Uterine cancer is the most common gynecological cancer. The risk for this cancer grows as you age.
Uterine cancer is the most common cancer that affects female reproductive organs. It’s sometimes referred to as endometrial cancer or endometrial carcinoma because approximately
For up to 10% of people with uterine cancer, the muscle layer or supportive tissues are where cancer begins. When this happens, it’s classified as uterine sarcoma.
The signs and symptoms of uterine cancer can be easily missed. They’re often the same symptoms of noncancerous conditions.
Understanding how common uterine cancer is can help you maintain awareness and seek medical attention sooner rather than later.
Uterine cancer is the
According to the
If you’re an American female, your lifetime risk of endometrial cancer is approximately
Uterine cancer is a worldwide challenge. A 2019 global burden of disease study found the rate of endometrial cancer around the world is increasing: In 2018, there were an estimated 382,069 new cases globally, and by 2040, the rate is expected to grow by more than 50% worldwide.
Risk factors increase your overall chance of developing a specific condition. They are not a guarantee you will develop an illness or disease.
Ultimately, anyone with a uterus can develop uterine cancer. There’s no way to predict who will be affected, but understanding your risk level can help your doctor develop a screening strategy.
Factors that can increase the chance of developing uterine cancer include:
- having obesity
- being older than
- having a history of fertility challenges or never being pregnant
- experiencing menopause
- receiving estrogen therapy
- starting menstrual cycles early or entering menopause late
- using tamoxifen, a breast cancer drug
- having a history of ovarian tumors or polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS)
- eating a high fat diet
- being inactive
- living with type 2 diabetes
- having a family history of uterine, ovarian, or colon cancer
- receiving a previous diagnosis of breast or ovarian cancer
- having a history of endometrial hyperplasia
- receiving pelvic radiation therapy
What age group is most susceptible to uterine cancer?
The majority of people who receive an endometrial cancer diagnosis are around 60 years old. It’s typically seen in postmenopause and is therefore uncommon if you’re younger than age 45 years.
The survival rate for uterine cancer depends on the type of uterine cancer.
According to the
Survival rates improve the earlier cancer is discovered. The 5-year survival rate for localized endometrial cancer is 96%. Distant endometrial cancer, or cancer that has spread to far sites in the body, has a 5-year survival rate of 20%, according to the American Cancer Society.
When diagnosed early, endometrial cancer can be cured. Approximately
Uterine sarcoma survival rates
If you notice any signs or symptoms or have a high risk of uterine cancer, a doctor may take a uterine tissue sample and order diagnostic imaging, like ultrasonography, to confirm a diagnosis.
“Uterine cancer” is a collective term that includes cancers originating in the lining of the uterus and those of the muscle and connective tissues.
It’s sometimes called endometrial cancer because many uterine cancers originate in the endometrium.
As the most common gynecological cancer, uterine cancer affects more than 66,000 people in the United States annually, and the rate of occurrence is growing worldwide.
You cannot prevent uterine cancer, and there are no recommended routine screening tests. When diagnosed early, however, uterine cancer has a high survival rate.
Obesity, a family history of gynecological cancer, and type 2 diabetes are a few factors that can increase your risk of developing uterine cancer.