OB-GYN Frequently Asked Questions
Medically reviewed by Carolyn Kay, MD – Written by Megan Lentz
What is an OB-GYN?
Finding an obstetrician-gynecologist (OB-GYN) will help you manage your women’s healthcare needs. An OB-GYN is trained to deliver babies and specializes in treating and managing disorders involving a woman's reproductive organs.
OB-GYNs are licensed to perform routine women's reproductive checks such as: Pap tests (aka Pap smears), sexually transmitted infection (STI) checks, pelvic exams, ultrasounds; procedures such as IUD insertions; and surgeries such as a hysterectomy or removal of ovarian cysts.
It's recommended that women see an OB-GYN once a year for routine checkups. If you're pregnant or have an underlying health condition, you may need to see an OB-GYN more frequently.
OB-GYNs can perform or order the following procedures and surgeries:
- preventative screenings, including pelvic exams, Pap tests, and breast exams
- cervical and endometrial biopsies
- hysterectomy, or the removal of the uterus
- myomectomy, or the removal of uterine fibroids
- tubal ligation, or female sterilization
- intrauterine device (IUD) insertion or removal
- vaginal delivery
- cesarean delivery (C-section)
- in vitro fertilization
- dilation and curettage (D&C)
OB-GYNs treat the following conditions:
- pelvic pain
- pelvic floor disorders
- genital itching
- dysfunction uterine bleeding or menstrual disorders
- urinary tract and vaginal infections
- hormonal disorders
- urinary incontinence
- breast disorders
An OB-GYN can also provide prenatal care and help you manage your health during pregnancy.