studyevaluated the health outcomes of 110 patients who received a medication abortion and found that 95 percent successfully completed their abortion at home.
- The study reflects
real-world data, which consistently suggests that medication abortions can be safely and effectively administered via telehealth.
- Telemedicine abortions may be used more frequently if Roe v. Wade is overturned by the U.S. Supreme Court.
- Online medication abortions drastically expand accessibility, especially for people who have to travel long distances for abortion care.
On Monday, a document detailing the Supreme Court’s upcoming decision on Dobbs v. Jackson Women’s Health Organization was leaked and published on Politico.
Though the document is said to be an early draft of what the Court may decide in June, it shows that the justices may very well vote to undo Roe v. Wade — a 1973 ruling that has protected people’s right to access a safe and legal abortion.
If Roe falls, as the draft suggests it will, conservative states are expected to quickly move to enact bans and restrictions against abortion care. These restrictions may include pills that can end pregnancies, even though research has consistently found that abortion pills are safe and effective.
Some states, like Alabama, Arizona, Iowa, South Dakota, Illinois, Washington, and Wyoming, are expected to outright prohibit abortion pills.
Others, including Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, Ohio, South Dakota, and Tennessee, will introduce restrictions on where and how pregnant people can access the medications.
Medication abortions conducted by telehealth are just as safe and effective as when the procedure is completed in person at a doctor’s office, clinic, or hospital, according to research from the University of California, San Francisco.
The findings offer some of the first data on the safety and efficacy of telehealth abortions conducted during the pandemic in the United States.
Though small, the study reflects
“This [study] shows that there is a way for patients to have early and easy access to providers even if an in-person visit is not possible. Patients should have access to abortion early, safely, and affordably,” Dr. Sarah Yamaguchi, a board certified gynecologist at DTLA Gynecology in Los Angeles, told Healthline.
In the study, abortion outcomes were collected for 110 patients. The vast majority — 105 patients — did not require medical intervention.
Five of the patients needed further medical care to complete the abortion, and two had to be treated in an emergency room.
None of the participants experienced a major adverse event, suggesting that medication abortions conducted by telehealth are just as safe and effective as medication abortions conducted in a doctor’s office.
According to Yamaguchi, these findings will hopefully encourage physicians, patients, and legislatures to feel more comfortable allowing telehealth abortions.
“There is a lot of taboo and misconceptions about terminations, and this at least allows access to women who may not be in areas where terminations are available. It also allows them earlier access as they do not have to arrange for travel plans if the nearest in-person provider is far away geographically,” Yamaguchi said in an earlier interview.
Medication abortions typically require two medications: mifepristone and misoprostol.
Mifepristone typically does not cause any side effects. The second medication, misoprostol, can cause bleeding and cramping, according to Dr. Kelly Culwell, a board certified obstetrician-gynecologist based in San Diego, California.
Pre-pandemic, the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) required the first medication, mifepristone, to be administered in a doctor’s office, clinic, or hospital.
“Because the medication used for the first part of the medication abortion was limited prior to the pandemic to being provided only in clinics with registered providers of the medication, it created a false perception that this medication is somehow unsafe or risky,” Culwell said in an earlier interview.
In July 2020, that requirement was eliminated due to the pandemic, allowing the medication to be mailed to patients throughout the rest of the pandemic.
This study, which evaluated medication abortions administered by Choix in California, adds to the pre-existing evidence from around the world suggesting that medication abortions administered by telehealth are, overall, just as safe as in-person procedures.
“No procedure is without risk, but it does not seem to be significantly different if you do it in person or via telehealth,” Yamaguchi said.
Abortion deserts are in every region of the United States except the Northeast.
Needing to travel long distances for abortion care
Permitting women to seek abortion care by telemedicine can significantly expand access to care and encourage women to seek treatment earlier when abortions are the safest.
“I hope that this study, along with the rest of the evidence, can support the continuation of the pandemic-era regulations which allow medication abortion pills to be provided through telemedicine,” Culwell said.
Research has found that medication abortions conducted by telehealth are just as safe and effective as when the procedure is completed in person at a doctor’s office, clinic, or hospital.
The small study adds to the growing amount of international evidence finding high rates of safety and effectiveness for telehealth abortions.
Allowing people to access medication abortions online drastically expands accessibility, especially for those who have to travel long distances for abortion care.