Renal failure means your kidneys have stopped functioning. Sometimes this happens abruptly, and is...
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Renal failure means your kidneys have stopped functioning. Sometimes this happens abruptly, and is potentially reversible. In other cases, known as end-stage renal disease, the kidneys permanently stop functioning, and only dialysis or kidney transplantation will allow you to continue living. Dialysis involves filtering a person's blood through a machine because the kidneys cannot perform this vital function. In kidney transplantation, a working kidney from a donor takes over the function of the failed kidneys. This is done through a surgical procedure. The new kidney is placed in the abdomen through a surgical incision. It is attached to the artery and vein that supplied blood and carried blood away from one of the failed kidneys. The new kidney is also attached via the ureter, a tube that carries urine from the kidney to the bladder. Unless the old kidneys are causing problems, they are usually left in place. Although life-long medication and monitoring are required, the new kidney will enable the person who received it to live a relatively normal life.