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Overview

Kidney stones, or renal calculi, are solid masses made of crystals. Kidney stones originate in your kidneys, but can be found at any point in your urinary tract. The urinary tract includes the kidneys, ureters, bladder, and urethra. Kidney stones[read article]

Tests for Kidney Stones

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CT of Kidney
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A urinalysis is a laboratory test done to detect problems with your body that can appear in your urine. Many illnesses and disorders affect how your body removes wa...  More
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An abdominal film, also known as an abdominal X-ray , helps doctors assess potential problems in your abdomen-particularly in your spleen, stomach, and intestines. ...  More
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A physical examination is a routine test your doctor performs to check your overall health. It is also known as a wellness check. A physical examination helps your ...  More
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Ultrasound of Kidney
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Crystal Identification- Urine
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X-rays are best known for their use in evaluating broken bones. However, they can also be used to look at different parts of the body. An intravenous pyelogram (IVP...  More
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X-rays are best known for their use in evaluating broken bones. However, they can also be used to look at different parts of the body. An intravenous pyelogram (IVP...  More
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A computerized tomography scan (CT or CAT scan) is a series of cross-sectional X-ray images of your body. CT scans are used to examine your bones and soft tissues f...  More
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An ultrasound scan is a medical test that uses high-frequency sound waves to capture live images from the inside of your body. The technology is similar to that use...  More
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Kidney Stone Analysis
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Your kidneys are two bean-shaped organs responsible for filtering blood and waste. One method to determine just how well your kidneys are filtering is by measuring ...  More
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Ice cream, beaches, and.... kidney stones? It's a little known fact, but kidney stones are much more common in the summer. Why is this the case? What ...  More
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A uric acid test can be performed on a blood sample or a urine sample. This article discusses the test on the urine sample. Uric acid is a chemical that is produced...  More
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An X-ray is a common imaging test that has been used for decades to help doctors view the inside of the body without having to make an incision. The X-ray was made ...  More
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Self Care for Kidney Stones

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Drink Plenty of Fluids
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Prescribed Medications for Kidney Stones

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ALLOPURINOL (al oh PURE i nole) reduces the amount of uric acid the body makes. It is used to treat the symptoms of gout. It is also used to treat or prevent high u...  More
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HYDROCHLOROTHIAZIDE (hye droe klor oh THYE a zide) is a diuretic. It increases the amount of urine passed, which causes the body to lose salt and water. This medici...  More
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ACETOHYDROXAMIC ACID prevents the buildup of ammonia in your urine. This medicine is used in patients with certain types of urinary tract infections and may help an...  More
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PENICILLAMINE (pen uh SIL uh meen) binds with heavy metals and cystine in the body. It is used to treat Wilson's disease and cystinuria. It is also used to tre...  More
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POTASSIUM CITRATE (poe TASS i um SI treyt) is a potassium salt. It helps to make the urine more alkaline or less acidic. This medicine is used to prevent kidney sto...  More
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Medical Procedures for Kidney Stones

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Lithotripsy is a medical procedure used to treat kidney stones. It may also be used to treat stones in other organs, such as the gall bladder or the liver. Kidney s...  More
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Ureteroscopic Removal of Ureteric Calculus
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Diets for Kidney Stones

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Low Protein Diet
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Surgical Procedures for Kidney Stones

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Percutaneous urinary procedures are used to drain urine and remove kidney stones that are too large to pass from your body by way of the urinary tract (ureters, bla...  More
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Laser Lithotripsy
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Herbs and Supplements for Kidney Stones What's this?

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Phosphorus is a mineral found in many foods, such as milk, cheese, dried beans, peas, colas, nuts, and peanut butter. Phosphate is the most common form of phosphoru...  More
Efficacy Grade A
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There is some human evidence supporting the use of cranberry juice and cranberry supplements to prevent urinary tract infection (UTI), although most available studi...  More
Efficacy Grade C
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Vitamin B6 (pyridoxine) is required for the synthesis of the neurotransmitters serotonin and norepinephrine and for myelin formation. Pyridoxine deficiency in adult...  More
Efficacy Grade C
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The grapefruit was first described in the 1750s as the forbidden fruit of Barbados. It was introduced to Florida in the 1820s. Most grapefruit in the United States ...  More
Efficacy Grade C
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