Overview

Hepatorenal syndrome (HRS) is a type of progressive kidney failure. As the kidneys stop functioning, toxins begin to build up in the body. Eventually, this leads to liver failure. It is only seen in people with severe liver damage and is almost alw[read article]

Tests for Hepatorenal Syndrome

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Fractional excretion of sodium (FENa) measures the amount of sodium leaving your body relative to the amount of salt filtered through your kidneys and reabsorbed in...  More
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Abdominal tap, also known as paracentesis, is a medical procedure to remove excess fluid from the abdominal cavity, the area between the abdominal wall and the spin...  More
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A physical examination is a routine test your doctor performs to check your overall health. It is also known as a wellness check. A physical examination helps your ...  More
4.
A creatinine blood test measures the level of creatinine in the blood. Creatinine is a waste product that forms when creatine breaks down. Creatine is a substance f...  More
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A urine sodium test is used to test whether you are properly hydrated. It can also evaluate your kidney function. There are two types of sodium urine test. A random...  More
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Your kidneys are two bean-shaped organs responsible for filtering blood and waste. One method to determine just how well your kidneys are filtering is by measuring ...  More
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A sodium blood test is a routine test to help your doctor learn more about your health. It is also called a serum sodium test. Sodium is a mineral essential to your...  More
8.
Osmolality measures the concentration of all particles in a fluid. For example, a thick, sugary syrup has significantly higher osmolality than a cup of water with j...  More
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Electrolyte Panel
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A urine sample is a painless way for your doctor to evaluate your health and test for abnormalities. When your doctor orders a urine sample test known as a urinalys...  More
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Creatinine is a normal waste product produced by muscle metabolism. When your kidneys are functioning normally, they filter creatinine and other waste products out ...  More
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Blood Ammonia Test
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Osmolality is a measure of how much of one substance has been dissolved in another substance. The greater the concentration of substance dissolved, the higher the o...  More
14.
A red blood cell count is a blood test that your doctor uses to find out how many red blood cells (RBCs) you have in your blood. It is also called an erythrocyte co...  More
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You have two kidneys, each approximately the size of a human fist. They are located in the back of your abdomen, below the rib cage, one kidney on either side of yo...  More
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An ultrasound scan is a medical test that uses high-frequency sound waves to capture live images from the inside of your body. The technology is similar to that use...  More
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A prothrombin time (PT) test, measures the amount of time it takes for your blood plasma to clot. Prothrombin, also known as factor ll, is just one of many plasma p...  More
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Proteins circulate throughout your blood to help your body maintain fluid balance. Albumin is produced in the liver, and is one of the most abundant proteins in you...  More
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An alkaline phosphatase level test (ALP test) measures the amount of alkaline phosphatase enzyme in your bloodstream. The test requires a simple blood draw and is o...  More
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Bilirubin is a yellow pigment that is in everyone's blood and stool. If you notice a yellowing of your skin or the whites of your eyes, this is called jaundice...  More
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Ultrasound Scan of Kidney and Ureters
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Medical Procedures for Hepatorenal Syndrome

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The function of your kidneys is to purify your body by removing waste and excess fluid. Dialysis is a treatment used for people whose kidneys don't work proper...  More
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Surgical Procedures for Hepatorenal Syndrome

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Transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunting (TIPS) is a procedure used to treat liver problems. TIPS is a minimally invasive procedure performed to connect two...  More
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A liver transplant is a medical procedure in which your diseased or failing liver is replaced with a donor liver. According to the Organ Procurement and Transplanta...  More
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Creation of Peritoneovascular Shunt
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Prescribed Medications for Hepatorenal Syndrome

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OCTREOTIDE (ok TREE oh tide) is used to reduce blood levels of growth hormone in patients with a condition called acromegaly. This medicine also reduces flushing an...  More
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ACETYLCYSTEINE (a se teel SIS teen) is a drug that loosens and thins mucus in the lungs. It is used to make breathing easier in patients with bronchitis, cystic fib...  More
3.
MIDODRINE (MI doe dreen) is used to treat low blood pressure in patients who have symptoms like dizziness when going from a sitting to a standing position.  More
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ALBUMIN (al BYOO min) is used to treat or prevent shock following serious injury, bleeding, surgery, or burns by increasing the volume of blood plasma. This medicin...  More
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Over the Counter Medications for Hepatorenal Syndrome

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ACETYLCYSTEINE (a se teel SIS teen) is a drug that loosens and thins mucus in the lungs. It is used to make breathing easier in patients with bronchitis, cystic fib...  More
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