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If you have a toothache, it’s important to figure out what’s at the root of your discomfort. From there, you can determine how to best relieve any pain, swelling, or other symptoms.
A regular salt water rinse and cold compress application can typically remedy minor irritation, but more serious toothaches may require a dentist’s intervention.
If your symptoms persist for more than a day or two, see your dentist. They can provide guidance on how to relieve your symptoms and prevent future pain.
You should also talk with your dentist before using any of the following remedies if you’re pregnant, breastfeeding, or have any medical condition that may be impacted by herbal ingredients.
Keep reading to learn more.
For many people, a salt water rinse is an effective first-line treatment. Salt water is a natural disinfectant, and it can help loosen food particles and debris that may be stuck in between your teeth.
To use this approach, mix 1/2 teaspoon (tsp) of salt into a glass of warm water and use it as a mouthwash.
Make sure you properly dilute the hydrogen peroxide. To do this, mix 3-percent hydrogen peroxide with equal parts water, and use it as a mouthwash. Don’t swallow it.
You can use a cold compress to relieve any pain you’re experiencing, especially if any type of trauma has caused your toothache.
When you apply a cold compress, it causes the blood vessels in the area to constrict. This makes pain less severe. The cold can also reduce any swelling and inflammation.
To use this approach, hold a towel-wrapped bag of ice to the affected area for 20 minutes at a time. You can repeat this every few hours.
Allow a used tea bag to cool down a little before applying it to the affected area. It should still be slightly warm.
For thousands of years, garlic has been recognized and used for its medicinal properties. It also has
To use garlic on a toothache, crush a garlic clove to create a paste and apply it to the affected area. You may wish to add a tiny bit of salt. Alternatively, you can slowly chew a clove of fresh garlic.
To use this remedy, dab a small amount of vanilla extract onto your finger or a cotton ball. Apply it directly to the affected area a few times per day.
You can do the following remedies at home, but you may need to source the ingredients from your local health food store or online.
Your mouth, teeth, and gums are likely sensitive at this time, so it’s especially important to purchase these ingredients from a reputable manufacturer. This can reduce your risk of potential irritation.
To use this approach, dilute clove oil with a carrier oil, like sunflower or jojoba oil. Use a ratio of about 15 drops of clove oil to one ounce of carrier oil, according to the National Association of Holistic Aromatherapy.
Then, dab a small amount of the diluted oil onto a cotton ball and apply it to the affected area a few times a day.
You can also add a drop of clove oil to a small glass of water and make a mouthwash.
To use this remedy, chew on fresh guava leaves or add crushed guava leaves to boiling water to make a mouthwash.
You can drink wheatgrass or use it as a mouthwash.
To use this, dilute thyme essential oil with a carrier oil, and then apply it to the affected area.
You can also add a drop of the oil to a small glass of water and make a mouthwash.
The aptly named toothache plant is a flowering plant that grows in tropical and subtropical regions. Its active compound, spilanthol, has anti-inflammatory properties, according to a
Though this plant is generally considered safe, you shouldn’t use it if:
If your toothache is severe or is the result of a more serious medical condition, it’s crucial that you see your dentist so you can treat it properly. Many toothaches will require medical attention. An over-the-counter pain reliever such as ibuprofen could help until you see a dentist.
You should also see your dentist if you experience any of the following symptoms:
- trouble breathing or swallowing
- general pain that lasts more than one or two days
- pain when you bite
- abnormally red gums
- foul-tasting discharge, or pus
What to expect from your dentist
During your appointment, your dentist will examine your mouth. They’ll try to figure out what’s causing your toothache. They may also take an x-ray.
How they treat your toothache will depend on the cause.
- If your toothache is caused by dental decay, they’ll likely remove the decay and put in a filling.
- If an existing filling is causing the pain, they may replace it with a new filling.
- If you have an abscess, they may prescribe antibiotics, perform a root canal, or extract your tooth.
- If your pain is caused by grinding or clenching your teeth, they may recommend a mouthguard.