Major depressive disorder (MDD), also known as clinical depression, major depression, or unipolar depression, is one of the most common mental health disorders in the United States.

More than 17.3 million U.S. adults had at least one depressive episode in 2017 — that’s about 7.1 percent of the U.S. population over age 18.

A key aspect in evaluating the success of your treatment is measuring how well your symptoms and side effects are being managed.

Sometimes, even if you’re sticking with your treatment plan, you may still experience any number of residual symptoms, including risk of suicidality and functional impairment.

Here are some questions to ask yourself, and others to ask your doctor if you have MDD.

Primary care physicians (PCPs) can diagnose depression and prescribe medications, but there’s wide variability in both the expertise and comfort level among individual PCPs.

Seeing a healthcare provider who specializes in treating mental health conditions may be the best option for you. These providers include:

While all PCPs are licensed to prescribe antidepressants, most psychologists and counselors are not.

Most people will see the most beneficial results when their depression treatment consists of both medication and psychotherapy.

If your doctor is using only one type of treatment and you feel that your condition isn’t being treated thoroughly, ask about adding a second component, which may increase your chances of success and recovery.

The goal of treatment for depression isn’t to relieve some symptoms, but to relieve most, if not all, symptoms.

If you have any lingering symptoms of depression, talk to your doctor about them. They can help you adjust your treatment plan to alleviate them.

An irregular sleep pattern may suggest that your depression isn’t being adequately or completely treated. For most people with depression, insomnia is the biggest problem.

However, some people feel as if they can’t get enough sleep, despite many hours of sleep each day. This is called hypersomnia.

If your sleep pattern is changing, or you begin having renewed sleep problems, talk with your doctor about your symptoms and treatment plan.

Research shows that 46 percent of people who die by suicide had a known mental health disorder.

If you’ve thought about suicide, or a loved one has expressed thoughts of taking their life, get help right away. Contact a healthcare professional or seek help from a mental health provider.

If left untreated, depression can have a serious impact on a person and their family. It can lead to other complications, both physical and emotional, including:

  • alcohol misuse
  • substance use disorders
  • anxiety disorder
  • family conflicts or relationship problems
  • work- or school-related problems
  • social isolation or difficulty building and maintaining relationships
  • suicide
  • immune disorders

Several different types of antidepressants may be used to treat depression. Antidepressants are typically categorized by which chemicals (neurotransmitters) in the brain they affect.

Finding the right medication may take some time as you and your doctor work through the various categories of antidepressants, monitoring to see what, if any, side effects you experience.

Talk with your doctor about your medication regimen. Treatment of depression usually requires both medication and psychotherapy in order to be successful.