approved uses.) Examples of off-label uses for lorazepam include:

Your doctor can give you more information about lorazepam’s uses. They can also describe whether the drug is safe for you to take based on your health history.

Lorazepam and alprazolam have brand-name and generic versions. The brand name for lorazepam is Ativan, and the brand name for alprazolam is Xanax.

Both medications belong to a group of drugs called benzodiazepines, and they work in similar ways.

These drugs have different active ingredients, but they’re both used to treat anxiety symptoms. And they both come as tablets that you’ll take by mouth. Both lorazepam and alprazolam have similar side effects and drug interactions.

To learn more about how Ativan and Xanax compare, see this article. Be sure to ask your doctor which drug is right for you.

Yes, lorazepam is sometimes misused. In fact, the drug has boxed warnings about the risks of misuse, dependence, and addiction. A boxed warning is a serious warning from the Food and Drug Administration (FDA).

With misuse, a drug is taken differently than how it was prescribed. For example, it may be taken more often or at a higher dose than prescribed. With dependence, your body becomes used to the drug and needs it in order for you to feel normal. And with addiction, a drug is taken even if it’s causing harm.

Misusing lorazepam to become “high” can increase your risk of dangerous side effects. These include overdose, addiction, and in some cases, death.

Additionally, taking lorazepam oral tablets in ways other than how they’re prescribed can be dangerous. This includes taking them by snorting, rather than by swallowing, as is intended. Be sure to take lorazepam exactly as your doctor has prescribed.

Lorazepam isn’t recommended for long-term use. Taking lorazepam in higher doses or for longer than recommended can increase your risk for overdose, misuse, dependence, and addiction. This is why it’s important to take the drug exactly as your doctor prescribes.

If you’re not getting relief from your anxiety symptoms with lorazepam, tell your doctor. They can discuss ways to manage your symptoms. But don’t change your dosage of lorazepam on your own.

Don’t take more lorazepam oral tablets than your doctor prescribes. Taking more than this can lead to serious side effects.

Symptoms of overdose

Symptoms caused by an overdose can include:

What to do if you take too much lorazepam

Call your doctor if you think you’ve taken too many lorazepam oral tablets. You can also call 800-222-1222 to reach the American Association of Poison Control Centers or use their online resource. However, if you have severe symptoms, immediately call 911 (or your local emergency number) or go to the nearest emergency room.

Costs of prescription drugs can vary depending on many factors. These factors include what your insurance plan covers and which pharmacy you use. To find current prices for lorazepam oral tablets in your area, visit GoodRx.com.

Assistance to help you pay for lorazepam oral tablets may be available. Medicine Assistance Tool and NeedyMeds are two websites that provide resources to help reduce the cost of this medication.

These websites also have tools to help you find low-cost healthcare and certain educational resources. To learn more, visit the websites.

If you’ve been diagnosed with anxiety, your doctor may discuss lorazepam with you.

Several types of treatments can help manage anxiety. Your doctor may discuss lorazepam as one possibility to consider. But keep in mind, it’s only for temporary relief of anxiety. Ask your doctor about other options to manage your anxiety long term.

It’s normal to have questions about your condition and its treatment options. Here are a few questions you might consider asking your doctor:

  • How long is it safe to take lorazepam?
  • Will my anxiety come back if I stop taking lorazepam?
  • Are there other treatment options available to manage anxiety that don’t carry a risk of misuse, dependence, and addiction?

You can learn more about other drug-based treatment options for anxiety here. Also, you can check out possible natural solutions for anxiety in this article.

To learn more about anxiety and its treatment options, sign up for Healthline’s anxiety newsletter.

Disclaimer: Healthline has made every effort to make certain that all information is factually correct, comprehensive, and up to date. However, this article should not be used as a substitute for the knowledge and expertise of a licensed healthcare professional. You should always consult your doctor or another healthcare professional before taking any medication. The drug information contained herein is subject to change and is not intended to cover all possible uses, directions, precautions, warnings, drug interactions, allergic reactions, or adverse effects. The absence of warnings or other information for a given drug does not indicate that the drug or drug combination is safe, effective, or appropriate for all patients or all specific uses.