NOTICE: This condition is a medical emergency. Call 911 for immediate care.

Overview

Encephalitis is inflammation of the brain tissue. Most cases are caused by viral infections. In rare cases it can also be caused by bacteria.There are two main types of encephalitis-primary and secondary. Primary encephalitis is when a virus dire[read article]

Tests for Encephalitis

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Each year you hear about small outbreaks of meningitis. It is highly contagious and sometimes fatal. Learn why the classic symptoms of a high fever and stiff neck s...  More
2.
Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of the head is a painless, noninvasive test that produces detailed images of your brain and brain stem. The test is carried out wit...  More
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An electroencephalogram (EEG) is a test used to evaluate the electrical activity in the brain. Brain cells communicate with each other through electrical impulses, ...  More
4.
A cranial CT scan of the head is a diagnostic tool used to create detailed pictures of the skull, brain, paranasal sinuses, and eye sockets. CT stands for computed ...  More
5.
A physical examination is a routine test your doctor performs to check your overall health. It is also known as a wellness check. A physical examination helps your ...  More
6.
A cranial CT scan of the head is a diagnostic tool used to create detailed pictures of the skull, brain, paranasal sinuses, and eye sockets. CT stands for computed ...  More
7.
The central nervous system (CNS) consists of the brain and spinal cord. Cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) is a clear, colorless liquid that surrounds and protects the CNS. ...  More
8.
ELISA, or EIA, is an acronym for enzyme-linked immuno assay. ELISA is a test that detects and measures antibodies in your blood. This test can be used to determine ...  More
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Polymerase Chain Reaction
10.
Brain Biopsy
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Medical Procedures for Encephalitis

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Administration of Intravenous Fluids
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According to the American Physical Therapy Association, the goal of physical therapy or physiotherapy is to improve mobility, restore function, reduce pain, and pre...  More
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Occupational Therapy
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Hearing and speech impairment are conditions that can affect both children and adults. Hearing impairment may also be called deafness or hard of hearing . Problems ...  More
5.
Assisted Breathing
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Prescribed Medications for Encephalitis

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PHENYTOIN (FEN i toyn) is used to control seizures in certain types of epilepsy. It is also used to prevent seizures during or after surgery.  More
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RIBAVIRIN (rye ba VYE rin) is an antiviral medicine. It is used with peginterferon alfa to treat hepatitis C. It will not work for colds, flu, or other viral infect...  More
3.
GANCICLOVIR (gan SYE kloe veer) is an antiviral medicine. It is used to treat or prevent infections caused by certain kinds of viruses. It is commonly used to preve...  More
4.
FOSCARNET (fos KAR net) is an antiviral medicine. It is used to treat or prevent infections caused by certain kinds of viruses. Examples of these infections include...  More
5.
CIDOFOVIR (si DOF o veer) is an antiviral medicine. It is used to treat or prevent infections caused by certain kinds of viruses. It is commonly used to treat cytom...  More
6.
ACYCLOVIR (ay SYE kloe veer) is an antiviral medicine. It is used to treat or prevent infections caused by certain kinds of viruses. Examples of these infections in...  More
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Over the Counter Medications for Encephalitis

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ACETAMINOPHEN (a set a MEE noe fen) is a pain reliever. It is used to treat mild pain and fever.  More
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Self Care for Encephalitis

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Supportive Care
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Rest
3.
Drink Plenty of Fluids
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Herbs and Supplements for Encephalitis What's this?

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The thymus is a lobular gland located under the breastbone near the thyroid gland. It reaches its maximum size during early childhood and plays a large role in immu...  More
Efficacy Grade C
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