When it comes to alcohol and fertility, the focus is quite often on the woman.
We know about the harmful effects of drinking while pregnant, but what about drinking before pregnancy? And how does drinking affect male fertility? Is it a big deal? Should you even worry about it?
Yes, you should.
Alcohol, even in moderate amounts, can affect your sexual health. It can lead to loss of libido and infertility in both men and women.
Read on to learn how alcohol affects sperm and male and female fertility.
Social alcohol use is common around the world, but heavy drinking has lots of bad health effects. In the United States, a 2015 survey found nearly 27 percent of those 18 or older reported binge drinking in the past month.
According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), in approximately
More than 14 mixed drinks in a week can lower testosterone levels and affect sperm count.
|Binge drinking||Heavy drinking||Underage drinking||Pregnant drinking|
|Males||5 or more drinks on one occasion (within 2 to 3 hours)||15 or more drinks per week||any alcohol used under age 21||n/a|
|Females||4 or more drinks on one occasion (within 2 to 3 hours)||8 or more drinks per week||any alcohol used under age 21||any alcohol|
In men, heavy drinking
- lowering testosterone levels, follicle stimulating hormone, and luteinizing hormone, and raising estrogen levels, which reduce sperm production
- shrinking the testes, which can cause impotence or infertility
gonadotropinrelease which impacts sperm production
- causing early ejaculation or decreased ejaculation
- changing the shape, size, and movement of healthy sperm
Combining drugs like marijuana or opioids with alcohol also lowers fertility. In addition, liver disease caused by excessive drinking can change sperm
Moreover, recent animal and human
The good news is that the effects are reversible. One
Alcohol can lower the chances of becoming pregnant.
According to a recent
- interrupting menstrual cycle and ovulation causing changes to ovarian function, known as amenorrhea and anovulation, respectively
- changing hormone levels of testosterone, estradiol and luteinizing hormone
- causing hyperprolactinemia or high prolactin in the blood
A healthy lifestyle is a crucial part of boosting fertility. Excessive drinking, stress, anxiety, being overweight, and smoking can all hurt your health and fertility.
You can also try home test kits. However, these kits will only tell you sperm count. They don’t tell you about other possible reasons for infertility such as quality or movement of sperm.
It’s best to speak to your doctor if you have concerns and are considering testing your sperm.
Whether you’ve been trying for a while or you’re just starting to plan for a family, there’s no time like the present to make some healthy lifestyle changes.
You can make a healthy start by:
- managing your weight
- following a healthy diet
- getting into a regular exercise routine
- practicing self-care
- quitting smoking and excessive drinking
- managing any chronic conditions, such as diabetes, high blood pressure, asthma, or other conditions
Schedule an appointment with your doctor to talk about any specific fertility concerns. Always talk to your pharmacist and doctor before you consider any over-the-counter vitamins or supplements.