Overview

Hairy cell leukemia (HCL) is a rare type of blood and bone marrow cancer that affects the B-lymphocytes (a type of white blood cells that make antibodies that fight infections). If you have HCL, your body produces a surplus of abnormal B-lymphocy[read article]

Tests for Hairy Cell Leukemia

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A blood smear is a diagnostic test used to look for abnormalities within the blood. The cell types are examined under a microscope for unusual shapes or sizes. Ther...  More
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White blood cells (WBCs), also called leukocytes, are an important part of the immune system. These cells help fight infections by attacking bacteria, viruses, and ...  More
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A blood differential (also called a white blood cell count differential) measures the number of each of the five types of white blood cells present in your blood�...  More
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A physical examination is a routine test your doctor performs to check your overall health. It is also known as a wellness check. A physical examination helps your ...  More
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Cytodiagnosis
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Leukemia Phenotype Panel
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A computerized tomography scan (CT or CAT scan) is a series of cross-sectional X-ray images of your body. CT scans are used to examine your bones and soft tissues f...  More
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A magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scan is a noninvasive test that uses magnets and radio waves to create images of the inside of your body. It allows doctors to se...  More
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A bone marrow biopsy is a procedure that takes a small sample of the marrow inside your bones for testing in a laboratory. This test is used to see if you have an i...  More
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A red blood cell count is a blood test that your doctor uses to find out how many red blood cells (RBCs) you have in your blood. It is also called an erythrocyte co...  More
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Bone marrow aspiration is a procedure that takes a sample from the soft tissue inside your bones. Bone marrow is the spongy tissue found inside bones. The bone marr...  More
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In some cases, your doctor may decide that he or she needs a sample of your tissue or your cells to help diagnose an illness or identify a cancer. This removal of t...  More
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Immunophenotyping
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Lymph nodes are small, oval-shaped organs located in different areas of your body. They are found close to internal organs such as the stomach, intestines, and lung...  More
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An X-ray is an imaging test that uses small amounts of radiation to produce pictures of the organs, tissues, and bones of the body. When focused on the chest, it ca...  More
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A positron emission tomography (PET) scan is an imaging test that allows doctors to check for disease in your body. The scan uses radioactive tracers in a special d...  More
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An ultrasound scan is a medical test that uses high-frequency sound waves to capture live images from the inside of your body. The technology is similar to that use...  More
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Medical Procedures for Hairy Cell Leukemia

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Traditional cancer therapies like chemotherapy and radiation therapy are notorious for their severe side effects. Newer immunotherapies, which target cancer cells a...  More
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Chemotherapy is an aggressive form of chemical drug therapy meant to destroy rapidly growing cells in the body. It is usually used for cancer, as cancer cells grow ...  More
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Biologic Therapy
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Interferon Therapy
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Surgical Procedures for Hairy Cell Leukemia

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Your spleen is a small organ located on the left side of your abdomen, under the rib cage. This organ is part of your immune system and helps to fight infections an...  More
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Prescribed Medications for Hairy Cell Leukemia

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CLADRIBINE (KLA dri been) is a chemotherapy drug. This medicine reduces the growth of cancer cells and can suppress the immune system. It is used for treating leuke...  More
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RITUXIMAB (ri TUX i mab) is a monoclonal antibody. This medicine changes the way the body's immune system works. It is used commonly to treat non-Hodgkin'...  More
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PENTOSTATIN (PEN toe stat in) is a chemotherapy drug. It interferes with the growth of cancer cells. It is usually used to treat hairy-cell leukemia.  More
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INTERFERON ALFA-2b (in ter FEER on AL fa 2 b) is a man-made protein. Natural interferons are produced in the body to help the immune system fight viral infections a...  More
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INTERFERON ALFA-2a (in ter FEER on AL fa 2 a) (Roferon-A) helps the immune system fight viral infections such as chronic hepatitis C, and certain cancers like Phila...  More
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Alternative Procedures for Hairy Cell Leukemia What's this?

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The practice of acupuncture originated in China 5,000 years ago. Today it is widely used throughout the world and is one of the main pillars of Chinese medicine. Th...  More
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Various forms of meditation have been practiced for thousands of years throughout the world, with many techniques originating in Eastern religious practices. In mod...  More
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