A calvarial fracture means that a break in the skull has occurred. Your doctor can use imagery like CT and MRI scans, along with neurological testing, to determine how extensive the injury is.
Traumatic brain injuries were responsible for
It’s important to know the warning signs of a calvarial fracture so you can seek appropriate medical help.
Not all skull fractures require surgery, but it is important to see your doctor if you suspect a fracture so they can determine the extent of any possible injuries and recommend an appropriate treatment plan.
A calvarial fracture is a break in a part of the skull called the calvarium. Calvarial fractures
Learn more about the bones of the skull.
Symptoms of a calvarial fracture include:
If a calvarial fracture is suspected, doctors will
Treatment for a calvarial fracture depends on the exact location and extent of the fracture.
Smaller fractures may only require observation. In addition to a brain scan, your doctor
More severe calvarial fractures
Antibiotics and medications to prevent seizures will typically be given before and after surgery.
Following a skull fracture, someone
- bleeding or blood clots inside the brain
- further fracturing of the skull bone
- traumatic brain injury
There is a possibility for long-term neurological damage following a calvarial fracture. If the brain is affected by the cause of the fracture, you may lose language or motor skills.
Risk factors for calvarial fractures include:
- falls or direct blows to the head
- seizure disorders
- gait instability (being unsteady on your feet)
- vehicle accidents
- sport-related injuries
- exposure to abusive relationships and environments
- birth trauma
The outlook for someone with a calvarial fracture
- the location of the fracture
- the extent of the damage
- whether they had complications like infections or seizures
- the amount of time before treatment
- having an underlying brain condition
- if there is a brain hematoma (bruise or bleed) and how severe it is
People who get treatment quickly, have a simple fracture, and have minimal complications are more likely to have positive outcomes.
Anyone with more complications and complex fractures will typically require more hospital time and have a greater risk of fatality.
Can a skull fracture heal on its own?
Some skull fractures do not require surgery. However, it’s important that doctors monitor and check all potential skull fractures to determine the extent of any injuries and what types of treatment may be necessary.
Are pediatric skull fractures more common than adult ones?
A child’s head also makes up a larger percentage of their body than an adult’s head does.
What kinds of information should you provide your doctor about a head injury?
It’s important to tell your doctor about the events leading up to the head injury and how you responded right after the injury, such as:
- loss of consciousness
- crying out
- altered mental status
- how your condition has changed since the injury
A doctor will also need to know about your past medical history, including any medications you’re currently taking.
Calvarial fractures are breaks in the skull. Often the result of a fall or accident, serious health complications can result.
If you believe that you might have a calvarial fracture, it’s important to notify a doctor right away. They can perform diagnostic imaging like a CT or MRI scan to determine the extent of the injury.