The testes are egg-shaped glands in the scrotum that produce male sex hormones and sperm. Most test...
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The testes are egg-shaped glands in the scrotum that produce male sex hormones and sperm. Most testicular cancers begin in germ cells, which produce immature sperm - why germ cells become abnormal and develop cancer is not known. Testicular cancer is usually diagnosed because a man or his doctor has found a hard lump on the testicle. It is usually painless unless the cancer has advanced. Treatment depends on the type and stage of cancer. There are two main types of testicular cancer: seminomas and nonseminomas. Seminomas are generally less aggressive than nonseminomas, which are more likely to develop early in life and grow and spread rapidly. Stage I testicular cancer is limited to the testis. Stage II has spread to the lymph nodes in the abdomen. And Stage III has spread to other parts of the body. Testicular cancer is highly treatable, even when it has spread beyond the testicle. Primary treatment is removal of the testicle, and sometimes the lymph nodes in the groin. Seminomas may also be treated with radiation. Chemotherapy may be used along with surgery. Regular self-examination of the testes can help to identify cancer early at its earliest stages.