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Not sure if you’ve had too much alcohol? A blood alcohol level chart shows how much impairment begins as soon as you have a drink.
Alcohol affects everyone differently. Some people seem unfazed after a night of drinking, while for others, one glass can be enough to take away judgment and motor skills.
But just because you do not see the visible effects of alcohol, it doesn’t mean you aren’t impaired. As your blood alcohol concentration (BAC) rises, so does your loss of ability.
Blood alcohol level charts can help you understand the effects of drinking based on your weight and sex. The charts can also help you plan ahead if alcohol is on the menu.
The National Highway Safety Administration (NHTSA) uses
- 12-ounce beer
- 5-ounce table wine
- 1.5-ounce 80-proof liquor
The following charts show how your blood alcohol levels change as you consume alcohol.
As the current science has only been conducted on cisgender males and females, transgender or intersex individuals may be safer following the most conservative recommendations for their weight range.
Who you gonna call?
When it comes to driving, most U.S. states place the legal limit at 0.08% BAC (0.08 grams of alcohol per deciliter of blood), but alcohol doesn’t wait for 0.08% before it affects your functioning.
If you or a friend has consumed too much alcohol to safely operate a vehicle, you can arrange for a designated driver through national services like:
If you’re out at a bar, many facilities keep local listings on hand to help you arrange transport if you cannot do it yourself. Don’t be afraid to ask your server or bartender for assistance arranging a commercial driver ― they also want to make sure you get home safely.
The symptoms of impairment can start as soon as you have a drink and may become worse the faster you drink.
|BAC level||Standard effects|
|0.02||• muscle relaxation|
• altered mood
• increased body warmth
• decline in visual function
• diminished capacity to multitask
• loss of judgment
|0.05||• loss of fine motor control|
• exaggerated behavior
• reduced coordination
• lowered reaction time
• impaired judgment
• low alertness
• heightened mood
• lack of inhibition
|0.08||• small and large motor function decline|
• poor hearing, seeing, speaking, and coordination
• short-term memory loss
• inability to concentrate
• impaired perception
• reduced cognitive processing speed
|0.10||• noticeable lack of reaction time|
• slurred speech
• slowed thinking
• poor coordination
|0.15+||• major loss of motor control|
• poor or no balance
• severe attention and reaction deficits
• inability to cognitively process sounds or visuals
• nausea or vomiting
Safety is the number one priority when it comes to drinking alcohol, and driving is just one well-known area of risk. Even when you’re at home, too much drinking can compromise your physical health, resulting in alcohol poisoning or death.
Understanding more about alcohol consumption can help you make the best choices when you drink.
What alcohol level is too high?
Determining when your alcohol level is too high depends on what you’re assessing it for.
- under the legal drinking age
- planning on driving
- at an increased risk of alcohol-related cancers
- living with certain chronic medical conditions
- taking medications
Does 0.08 mean 8% alcohol?
A 0.08 BAC equals 0.08%, not 8%, alcohol volume.
BAC is measured by grams of alcohol per deciliter of blood, or per 100 milliliters (mL) of blood. This means for every 100 mL of blood, there are 0.08 grams of alcohol.
How many drinks is 0.08?
The point at which you reach 0.08% BAC depends on your sex, weight, how much you drink — and how quickly.
On average, for a 140-pound male, this is around 3 standard drinks. For a 140-pound female, it’s between 2 to 3 standard drinks.
What BAC level is good for you?
The verdict is in: no amount of alcohol is good for your health.
According to the
Changing your relationship with alcohol
A blood alcohol level chart can be a useful tool when your plans include drinking. Even if you don’t feel impaired, the chart can show you what subtle effects might be happening.
For most people, consuming 2 to 3 drinks in 1 hour can impair you past the legal limit for driving. However, it’s important to note that any alcohol in your system will impair your cognitive and physical functions.
Ultimately, consuming alcohol can pose a risk to your health and the health of others. Planning ahead for designated drivers, keeping track of your alcohol intake, and finding ways to drink less can all help make your nights out safer.