NOTICE: This condition is a medical emergency. Call 911 for immediate care.

Overview

Meningitis is an inflammation of the meninges. This is the membrane that covers the brain and spinal cord. Meningitis may occur when fluid surrounding the meninges becomes infected. The most common causes of meningitis are due.to viral and bacteri[read article]

Tests for Meningitis

1.
The central nervous system (CNS) consists of the brain and spinal cord. Cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) is a clear, colorless liquid that surrounds and protects the CNS. ...  More
2.
A CSF smear is part of a series of laboratory tests performed on samples of a patient's cerebral spinal fluid (CSF). A CSF smear is often combined with a CSF G...  More
3.
Cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) analysis is a way of looking for conditions that affect the brain and spine. It is a series of laboratory tests performed on a sample of C...  More
4.
A physical examination is a routine test your doctor performs to check your overall health. It is also known as a wellness check. A physical examination helps your ...  More
5.
Neurological Examination
6.
A blood culture is a fairly routine test that checks for bacteria, yeast, and other microorganisms in the blood. The test is relatively simple for the patient and i...  More
7.
Cell Count and Differential- Cerebrospinal Fluid
8.
Cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) is the liquid that cushions and protects your brain and spinal cord. The CSF protein test is used to determine if there is too much protei...  More
9.
The cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) glucose test is one in a group of laboratory procedures performed to analyze a patient's CSF. This test measures the amount of gl...  More
10.
A red blood cell count is a blood test that your doctor uses to find out how many red blood cells (RBCs) you have in your blood. It is also called an erythrocyte co...  More
11.
Bacteria Gram Stain Test
12.
Cerebrospinal Fluid (CSF) Examination
13.
Each year you hear about small outbreaks of meningitis. It is highly contagious and sometimes fatal. Learn why the classic symptoms of a high fever and stiff neck s...  More
14.
Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of the head is a painless, noninvasive test that produces detailed images of your brain and brain stem. The test is carried out wit...  More
15.
A computerized tomography scan (CT or CAT scan) is a series of cross-sectional X-ray images of your body. CT scans are used to examine your bones and soft tissues f...  More
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Prescribed Medications for Meningitis

1.
PENICILLIN G (pen i SILL in G) is a penicillin antibiotic. It is used to treat certain kinds of bacterial infections. It will not work for colds, flu, or other vira...  More
2.
ACYCLOVIR (ay SYE kloe veer) is an antiviral medicine. It is used to treat or prevent infections caused by certain kinds of viruses. Examples of these infections in...  More
3.
AMPICILLIN (am pi SILL in) is a penicillin antibiotic. It is used to treat certain kinds of bacterial infections. It will not work for colds, flu, or other viral in...  More
4.
VANCOMYCIN (van koe MYE sin) is a glycopeptide antibiotic. It is used to treat certain kinds of bacterial infections. It will not work for colds, flu, or other vira...  More
5.
CEFTRIAXONE (sef try AX one) is a cephalosporin antibiotic. It is used to treat certain kinds of bacterial infections. It It will not work for colds, flu, or other ...  More
6.
GENTAMICIN (jen ta MYE sin) is an aminoglycoside antibiotic. It is used to treat certain kinds of bacterial infections. It will not work for colds, flu, or other vi...  More
7.
DEXAMETHASONE (dex a METH a sone) is a corticosteroid. It is commonly used to treat inflammation of the skin, joints, lungs, and other organs. Common conditions tre...  More
8.
CEFOTAXIME (sef oh TAKS eem) is a cephalosporin antibiotic. It is used to treat certain kinds of bacterial infections. It will not work for colds, flu, or other vir...  More
9.
METRONIDAZOLE (me troe NI da zole) is an antiinfective. It is used to treat certain kinds of bacterial and protozoal infections. It will not work for colds, flu, or...  More
10.
CEFTAZIDIME (SEF tay zi deem) is a cephalosporin antibiotic. It is used to treat certain kinds of bacterial infections. It will not work for colds, flu, or other vi...  More
11.
VALACYCLOVIR (val ay SYE kloe veer) is an antiviral medicine. It is used to treat or prevent infections caused by certain kinds of viruses. Examples of these infect...  More
12.
MEROPENEM (mer oh PEN em) is a carbapenem antibiotic. It is used to treat certain kinds of bacterial infections. It will not work for colds, flu, or other viral inf...  More
13.
CEFEPIME (SEF e pim) is a cephalosporin antibiotic. It is used to treat certain kinds of bacterial infections. It will not work for colds, flu, or other viral infec...  More
14.
GANCICLOVIR (gan SYE kloe veer) is an antiviral medicine. It is used to treat or prevent infections caused by certain kinds of viruses. It is commonly used to preve...  More
15.
FAMCICLOVIR (fam SYE kloe veer) is an antiviral medicine. It is used to treat or prevent infections caused by certain kinds of viruses.  More
16.
FOSCARNET (fos KAR net) is an antiviral medicine. It is used to treat or prevent infections caused by certain kinds of viruses. Examples of these infections include...  More
17.
NAFCILLIN (naf SILL in) is a penicillin antibiotic. It is used to treat certain kinds of bacterial infections. It will not work for colds, flu, or other viral infec...  More
18.
SULFAMETHOXAZOLE; TRIMETHOPRIM or SMX-TMP (suhl fuh meth OK suh zohl; trye METH oh prim) is a combination of a sulfonamide antibiotic and a second antibiotic, trime...  More
19.
AMIKACIN (am i KAY sin) is an aminoglycoside antibiotic. It is used to treat certain kinds of bacterial infections. It will not work for colds, flu, or other viral ...  More
20.
CEFTIZOXIME (sef ti ZOX eem) is a cephalosporin antibiotic. It is used to treat certain kinds of bacterial infections. It will not work for colds, flu, or other vir...  More
21.
TOBRAMYCIN (toe bra MYE sin) is an aminoglycoside antibiotic. It is used to treat certain kinds of bacterial infections. It will not work for colds, flu, or other v...  More
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Self Care for Meningitis

1.
Bed Rest
2.
Drink Plenty of Fluids
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